Deuteronomy 1:42
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the LORD said to me, ‘Say to them, Do not go up or fight, for I am not in your midst, lest you be defeated before your enemies.’

King James Bible
And the LORD said unto me, Say unto them, Go not up, neither fight; for I am not among you; lest ye be smitten before your enemies.

American Standard Version
And Jehovah said unto me, Say unto them, Go not up, neither fight; for I am not among you; lest ye be smitten before your enemies.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The Lord said to me: Say to them: Go not up, and fight not, for I am not with you: lest you fall before your enemies.

English Revised Version
And the LORD said unto me, Say unto them, Go not up, neither fight; for I am not among you; lest ye be smitten before your enemies.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the LORD said to me, Say to them, Go not up, neither fight; for I am not among you; lest ye be smitten before your enemies.

Deuteronomy 1:42 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Jehovah was angry, therefore, when He heard these loud words, and swore that He would not let any one of those men, that evil generation, enter the promised land, with the exception of Caleb, because he had followed the Lord faithfully (cf. Numbers 14:21-24). The hod in זוּלתי is the antiquated connecting vowel of the construct state.

But in order that he might impress upon the people the judgment of the holy God in all its stern severity, Moses added in Deuteronomy 1:37 : "also Jehovah was angry with me for your sakes, saying, Thou also shalt not go in thither;" and he did this before mentioning Joshua, who was excepted from the judgment as well as Caleb, because his ultimate intention was to impress also upon the minds of the people the fact, that even in wrath the Lord had been mindful of His covenant, and when pronouncing the sentence upon His servant Moses, had given the people a leader in the person of Joshua, who was to bring them into the promised inheritance. We are not to infer from the close connection in which this event, which did not take place according to Numbers 20:1-13 till the second arrival of the congregation at Kadesh, is placed with the earlier judgment of God at Kadesh, that the two were contemporaneous, and so supply, after "the Lord as angry with me," the words "on that occasion." For Moses did not intend to teach the people history and chronology, but to set before them the holiness of the judgments of the Lord. By using the expression "for your sakes," Moses did not wish to free himself from guilt. Even in this book his sin at the water of strife is not passed over in silence (cf. Deuteronomy 32:51). But on the present occasion, if he had given prominence to his own fault, he would have weakened the object for which he referred to this event, viz., to stimulate the consciences of the people, and instil into them a wholesome dread of sin, by holding up before them the magnitude of their guilt. But in order that he might give no encouragement to false security respecting their own sin, on the ground that even highly gifted men of God fall into sin as well, Moses simply pointed out the fact, that the quarrelling of the people with him occasioned the wrath of God to fall upon him also.

Deuteronomy 1:42 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Go not up

Numbers 14:41,42 And Moses said, Why now do you transgress the commandment of the LORD? but it shall not prosper...

for I am not

Leviticus 26:17 And I will set my face against you, and you shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you...

Joshua 7:8-13 O LORD, what shall I say, when Israel turns their backs before their enemies!...

1 Samuel 4:2,10 And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines...

Isaiah 30:17 One thousand shall flee at the rebuke of one; at the rebuke of five shall you flee...

Isaiah 59:1,2 Behold, the LORD's hand is not shortened, that it cannot save; neither his ear heavy, that it cannot hear...

Hosea 9:12 Though they bring up their children, yet will I bereave them, that there shall not be a man left: yes...

Cross References
Numbers 14:41
But Moses said, "Why now are you transgressing the command of the LORD, when that will not succeed?

Numbers 14:42
Do not go up, for the LORD is not among you, lest you be struck down before your enemies.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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