Deuteronomy 10:16
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no longer stubborn.

King James Bible
Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked.

American Standard Version
Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and stiffen your neck no more.

English Revised Version
Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiffnecked.

Webster's Bible Translation
Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiff-necked.

Deuteronomy 10:16 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In Deuteronomy 10:8, Moses returns to the form of an address again, and refers to the separation of the tribe of Levi for the holy service, as a manifestation of mercy on the part of the Lord towards Israel. The expression "at that time" is not to be understood as relating to the time of Aaron's death in the fortieth year of the march, in which Knobel finds a contradiction to the other books. It refers quite generally, as in Deuteronomy 9:20 and Deuteronomy 10:1, to the time of which Moses is speaking here, viz., the time when the covenant was restored at Sinai. The appointment of the tribe of Levi for service at the sanctuary took place in connection with the election of Aaron and his sons to the priesthood (Exodus 28 and 29), although their call to this service, instead of the first-born of Israel, was not carried out till the numbering and mustering of the people (Numbers 1:49., Deuteronomy 4:17., Deuteronomy 8:6.). Moses is speaking here of the election of the whole of the tribe of Levi, including the priests (Aaron and his sons), as is very evident from the account of their service. It is true that the carrying of the ark upon the march through the desert was the business of the (non-priestly) Levites, viz., the Kohathites (Numbers 4:4.); but on solemn occasions the priests had to carry it (cf. Joshua 3:3, Joshua 3:6, Joshua 3:8; Joshua 6:6; 1 Kings 8:3.). "Standing before the Lord, to serve Him, and to bless in His name," was exclusively the business of the priests (cf. Deuteronomy 18:5; Deuteronomy 21:5, and Numbers 6:23.), whereas the Levites were only assistants of the priests in their service (see at Deuteronomy 18:7). This tribe therefore received no share and possession with the other tribes, as was already laid down in Numbers 18:20 with reference to the priests, and in Numbers 18:24 with regard to all the Levites; to which passages the words "as the Lord thy God promised him" refer. - Lastly, in Deuteronomy 10:10, Deuteronomy 10:11, Moses sums up the result of his intercession in the words, "And I stood upon the mount as the first days, forty days (a resumption of Deuteronomy 9:18 and Deuteronomy 9:25); and the Lord hearkened to me this time also (word for word, as in Deuteronomy 9:19). "Jehovah would not destroy thee (Israel)." Therefore He commanded Moses to arise to depart before the people, i.e., as leader of the people to command and superintend their removal and march. In form, this command is connected with Exodus 34:1; but Moses refers here not only to that word of the Lord with the limitation added there in Exodus 34:2, but to the ultimate, full, and unconditional assurance of God, in which the Lord Himself promised to go with His people and bring them to Canaan (Exodus 34:14.).

Deuteronomy 10:16 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Circumcise

Deuteronomy 30:6 And the LORD your God will circumcise your heart, and the heart of your seed, to love the LORD your God with all your heart...

Leviticus 26:41 And that I also have walked contrary to them, and have brought them into the land of their enemies...

Jeremiah 4:4,14 Circumcise yourselves to the LORD, and take away the foreskins of your heart, you men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem...

Romans 2:28,29 For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh...

Colossians 2:11 In whom also you are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands...

stiff-necked

Deuteronomy 9:6,13 Understand therefore, that the LORD your God gives you not this good land to possess it for your righteousness...

Deuteronomy 31:27 For I know your rebellion, and your stiff neck: behold, while I am yet alive with you this day...

James 4:6,7 But he gives more grace. Why he said, God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble...

Cross References
Genesis 17:11
You shall be circumcised in the flesh of your foreskins, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and you.

Leviticus 26:41
so that I walked contrary to them and brought them into the land of their enemies--if then their uncircumcised heart is humbled and they make amends for their iniquity,

Deuteronomy 9:6
"Know, therefore, that the LORD your God is not giving you this good land to possess because of your righteousness, for you are a stubborn people.

Deuteronomy 9:13
"Furthermore, the LORD said to me, 'I have seen this people, and behold, it is a stubborn people.

Deuteronomy 30:6
And the LORD your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your offspring, so that you will love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, that you may live.

Jeremiah 4:4
Circumcise yourselves to the LORD; remove the foreskin of your hearts, O men of Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem; lest my wrath go forth like fire, and burn with none to quench it, because of the evil of your deeds."

Ezekiel 44:7
in admitting foreigners, uncircumcised in heart and flesh, to be in my sanctuary, profaning my temple, when you offer to me my food, the fat and the blood. You have broken my covenant, in addition to all your abominations.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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