Deuteronomy 16:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“You shall appoint judges and officers in all your towns that the LORD your God is giving you, according to your tribes, and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment.

King James Bible
Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment.

American Standard Version
Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which Jehovah thy God giveth thee, according to thy tribes; and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt appoint judges and magistrates in all thy gates, which the Lord thy God shall give thee, in all thy tribes: that they may judge the people with just judgment,

English Revised Version
Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, according to thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment.

Webster's Bible Translation
Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment.

Deuteronomy 16:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

With regard to the Feast of Weeks (see at Exodus 23:16), it is stated that the time for its observance was to be reckoned from the Passover. Seven weeks shall they count "from the beginning of the sickle to the corn," i.e., from the time when the sickle began to be applied to the corn, or from the commencement of the corn-harvest. As the corn-harvest was opened with the presentation of the sheaf of first-fruits on the second day of the Passover, this regulation as to time coincides with the rule laid down in Leviticus 23:15. "Thou shalt keep the feast to the Lord thy God according to the measure of the free gift of thy hand, which thou givest as Jehovah thy God blesseth thee." The ἁπ. λεγ. מסּת is the standing rendering in the Chaldee for דּי, sufficiency, need; it probably signifies abundance, from מסס equals מסה, to flow, to overflow, to derive. The idea is this: Israel was to keep this feast with sacrificial gifts, which every one was able to bring, according to the extent to which the Lord had blessed him, and (Deuteronomy 16:11) to rejoice before the Lord at the place where His name dwelt with sacrificial meals, to which the needy were to be invited (cf. Deuteronomy 14:29), in remembrance of the fact that they also were bondmen in Egypt (cf. Deuteronomy 15:15). The "free-will offering of the hand," which the Israelites were to bring with them to this feast, and with which they were to rejoice before the Lord, belonged to the free-will gifts of burnt-offerings, meat-offerings, drink-offerings, and thank-offerings, which might be offered, according to Numbers 29:39 (cf. Leviticus 23:38), at every feast, along with the festal sacrifices enjoined upon the congregation. The latter were binding upon the priests and congregation, and are fully described in Numbers 28 and 29, so that there was no necessity for Moses to say anything further with reference to them.

Deuteronomy 16:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Judges

Deuteronomy 1:15-17 So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains over thousands...

Deuteronomy 17:9,12 And you shall come to the priests the Levites, and to the judge that shall be in those days, and inquire...

Deuteronomy 19:17,18 Then both the men, between whom the controversy is, shall stand before the LORD, before the priests and the judges...

Deuteronomy 21:2 Then your elders and your judges shall come forth, and they shall measure to the cities which are round about him that is slain:

Exodus 18:25,26 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds...

Exodus 21:6 Then his master shall bring him to the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or to the door post...

1 Chronicles 23:4 Of which, twenty and four thousand were to set forward the work of the house of the LORD; and six thousand were officers and judges:

1 Chronicles 26:29 Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were for the outward business over Israel, for officers and judges.

2 Chronicles 19:5-11 And he set judges in the land throughout all the fenced cities of Judah, city by city...

Psalm 82:2,3 How long will you judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah...

Romans 13:1-6 Let every soul be subject to the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God...

in all thy gates This expression may refer to the gate of the city, as the {forum} or place of public concourse among the Israelites, where a {court of judicature} was held, to try all causes and decide all affairs. The same practice obtained among other Eastern nation. The Ottoman court, it is well known, derived its appellation of the {Porte}, from the distribution of justice and the dispatch of public business at its gates. And the square tower which forms the principal entrance to the {Alhamra}, or red palace of the Moorish kings of Grenada, retains to this day the appellation of the {Gate of Judgment}, from it having been the place where justice was at one period summarily administered.

Cross References
Matthew 5:21
"You have heard that it was said to those of old, 'You shall not murder; and whoever murders will be liable to judgment.'

Matthew 5:22
But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother will be liable to judgment; whoever insults his brother will be liable to the council; and whoever says, 'You fool!' will be liable to the hell of fire.

Deuteronomy 1:16
And I charged your judges at that time, 'Hear the cases between your brothers, and judge righteously between a man and his brother or the alien who is with him.

Deuteronomy 16:17
Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the LORD your God that he has given you.

Deuteronomy 16:19
You shall not pervert justice. You shall not show partiality, and you shall not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and subverts the cause of the righteous.

1 Samuel 8:1
When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel.

2 Chronicles 19:5
He appointed judges in the land in all the fortified cities of Judah, city by city,

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