Deuteronomy 16:18
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Appoint judges and officials for each of your tribes in every town the LORD your God is giving you, and they shall judge the people fairly.

King James Bible
Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes: and they shall judge the people with just judgment.

Darby Bible Translation
Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates, which Jehovah thy God giveth thee, throughout thy tribes, that they may judge the people with just judgment.

World English Bible
You shall make judges and officers in all your gates, which Yahweh your God gives you, according to your tribes; and they shall judge the people with righteous judgment.

Young's Literal Translation
'Judges and authorities thou dost make to thee within all thy gates which Jehovah thy God is giving to thee, for thy tribes; and they have judged the people -- a righteous judgment.

Deuteronomy 16:18 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Judges and officers shalt thou make - Judges, שפטים shophetim, among the Hebrews, were probably the same as our magistrates or justices of the peace. Officers, שטרים shoterim, seem to have been the same as our inquest sergeants, beadles, etc., whose office it was to go into the houses, shops, etc., and examine weights, measures, and the civil conduct of the people. When they found any thing amiss, they brought the person offending before the magistrate, and he was punished by the officer on the spot. They seem also to have acted as heralds in the army, Deuteronomy 20:5. See also Rab. Maimon in Sanhedrin. In China, for all minor offenses, the person when found guilty is punished on the spot, in the presence of the magistrate or mandarin of justice.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Judges

Deuteronomy 1:15-17 So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains over thousands...

Deuteronomy 17:9,12 And you shall come to the priests the Levites, and to the judge that shall be in those days, and inquire...

Deuteronomy 19:17,18 Then both the men, between whom the controversy is, shall stand before the LORD, before the priests and the judges...

Deuteronomy 21:2 Then your elders and your judges shall come forth, and they shall measure to the cities which are round about him that is slain:

Exodus 18:25,26 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds...

Exodus 21:6 Then his master shall bring him to the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or to the door post...

1 Chronicles 23:4 Of which, twenty and four thousand were to set forward the work of the house of the LORD; and six thousand were officers and judges:

1 Chronicles 26:29 Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons were for the outward business over Israel, for officers and judges.

2 Chronicles 19:5-11 And he set judges in the land throughout all the fenced cities of Judah, city by city...

Psalm 82:2,3 How long will you judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah...

Romans 13:1-6 Let every soul be subject to the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God...

in all thy gates This expression may refer to the gate of the city, as the {forum} or place of public concourse among the Israelites, where a {court of judicature} was held, to try all causes and decide all affairs. The same practice obtained among other Eastern nation. The Ottoman court, it is well known, derived its appellation of the {Porte}, from the distribution of justice and the dispatch of public business at its gates. And the square tower which forms the principal entrance to the {Alhamra}, or red palace of the Moorish kings of Grenada, retains to this day the appellation of the {Gate of Judgment}, from it having been the place where justice was at one period summarily administered.

Library
The Age of the Apostles (Ad 33-100)
The beginning of the Christian Church is reckoned from the great day on which the Holy Ghost came down, according as our Lord had promised to His Apostles. At that time, "Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven," were gathered together at Jerusalem, to keep the Feast of Pentecost (or Feast of Weeks), which was one of the three holy seasons at which God required His people to appear before Him in the place which He had chosen (Deuteronomy xvi. 16). Many of these devout men there converted
J. C. Roberston—Sketches of Church History, from AD 33 to the Reformation

The Passing and the Permanent
'For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but My kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the covenant of My peace be removed, saith the Lord that hath mercy on thee.'--ISAIAH liv, 10.-- There is something of music in the very sound of these words. The stately march of the grand English translation lends itself with wonderful beauty to the melody of Isaiah's words. But the thought that lies below them, sweeping as it does through the whole creation, and parting all things
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Cross References
Matthew 5:21
"You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'You shall not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.'

Matthew 5:22
But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, 'Raca,' is answerable to the court. And anyone who says, 'You fool!' will be in danger of the fire of hell.

Deuteronomy 1:16
And I charged your judges at that time, "Hear the disputes between your people and judge fairly, whether the case is between two Israelites or between an Israelite and a foreigner residing among you.

Deuteronomy 16:17
Each of you must bring a gift in proportion to the way the LORD your God has blessed you.

Deuteronomy 16:19
Do not pervert justice or show partiality. Do not accept a bribe, for a bribe blinds the eyes of the wise and twists the words of the innocent.

1 Samuel 8:1
When Samuel grew old, he appointed his sons as Israel's leaders.

2 Chronicles 19:5
He appointed judges in the land, in each of the fortified cities of Judah.

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