Deuteronomy 2:32
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Jahaz.

King James Bible
Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, to fight at Jahaz.

American Standard Version
Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, unto battle at Jahaz.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Sehon came out to meet us with all his people to fight at Jasa.

English Revised Version
Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, unto battle at Jahaz.

Webster's Bible Translation
Then Sihon came out against us, he and all his people, to fight at Jahaz.

Deuteronomy 2:32 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

If Moses, notwithstanding this, sent messengers to king Sihon with words of peace (Deuteronomy 2:26.; cf. Numbers 21:21.), this was done to show the king of the Amorites, that it was through his own fault that his kingdom and lands and life were lost. The wish to pass through his land in a peaceable manner was quite seriously expressed; although Moses foresaw, in consequence of the divine communication, that he would reject his proposal, and meet Israel with hostilities. For Sihon's kingdom did not form part of the land of Canaan, which God had promised to the patriarchs for their descendants; and the divine foreknowledge of the hardness of Sihon no more destroyed the freedom of his will to resolve, or the freedom of his actions, than the circumstance that in Deuteronomy 2:30 the unwillingness of Sihon is described as the effect of his being hardened by God Himself. The hardening was quite as much the production of human freedom and guilt, as the consequence of the divine decree; just as in the case of Pharaoh. On Kedemoth, see Numbers 21:13. בּדּרך בּדּרך, equivalent to "upon the way, and always upon the way," i.e., upon the high road alone, as in Numbers 20:19. On the behaviour of the Edomites towards Israel, mentioned in Deuteronomy 2:29, see Numbers 21:10. In the same way the Moabites also supplied Israel with provisions for money. This statement is not at variance with the unbrotherly conduct for which the Moabites are blamed in Deuteronomy 23:4, viz., that they did not meet the Israelites with bread and water. For קדּם, to meet and anticipate, signifies a hospitable reception, and the offering of food and drink without reward, which is essentially different from selling for money. "In Ar" (Deuteronomy 2:29), as in Deuteronomy 2:18. The suffix in בּו (Deuteronomy 2:30) refers to the king, who is mentioned as the lord of the land, in the place of the land itself, just as in Numbers 20:18.

Deuteronomy 2:32 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Numbers 21:23-30 And Sihon would not suffer Israel to pass through his border: but Sihon gathered all his people together...

Judges 11:20-23 But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz...

Nehemiah 9:22 Moreover you gave them kingdoms and nations, and did divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon...

Psalm 120:7 I am for peace: but when I speak, they are for war.

Psalm 135:11 Sihon king of the Amorites, and Og king of Bashan, and all the kingdoms of Canaan:

Psalm 136:19 Sihon king of the Amorites: for his mercy endures for ever:

Cross References
Numbers 21:23
But Sihon would not allow Israel to pass through his territory. He gathered all his people together and went out against Israel to the wilderness and came to Jahaz and fought against Israel.

Deuteronomy 2:31
And the LORD said to me, 'Behold, I have begun to give Sihon and his land over to you. Begin to take possession, that you may occupy his land.'

Deuteronomy 2:33
And the LORD our God gave him over to us, and we defeated him and his sons and all his people.

Judges 11:21
And the LORD, the God of Israel, gave Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they defeated them. So Israel took possession of all the land of the Amorites, who inhabited that country.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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