Deuteronomy 28:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And the heavens over your head shall be bronze, and the earth under you shall be iron.

King James Bible
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

American Standard Version
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Be the heaven, that is over thee, of brass: and the ground thou treadest on, of iron.

English Revised Version
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

Webster's Bible Translation
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.

Deuteronomy 28:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Deuteronomy 28:16-19 correspond precisely to Deuteronomy 28:3-6, so as to set forth the curse as the counterpart of the blessing, except that the basket and kneading-trough are mentioned before the fruit of the body.

Deuteronomy 28:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The language here is remarkable: `Thy heaven;' that part of the atmosphere which was over judea, instead of being replenished with aqueous vapours, should become, with respect to moisture, like brass: and consequently their land would become as hard as iron, and wholly incapable of cultivation; while the clouds might give showers in abundance, and the earth be moist and fruitful in other regions.

Leviticus 26:19 And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass:

1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said to Ahab, As the LORD God of Israel lives, before whom I stand...

1 Kings 18:2 And Elijah went to show himself to Ahab. And there was a sore famine in Samaria.

Jeremiah 14:1-6 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah concerning the dearth...

Amos 4:7 And also I have withheld the rain from you, when there were yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain on one city...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 28:22
The LORD will strike you with wasting disease and with fever, inflammation and fiery heat, and with drought and with blight and with mildew. They shall pursue you until you perish.

Deuteronomy 28:24
The LORD will make the rain of your land powder. From heaven dust shall come down on you until you are destroyed.

Haggai 1:10
Therefore the heavens above you have withheld the dew, and the earth has withheld its produce.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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