New International Version
The sky over your head will be bronze, the ground beneath you iron.
King James Bible
And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron.
Darby Bible Translation
And thy heavens which are over thy head shall be brass, and the earth which is under thee, iron.
World English Bible
Your sky that is over your head shall be brass, and the earth that is under you shall be iron.
Young's Literal Translation
And thy heavens which are over thy head have been brass, and the earth which is under thee iron;
Deuteronomy 28:23 Parallel
CommentaryClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Thy heaven - shall be brass, and the earth - iron - The atmosphere should not be replenished with aqueous vapours, in consequence of which they should have neither the early nor the latter rain; hence the earth - the ground, must be wholly intractable, and, through its hardness, incapable of cultivation. God shows them by this that he is Lord of nature; and that drought and sterility are not casualties, but proceed from the immediate appointment of the Lord.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
The language here is remarkable: `Thy heaven;' that part of the atmosphere which was over judea, instead of being replenished with aqueous vapours, should become, with respect to moisture, like brass: and consequently their land would become as hard as iron, and wholly incapable of cultivation; while the clouds might give showers in abundance, and the earth be moist and fruitful in other regions.
LibraryA Choice of Masters
'Because thou servedst not the Lord thy God with joyfulness, and with gladness of heart, for the abundance of all things; 48. Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies ... in want of all things: and He shall put a yoke of iron upon thy neck, until He have destroyed thee.'--DEUT. xxviii. 47, 48 The history of Israel is a picture on the large scale of what befalls every man. A service--we are all born to obedience, to depend on and follow some person or thing. There is only a choice of services; and …
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture
The Sin of Unbelief
Paul's Departure and Crown;
The Voice of Stern Rebuke
The LORD will strike you with wasting disease, with fever and inflammation, with scorching heat and drought, with blight and mildew, which will plague you until you perish.
The LORD will turn the rain of your country into dust and powder; it will come down from the skies until you are destroyed.
Therefore, because of you the heavens have withheld their dew and the earth its crops.
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