Ecclesiastes 5:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
If you see in a province the oppression of the poor and the violation of justice and righteousness, do not be amazed at the matter, for the high official is watched by a higher, and there are yet higher ones over them.

King James Bible
If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for he that is higher than the highest regardeth; and there be higher than they.

American Standard Version
If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and the violent taking away of justice and righteousness in a province, marvel not at the matter: for one higher than the high regardeth; and there are higher than they.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If thou shalt see the oppressions of the poor, and violent judgments, and justice perverted in the province, wonder not at this matter: for he that is high hath another higher, and there are others still higher than these:

English Revised Version
If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and the violent taking away of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter: for one higher than the high regardeth; and there be higher than they.

Webster's Bible Translation
If thou seest the oppression of the poor, and violent perversion of judgment and justice in a province, wonder not at the matter: for he that is higher than the highest regardeth; and there are higher than they.

Ecclesiastes 5:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"Be not hasty with thy mouth, and let not thy heart hasten to speak a word before God: for God is in heaven, and thou art upon earth; therefore let thy words be few. For by much business cometh dreaming, and by much talk the noise of fools." As we say in German: auf Flgeln fliegen [to flee on wings], auf Einem Auge nicht sehen [not to see with one eye], auf der Flte blasen [to blow on the flute], so in Heb. we say that one slandereth with (auf) his tongue (Psalm 15:3), or, as here, that he hasteth with his mouth, i.e., is forward with his mouth, inasmuch as the word goes before the thought. It is the same usage as when the post-bibl. Heb., in contradistinction to התורה שׁבּכתב, the law given in the Scripture, calls the oral law הת שׁבּעל־פּה, i.e., the law mediated על־פה, oraliter equals oralis traditio (Shabbath 31a; cf. Gittin 60b). The instrument and means is here regarded as the substratum of the action - as that which this lays as a foundation. The phrase: "to take on the lips," Psalm 16:4, which needs no explanation, is different. Regarding בּהל, festinare, which is, like מהר, the intens. of Kal, vid., once it occurs quite like our "sich beeilen" to hasten, with reflex. accus. suff., 2 Chronicles 35:21. Man, when he prays, should not give the reins to his tongue, and multiply words as one begins and repeats over a form which he has learnt, knowing certainly that it is God of whom and to whom he speaks, but without being conscious that God is an infinitely exalted Being, to whom one may not carelessly approach without collecting his thoughts, and irreverently, without lifting up his soul. As the heavens, God's throne, are exalted above the earth, the dwelling-place of man, so exalted is the heavenly God above earthly man, standing far beneath him; therefore ought the words of a man before God to be few, - few, well-chosen reverential words, in which one expresses his whole soul. The older language forms no plur. from the subst. מעט (fewness) used as an adv.; but the more recent treats it as an adj., and forms from it the plur. מעטּים (here and in Psalm 109:8, which bears the superscription le-david, but has the marks of Jeremiah's style); the post-bibl. places in the room of the apparent adj. the particip. adj. מועט with the plur. מוּעטים (מוּעטין), e.g., Berachoth 61a: "always let the words of a man before the Holy One (blessed be His name!) be few" (מוע). Few ought the words to be; for where they are many, it is not without folly. This is what is to be understood, Ecclesiastes 5:2, by the comparison; the two parts of the verse stand here in closer mutual relation than Ecclesiastes 7:1, - the proverb is not merely synthetical, but, like Job 5:7, parabolical. The ב is both times that of the cause. The dream happens, or, as we say, dreams happen ענין בּרב; not: by much labour; for labour in itself, as the expenditure of strength making one weary, has as its consequence, Ecclesiastes 5:11, sweet sleep undisturbed by dreams; but: by much self-vexation in a man's striving after high and remote ends beyond what is possible (Targ., in manifold project-making); the care of such a man transplants itself from the waking to the sleeping life, it if does not wholly deprive him of sleep, Ecclesiastes 5:11, Ecclesiastes 8:16, - all kinds of images of the labours of the day, and fleeting phantoms and terrifying pictures hover before his mind. And as dreams of such a nature appear when a man wearies himself inwardly as well as outwardly by the labours of the day, so, with the same inward necessity, where many words are spoken folly makes its appearance. Hitzig renders כסיל, in the connection קול כּ, as adj.; but, like אויל (which forms an adj. ěvīlī), כסיל is always a subst., or, more correctly, it is a name occurring always only of a living being, never of a thing. There is sound without any solid content, mere blustering bawling without sense and intelligence. The talking of a fool is in itself of this kind (Ecclesiastes 10:14); but if one who is not just a fool falls into much talk, it is scarcely possible but that in this flow of words empty bombast should appear.

Another rule regarding the worship of God refers to vowing.

Ecclesiastes 5:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

thou seest

Ecclesiastes 3:16 And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, that wickedness was there; and the place of righteousness...

Ecclesiastes 4:1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed...

Psalm 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, said the LORD...

Psalm 55:9 Destroy, O Lord, and divide their tongues: for I have seen violence and strife in the city.

Psalm 58:11 So that a man shall say, Truly there is a reward for the righteous: truly he is a God that judges in the earth.

Proverbs 8:17 I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me.

Habakkuk 1:2,3,13 O LORD, how long shall I cry, and you will not hear! even cry out to you of violence, and you will not save!...

marvel

Zechariah 8:6 Thus said the LORD of hosts; If it be marvelous in the eyes of the remnant of this people in these days...

1 John 3:13 Marvel not, my brothers, if the world hate you.

Revelation 17:6,7 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her...

matter

Isaiah 10:5-7,12 O Assyrian, the rod of my anger, and the staff in their hand is my indignation...

Isaiah 46:10,11 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand...

Habakkuk 1:12 Are you not from everlasting, O LORD my God, my Holy One? we shall not die. O LORD, you have ordained them for judgment; and...

Acts 4:27,28 For of a truth against your holy child Jesus, whom you have anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles...

Romans 11:33 O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!

for

Isaiah 57:15 For thus said the high and lofty One that inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy; I dwell in the high and holy place...

Luke 1:32,35,76 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give to him the throne of his father David...

regardeth

1 Kings 21:19,20 And you shall speak to him, saying, Thus said the LORD, Have you killed, and also taken possession? And you shall speak to him, saying...

Job 20:19-29 Because he has oppressed and has forsaken the poor; because he has violently taken away an house which he built not...

Job 27:8-23 For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he has gained, when God takes away his soul...

Psalm 10:17,18 LORD, you have heard the desire of the humble: you will prepare their heart, you will cause your ear to hear...

Psalm 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, said the LORD...

Psalm 58:10,11 The righteous shall rejoice when he sees the vengeance: he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked...

Psalm 82:1 God stands in the congregation of the mighty; he judges among the gods.

Psalm 83:18 That men may know that you, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, are the most high over all the earth.

Psalm 140:11,12 Let not an evil speaker be established in the earth: evil shall hunt the violent man to overthrow him...

Isaiah 3:15 What mean you that you beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? said the Lord GOD of hosts.

Isaiah 6:2-6,12 Above it stood the seraphim: each one had six wings; with two he covered his face, and with two he covered his feet...

Isaiah 8:4-7 For before the child shall have knowledge to cry, My father, and my mother...

Micah 2:1-3,9 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it...

Micah 3:1-4,9-12 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and you princes of the house of Israel; Is it not for you to know judgment...

Micah 6:10-13 Are there yet the treasures of wickedness in the house of the wicked, and the scant measure that is abominable...

Zechariah 7:9-13 Thus speaks the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and show mercy and compassions every man to his brother...

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers...

James 2:13 For he shall have judgment without mercy, that has showed no mercy; and mercy rejoices against judgment.

James 5:2-7 Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are moth-eaten...

higher than they

1 Chronicles 21:15,16 And God sent an angel to Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he repented him of the evil...

Psalm 95:3 For the LORD is a great God, and a great King above all gods.

Isaiah 37:36 Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand...

Matthew 13:41,42 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend...

Acts 12:7-10,23 And, behold, the angel of the Lord came on him, and a light shined in the prison: and he smote Peter on the side, and raised him up...

Cross References
1 Peter 4:12
Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery trial when it comes upon you to test you, as though something strange were happening to you.

Proverbs 22:16
Whoever oppresses the poor to increase his own wealth, or gives to the rich, will only come to poverty.

Proverbs 24:12
If you say, "Behold, we did not know this," does not he who weighs the heart perceive it? Does not he who keeps watch over your soul know it, and will he not repay man according to his work?

Ecclesiastes 3:16
Moreover, I saw under the sun that in the place of justice, even there was wickedness, and in the place of righteousness, even there was wickedness.

Ecclesiastes 4:1
Again I saw all the oppressions that are done under the sun. And behold, the tears of the oppressed, and they had no one to comfort them! On the side of their oppressors there was power, and there was no one to comfort them.

Ecclesiastes 5:9
But this is gain for a land in every way: a king committed to cultivated fields.

Ecclesiastes 7:7
Surely oppression drives the wise into madness, and a bribe corrupts the heart.

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