Esther 6:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Then Mordecai returned to the king’s gate. But Haman hurried to his house, mourning and with his head covered.

King James Bible
And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house mourning, and having his head covered.

American Standard Version
And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house, mourning and having his head covered.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But Mardochai returned to the palace gate: and Aman made haste to go to his house, mourning and having his head covered:

English Revised Version
And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house, mourning and having his head covered.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house mourning, and having his head covered.

Esther 6:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

As soon as he enters the king asks: What is to be done to the man in whose honour the king delighteth? i.e., whom he delights to honour. And Haman, thinking (בּלבּו אמר, to say in one's heart, i.e., to think) to whom will the king delight to show honour more than to me (ממּבּי יותר, projecting before me, surpassing me, hence adverbially, beyond me, e.g., Ecclesiastes 12:12, comp. Ecclesiastes 2:15; Ecclesiastes 7:11, Ecclesiastes 7:16)? votes immediately for the greatest possible mark of honour, and says, Esther 6:7.: "As for the man in whose honour the king delighteth, let them bring the royal apparel with which the king has been clothed, and a horse on which the king has ridden, and the king's crown upon his head, and let them deliver this apparel and horse to one of the chief princes of the king, and let them array (i.e., with the royal apparel) the man in whose honour the king delighteth, and cause him to ride upon the horse through the streets of the city, and proclaim before him: Thus shall it be done to the man in whose honour the king delighteth." וגו אשׁר אישׁ, Esther 6:7, precedes absolutely, and the predicate does not follow till והלבּישׁוּ, Esther 6:9, where the preceding subject is now by an anacoluthon taken up in the accusative (את־האישׁ). Several clauses are inserted between, for the purpose of enumerating beforehand all that appertains to such a token of honour: a royal garment, a royal steed, a crown on the head, and one of the chief princes for the carrying out of the honour awarded. The royal garment is not only, as Bertheau justly remarks, such a one as the king is accustomed to wear, but, as is shown by the perf. לבשׁ, one which the king has himself already put on or worn. Hence it is not an ordinary state-robe, the so-called Median apparel which the king himself, the chief princes among the Persians, and those on whom the king bestowed such raiment were wont to appear in (Herod. 3.84, 7.116; Xenoph. Cyrop. 8.3.1, comp. with the note of Baehr on Her. 3.84), but a costly garment, the property of the sovereign himself. This was the highest mark of honour that could be shown to a subject. So too was the riding upon a horse on which the king had ridden, and whose head was adorned with a royal crown. נתּן is perf. Niph., not 1st pers. pl. imperf. Kal, as Maurer insists; and בּראשׁו אשׁר refers to the head of the horse, not to the head of the man to be honoured, as Clericus, Rambach, and most ancient expositors explain the words, in opposition to the natural sense of - בּראשׁו נתּן אשׁר. We do not indeed find among classical writers any testimony to such an adornment of the royal steed; but the circumstance is not at all improbable, and seems to be corroborated by ancient remains, certain Assyrian and ancient Persian sculptures, representing the horses of the king, and apparently those of princes, with ornaments on their heads terminating in three points, which may be regarded as a kind of crown. The infin. absol. ונתון is a continuation of the preceding jussive יביאוּ: and they shall give, let them give the garment - to the hand of a man, i.e., hand or deliver to him. The garment and horse are to be delivered to one of the noblest princes, that he may bring them to the individual to be honoured, may array him in the garment, set him on the horse, and proclaim before him as he rides through the city, etc. On הפּרתּמים, comp. Esther 1:4, and on the matter itself, Genesis 41:43. רחוב is either an open square, the place of public assemblage, the forum, or a collective signifying the wide streets of the city. יעשׂה כּכה as in Deuteronomy 25:9 and elsewhere.

Esther 6:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

came again.

Esther 2:19 And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate.

1 Samuel 3:15 And Samuel lay until the morning, and opened the doors of the house of the LORD. And Samuel feared to show Eli the vision.

Psalm 131:1,2 Lord, my heart is not haughty, nor my eyes lofty: neither do I exercise myself in great matters, or in things too high for me...

hasted to his house.

2 Samuel 17:23 And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his donkey, and arose, and got him home to his house, to his city...

1 Kings 20:43 And the king of Israel went to his house heavy and displeased, and came to Samaria.

1 Kings 21:4 And Ahab came into his house heavy and displeased because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him: for he had said...

2 Chronicles 26:20 And Azariah the chief priest, and all the priests, looked on him, and, behold, he was leprous in his forehead...

Job 20:5 That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment?

having.

Esther 7:8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine...

2 Samuel 15:30 And David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot...

Job 9:24 The earth is given into the hand of the wicked: he covers the faces of the judges thereof; if not, where, and who is he?

Jeremiah 14:3,4 And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, and found no water...

Cross References
2 Samuel 15:30
But David went up the ascent of the Mount of Olives, weeping as he went, barefoot and with his head covered. And all the people who were with him covered their heads, and they went up, weeping as they went.

Esther 6:11
So Haman took the robes and the horse, and he dressed Mordecai and led him through the square of the city, proclaiming before him, "Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delights to honor."

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