Exodus 12:40
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The time that the people of Israel lived in Egypt was 430 years.

King James Bible
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

American Standard Version
Now the time that the children of Israel dwelt in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the abode of the children of Israel that they made in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

English Revised Version
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, which they sojourned in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

Exodus 12:40 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

This urgency of the Egyptians compelled the Israelites to take the dough, which they were probably about to bake for their journey, before it was leavened, and also their kneading-troughs bound up in their clothes (cloths) upon their shoulders. שׂמלה, ἱμάτιον, was a large square piece of stuff or cloth, worn above the under-clothes, and could be easily used for tying up different things together. The Israelites had intended to leaven the dough, therefore, as the command to eat unleavened bread for seven days had not been given to them yet. But under the pressure of necessity they were obliged to content themselves with unleavened bread, or, as it is called in Deuteronomy 16:3, "the bread of affliction," during the first days of their journey. But as the troubles connected with their departure from Egypt were merely the introduction to the new life of liberty and grace, so according to the counsel of God the bread of affliction was to become a holy food to Israel; the days of their exodus being exalted by the Lord into a seven days' feast, in which the people of Jehovah were to commemorate to all ages their deliverance from the oppression of Egypt. The long-continued eating of unleavened bread, on account of the pressure of circumstances, formed the historical preparation for the seven days' feast of Mazzoth, which was instituted afterwards. Hence this circumstance is mentioned both here and in Exodus 12:39. On Exodus 12:35, Exodus 12:36, see Exodus 3:21-22.

Exodus 12:40 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The Samaritan Pentateuch reads, 'Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, and of their fathers in the land of Canaan and in the land of Egypt, was

430 years.' The Alexandrine copy of the LXX. has the same reading; and the same statement is made by the apostle Paul, in

Galatians 3:17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after...

, who reckons from the promise made to Abraham to the giving of the law. That these three witnesses have the truth, the chronology itself proves; for it is evident that the descendants of Israel did not dwell

430 years in Egypt; while it is equally evident, that the period from Abraham's entry into Canaan to the Exodus, is exactly that number. Thus, from Abraham's entrance into the promised land to the birth of Isaac, was

25 years; Isaac was

60 at the birth of Jacob; Jacob was

130 at his going into Egypt; where he and his children continued

215 years more; making in the whole

430 years. sojourning.

Acts 13:17 The God of this people of Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they dwelled as strangers in the land of Egypt...

Hebrews 11:9 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob...

for hundred

Genesis 12:1-3 Now the LORD had said to Abram, Get you out of your country, and from your kindred, and from your father's house...

Genesis 15:13 And he said to Abram, Know of a surety that your seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them...

Acts 7:6 And God spoke on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange land; and that they should bring them into bondage...

Galatians 3:16,17 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He said not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to your seed...

Cross References
Acts 7:6
And God spoke to this effect--that his offspring would be sojourners in a land belonging to others, who would enslave them and afflict them four hundred years.

Galatians 3:17
This is what I mean: the law, which came 430 years afterward, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to make the promise void.

Genesis 15:13
Then the LORD said to Abram, "Know for certain that your offspring will be sojourners in a land that is not theirs and will be servants there, and they will be afflicted for four hundred years.

Genesis 15:16
And they shall come back here in the fourth generation, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete."

Exodus 3:10
Come, I will send you to Pharaoh that you may bring my people, the children of Israel, out of Egypt."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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