New Living Translation
The people of Israel had lived in Egypt for 430 years.
King James Bible
Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.
Darby Bible Translation
And the residence of the children of Israel that they resided in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.
World English Bible
Now the time that the children of Israel lived in Egypt was four hundred thirty years.
Young's Literal Translation
And the dwelling of the sons of Israel which they have dwelt in Egypt is four hundred and thirty years;
Exodus 12:40 Parallel
CommentaryWesley's Notes on the Bible
12:40 It was just four hundred and thirty years from the promise made to Abraham (as the Apostle explains it, Gal 3:17,) at his first coming into Canaan, during all which time the Hebrews, were sojourners in a land that was not theirs, either Canaan or Egypt. So long the promise God made to Abraham lay dormant and unfulfilled, but now, it revived, and things began to work towards the accomplishment of it. The first day of the march of Abraham's seed towards Canaan was four hundred and thirty years (it should seem, to a day) from the promise made to Abraham, Gen 12:2. I will make of thee a great nation.
That a Christian ought necessarily to prepare himself before he presume to be a partaker of the holy communion, may evidently appear by five reasons:-- First, Because it is God's commandment; for if he commanded, under the pain of death, that none uncircumcised should eat the paschal lamb (Exod. xii. 48), nor any circumcised under four days preparation, how much greater preparation does he require of him that comes to receive the sacrament of his body and blood? which, as it succeeds, so doth it …
Lewis Bayly—The Practice of Piety
The Reaction against Egypt
The Typical Significance of the Scriptures Declare their Divine Authorship
Preparation for Passover. Disciples Contend for Precedence.
God also told him that his descendants would live in a foreign land, where they would be oppressed as slaves for 400 years.
This is what I am trying to say: The agreement God made with Abraham could not be canceled 430 years later when God gave the law to Moses. God would be breaking his promise.
Then the LORD said to Abram, "You can be sure that your descendants will be strangers in a foreign land, where they will be oppressed as slaves for 400 years.
After four generations your descendants will return here to this land, for the sins of the Amorites do not yet warrant their destruction."
Now go, for I am sending you to Pharaoh. You must lead my people Israel out of Egypt."
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