Exodus 18:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods, because in this affair they dealt arrogantly with the people.”

King James Bible
Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them.

American Standard Version
Now I know that Jehovah is greater than all gods; yea, in the thing wherein they dealt proudly against them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now I know that the Lord is great above all gods: because they dealt proudly against them.

English Revised Version
Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods: yea, in the thing wherein they dealt proudly against them.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods: for in the thing in which they dealt proudly, he was above them.

Exodus 18:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Amalekites had met Israel with hostility, as the prototype of the heathen who would strive against the people and kingdom of God. But Jethro, the Midianitish priest, appeared immediately after in the camp of Israel, not only as Moses' father-in-law, to bring back his wife and children, but also with a joyful acknowledgement of all that Jehovah had done to the Israelites in delivering them from Egypt, to offer burnt-offerings to the God of Israel, and to celebrate a sacrificial meal with Moses, Aaron, and all the elders of Israel; so that in the person of Jethro the first-fruits of the heathen, who would hereafter seek the living God, entered into religious fellowship with the people of God. As both the Amalekites and Midianites were descended from Abraham, and stood in blood-relationship to Israel, the different attitudes which they assumed towards the Israelites foreshadowed and typified the twofold attitude which the heathen world would assume towards the kingdom of God. (On Jethro, see Exodus 2:18; on Moses' wife and sons, see Exodus 2:21-22; and on the expression in Exodus 18:2, "after he had sent her back," Exodus 4:26.) - Jethro came to Moses "into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God." The mount of God is Horeb (Exodus 3:1); and the place of encampment is Rephidim, at Horeb, i.e., at the spot where the Sheikh valley opens into the plain of er Rahah (Exodus 17:1). This part is designated as a wilderness; and according to Robinson (1, pp. 130, 131) the district round this valley and plain is "naked desert," and "wild and desolate." The occasion for Jethro the priest to bring back to his son-in-law his wife and children was furnished by the intelligence which had reached him, that Jehovah had brought Israel out of Egypt (Exodus 18:1), and, as we may obviously supply, had led them to Horeb. When Moses sent his wife and sons back to Jethro, he probably stipulated that they were to return to him on the arrival of the Israelites at Horeb. For when God first called Moses at Horeb, He foretold to him that Israel would be brought to this mountain on its deliverance from Egypt (Exodus 3:12).

(Note: Kurtz (Hist. of O. C. iii. 46, 53) supposes that it was chiefly the report of the glorious result of the battle with Amalek which led Jethro to resolve to bring Moses' family back to him. There is no statement, however, to this effect in the biblical text, but rather the opposite, namely, that what Jethro had heard of all that God had done to Moses and Israel consisted of the fact that Jehovah had brought Israel out of Egypt. Again, there are not sufficient grounds for placing the arrival of Jethro at the camp of Israel, in the desert of Sinai and after the giving of the law, as Ranke has done. For the fact that the mount of God is mentioned as the place of encampment at the time, is an argument in favour of Rephidim, rather than against it, as we have already shown. And we can see no force in the assertion that the circumstances, in which we find the people, point rather to the longer stay at Sinai, than to the passing halt at Rephidim. For how do we know that the stay at Rephidim was such a passing one, that it would not afford time enough for Jethro's visit? It is true that, according to the ordinary assumption, only half a month intervened between the arrival of the Israelites in the desert of Sin and their arrival in the desert of Sinai; but within this space of time everything might have taken place that is said to have occurred on the march from the former to the latter place of encampment. It is not stated in the biblical text that seven days were absorbed in the desert of Sin alone, but only that the Israelites spent a Sabbath there, and had received manna a few days before, so that three or four days (say from Thursday to Saturday inclusive) would amply suffice for all that took place. If the Israelites, therefore, encamped there in the evening of the 15th, they might have moved farther on the morning of the 19th or 20th, and after a two days' journey by Dofkah and Alush have reached Rephidim on the 21st or 22nd. They could then have fought the battle with the Amalekites the following day, so that Jethro might have come to the camp on the 24th or 25th, and held the sacrificial meal with the Israelites the next day. In that case there would still be four or five days left for him to see Moses sitting in judgment a whole day long (Exodus 18:13), and for the introduction of the judicial arrangements proposed by Jethro; - amply sufficient time, inasmuch as one whole day would suffice for the sight of the judicial sitting, which is said to have taken place the day after the sacrificial meal (Exodus 18:13). And the election of judges on the part of the people, for which Moses gave directions in accordance with Jethro's advice, might easily have been carried out in two days. For, on the one hand, it is most probable that after Jethro had watched this severe and exhausting occupation of Moses for a whole day, he spoke to Moses on the subject the very same evening, and laid his plan before him; and on the other hand, the execution of this plan did not require a very long time, as the people were not scattered over a whole country, but were collected together in one camp. Moreover, Moses carried on all his negotiations with the people through the elders as their representatives; and the judges were not elected in modern fashion by universal suffrage, but were nominated by the people, i.e., by the natural representatives of the nation, from the body of elders, according to their tribes, and then appointed by Moses himself. - Again, it is by no means certain that Israel arrived at the desert of Sinai on the first day of the third month, and that only half a month (15 or 16 days) elapsed between their arrival in the desert of sin and their encamping at Sinai (cf. Exodus 19:1). And lastly, though Kurtz still affirms that Jethro lived on the other side of the Elanitic Gulf, and did not set out till he heard of the defeat of the Amalekites, in which case a whole month might easily intervene between the victory of Israel and the arrival of Jethro, the two premises upon which this conclusion is based, are assumptions without foundation, as we have already shown at Exodus 3:1 in relation to the former, and have just shown in relation to the latter.)

Exodus 18:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

now I

Exodus 9:16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised you up, for to show in you my power...

1 Kings 17:24 And the woman said to Elijah, Now by this I know that you are a man of God, and that the word of the LORD in your mouth is truth.

2 Kings 5:15 And he returned to the man of God, he and all his company, and came, and stood before him: and he said, Behold...

the Lord

Exodus 15:11 Who is like to you, O LORD, among the gods? who is like you, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?

1 Chronicles 16:25 For great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised: he also is to be feared above all gods.

2 Chronicles 2:5 And the house which I build is great: for great is our God above all gods.

Psalm 95:3 For the LORD is a great God, and a great King above all gods.

Psalm 97:9 For you, LORD, are high above all the earth: you are exalted far above all gods.

Psalm 135:5 For I know that the LORD is great, and that our Lord is above all gods.

in the thing

Exodus 1:10,16,22 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falls out any war...

Exodus 5:2,7 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go...

Exodus 14:8,18 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel...

proudly

Exodus 9:17 As yet exalt you yourself against my people, that you will not let them go?

Exodus 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh, and said to him, Thus said the LORD God of the Hebrews...

1 Samuel 2:3 Talk no more so exceeding proudly; let not arrogance come out of your mouth: for the LORD is a God of knowledge...

Nehemiah 9:10,16,29 And showed signs and wonders on Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land...

Job 40:11,12 Cast abroad the rage of your wrath: and behold every one that is proud, and abase him...

Psalm 31:23 O love the LORD, all you his saints: for the LORD preserves the faithful, and plentifully rewards the proud doer.

Psalm 119:21 You have rebuked the proud that are cursed, which do err from your commandments.

Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honor the King of heaven, all whose works are truth, and his ways judgment...

Luke 1:51 He has showed strength with his arm; he has scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts.

James 4:6 But he gives more grace. Why he said, God resists the proud, but gives grace to the humble.

1 Peter 5:5 Likewise, you younger, submit yourselves to the elder. Yes, all of you be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility...

Cross References
Luke 1:51
He has shown strength with his arm; he has scattered the proud in the thoughts of their hearts;

Exodus 12:12
For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD.

Exodus 15:11
"Who is like you, O LORD, among the gods? Who is like you, majestic in holiness, awesome in glorious deeds, doing wonders?

2 Chronicles 2:5
The house that I am to build will be great, for our God is greater than all gods.

Psalm 95:3
For the LORD is a great God, and a great King above all gods.

Psalm 97:9
For you, O LORD, are most high over all the earth; you are exalted far above all gods.

Psalm 135:5
For I know that the LORD is great, and that our Lord is above all gods.

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