Exodus 39:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They attached the two ends of the two cords to the two settings of filigree. Thus they attached it in front to the shoulder pieces of the ephod.

King James Bible
And the two ends of the two wreathen chains they fastened in the two ouches, and put them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod, before it.

American Standard Version
And the other two ends of the two wreathen chains they put on the two settings, and put them on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, in the forepart thereof.

Douay-Rheims Bible
These both before and behind so answered one another, that the ephod and the rational were bound together,

English Revised Version
And the other two ends of the two wreathen chains they put on the two ouches, and put them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod, in the forepart thereof.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the two ends of the two wreathed chains they fastened in the two ouches, and put them on the shoulder-pieces of the ephod, before it.

Exodus 39:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Preparation of the priests' clothes. - Previous to the description of the dress itself, we have a statement in Exodus 39:1 of the materials employed, and the purpose to which they were devoted ("cloths of service," see at Exodus 31:10). The robes consisted of the ephod (Exodus 39:2-7, as in Exodus 28:6-12), the choshen or breastplate (Exodus 39:8-21, as in Exodus 28:15-29), the mel or over-coat (Exodus 39:22-26, as in Exodus 28:31-34); the body-coats, turbans, drawers, and girdles, for Aaron and his sons (Exodus 39:27-29, as in Exodus 28:39-40, and Exodus 28:42). The Urim and Thummim are not mentioned (cf. Exodus 28:30). The head-dresses of the ordinary priests, which are simply called "bonnets" in Exodus 28:40, are called "goodly bonnets" or "ornamental caps" in Exodus 39:28 of this chapter (מגבּעת פּארי, from פּאר an ornament, cf. פּאר ornatus fuit). The singular, "girdle," in Exodus 39:29, with the definite article, "the girdle," might appear to refer simply to Aaron's girdle, i.e., the girdle of the high priest; but as there is no special description of the girdles of Aaron's sons (the ordinary priests) in Exodus 29:40, where they are distinctly mentioned and called by the same name (abnet) as the girdle of Aaron himself, we can only conclude that they were of the same materials and the same form and make as the latter, and that the singular, האבנט, is used here either in the most general manner, or as a generic noun in a collective sense (see Ges. 109, 1). The last thing mentioned is the diadem upon Aaron's turban (Exodus 39:30, Exodus 39:31, as in Exodus 28:36-38), so that the order in which the priests' robes are given here is analogous to the position in which the ark of the covenant and the golden altar stand to one another in the directions concerning the sacred things in ch. 25-30. "For just as all the other things are there placed between the holy ark and the golden altar as the two poles, so here all the rest of the priests' robes are included between the shoulder-dress, the principal part of the official robes of the high priest, and the golden frontlet, the inscription upon which rendered it the most striking sign of the dignity of his office" (Baumgarten).

Exodus 39:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

two wreathen

Exodus 28:14 And two chains of pure gold at the ends; of wreathen work shall you make them, and fasten the wreathen chains to the ouches.

Songs 1:10 Your cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, your neck with chains of gold.

ephod

Exodus 39:2 And he made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.

Cross References
Exodus 28:7
It shall have two shoulder pieces attached to its two edges, so that it may be joined together.

Exodus 28:11
As a jeweler engraves signets, so shall you engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel. You shall enclose them in settings of gold filigree.

Exodus 39:17
And they put the two cords of gold in the two rings at the edges of the breastpiece.

Exodus 39:19
Then they made two rings of gold, and put them at the two ends of the breastpiece, on its inside edge next to the ephod.

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Attached Attaching Braided Chains Cords Embroidered Ends Ephod Fastened Filigree Fixed Forepart Frames Front Joined Ouches Over-Against Pieces Settings Shoulder Shoulderpieces Shoulder-Pieces Shoulders Straps Thereof Thick Wreathed Wreathen
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Attached Attaching Braided Chains Cords Embroidered Ends Ephod Fastened Filigree Fixed Forepart Frames Front Joined Ouches Over-Against Pieces Settings Shoulder Shoulderpieces Shoulder-Pieces Shoulders Straps Thereof Thick Wreathed Wreathen
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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