English Standard Version
The taskmasters were urgent, saying, “Complete your work, your daily task each day, as when there was straw.”
King James Bible
And the taskmasters hasted them, saying, Fulfil your works, your daily tasks, as when there was straw.
American Standard Version
And the taskmasters were urgent saying, Fulfil your works, your daily tasks, as when there was straw.
And the overseers of the works pressed them, saying: Fulfill your work every day as before you were wont to do when straw was given you.
English Revised Version
And the taskmasters were urgent, saying, Fulfill your works, your daily tasks, as when there was straw.
Webster's Bible Translation
And the task-masters hastened them, saying, Fulfill your works, your daily tasks, as when there was straw.
Exodus 5:13 Parallel
CommentaryKeil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament
As Pharaoh possessed neither fear of God (εὐσέβεια) nor fear of the gods, but, in the proud security of his might, determined to keep the Israelites as slaves, and to use them as tools for the glorifying of his kingdom by the erection of magnificent buildings, he suspected that their wish to go into the desert was nothing but an excuse invented by idlers, and prompted by a thirst for freedom, which might become dangerous to his kingdom, on account of the numerical strength of the people. He therefore thought that he could best extinguish such desires and attempts by increasing the oppression and adding to their labours. For this reason he instructed his bailiffs to abstain from delivering straw to the Israelites who were engaged in making bricks, and to let them gather it for themselves; but yet not to make the least abatement in the number (מתכּנת) to be delivered every day. בּעם הנּגשׂים, "those who urged the people on," were the bailiffs selected from the Egyptians and placed over the Israelitish workmen, the general managers of the work. Under them there were the שׁטרים (lit., writers, γραμματεῖς lxx, from שׁטר to write), who were chosen from the Israelites (vid., Exodus 5:14), and had to distribute the work among the people, and hand it over, when finished, to the royal officers. לבנים לבן: to make bricks, not to burn them; for the bricks in the ancient monuments of Egypt, and in many of the pyramids, are not burnt but dried in the sun (Herod. ii. 136; Hengst. Egypt and Books of Moses, pp. 2 and 79ff.). קשׁשׁ: a denom. verb from קשׁ, to gather stubble, then to stubble, to gather (Numbers 15:32-33). תּבן, of uncertain etymology, is chopped straw; here, the stubble that was left standing when the corn was reaped, or the straw that lay upon the ground. This they chopped up and mixed with the clay, to give greater durability to the bricks, as may be seen in bricks found in the oldest monuments (cf. Hgst. p. 79).
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
daily tasks. Heb. a matter of a day in his day.
Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with heavy burdens. They built for Pharaoh store cities, Pithom and Raamses.
The same day Pharaoh commanded the taskmasters of the people and their foremen,
So the people were scattered throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw.
And the foremen of the people of Israel, whom Pharaoh's taskmasters had set over them, were beaten and were asked, "Why have you not done all your task of making bricks today and yesterday, as in the past?"
Jump to PreviousAmount Complete Daily Drivers Driving Dry Exactors Fulfil Fulfill Full Haste Hasted Hastened Kept Labours Making Matter Overseers Pressed Pressing Quota Required Slave Stems Straw Task Taskmasters Task-Masters Tasks Urged Urgent Work Works
Jump to NextAmount Complete Daily Drivers Driving Dry Exactors Fulfil Fulfill Full Haste Hasted Hastened Kept Labours Making Matter Overseers Pressed Pressing Quota Required Slave Stems Straw Task Taskmasters Task-Masters Tasks Urged Urgent Work Works
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.