Ezra 2:64
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The whole assembly together was 42,360,

King James Bible
The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,

American Standard Version
The whole assembly together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,

Douay-Rheims Bible
All the multitudes as one man, were forty-two thousand three hundred and sixty:

English Revised Version
The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,

Webster's Bible Translation
The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and sixty,

Ezra 2:64 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Nethinim, i.e., temple-bondsmen, and the servants of Solomon, are reckoned together, thirty-five families of Nethinim and ten of the servants of Solomon being specified. The sum-total of these amounting only to 392, each family could only have averaged from eight to nine individuals. The sons of Akkub, Hagab and Asnah (Ezra 2:45, Ezra 2:46, and Ezra 2:50), are omitted in Nehemiah; the name Shalmai (Ezra 2:46) is in Nehemiah 7:48 written Salmai; and for נפיסים, Ezra 2:50, Nehemiah 7:52 has נפושׁסים, a form combined from נפוּסים and נפישׁים. All other variations relate only to differences of form. Because Ziha (ציהא, Ezra 2:43) again occurs in Nehemiah 11:21 as one of the chiefs of the Nethinim, and the names following seem to stand in the same series with it, Bertheau insists on regarding these names as those of divisions. This cannot, however, be correct; for Ziha is in Nehemiah 11:21 the name of an individual, and in the present list also the proper names are those of individuals, and only the sons of Ziha, Hasupha, etc., can be called families or divisions. Plural words alone, Mehunim and Nephisim, are names of races or nations; hence the sons of the Mehunim signify individuals belonging to the Mehunim, who, perhaps, after the victory of King Uzziah over that people, were as prisoners of war made vassals for the service of the sanctuary. So likewise may the sons of the Nephisim have been prisoners of war of the Ishmaelite race נפישׁ. Most of the families here named may, however, have been descendants of the Gibeonites (Joshua 9:21, Joshua 9:27). The servants of Solomon must not be identified with the Canaanite bond-servants mentioned 1 Kings 9:20., 2 Chronicles 8:7., but were probably prisoners of war of some other nation, whom Solomon sentenced to perform, as bondsmen, similar services to those imposed upon the Gibeonites. The sons of these servants are again mentioned in Nehemiah 11:3. In other passages they are comprised under the general term Nethinim, with whom they are here computed. Among the names, that of הצּבים פּכרת (Ezra 2:57), i.e., catcher of gazelles, is a singular one; the last name, אמי, is in Nehemiah 7:59 אמון.

Ezra 2:64 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

forty (Though the sum total, both here and in Nehemiah, is equal, namely,

42,360, yet the particulars reckoned up only make

29,818 in Ezra, and

31,089 in Nehemiah; and we find that Nehemiah mentions

1765 persons who are not in Ezra, and Ezra has

494 not mentioned in Nehemiah. This last circumstance, which seems to render all hope of reconciling them impossible, Mr. Alting thinks is the very point by which they can be reconciled; for, if we add Ezra's surplus to the sum in Nehemiah, and Nehemiah's surplus to the number in Ezra, they will both amount to

31,583; which subtracted from

42,360, leaves a deficiency of

10,777, which are not named because they did not belong to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, or to the priests, but to the other Israelitish tribes.)

Ezra 9:8 And now for a little space grace has been showed from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape...

Nehemiah 7:66-69 The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and three score...

Isaiah 10:20-22 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob...

Jeremiah 23:3 And I will gather the remnant of my flock out of all countries where I have driven them, and will bring them again to their folds...

Cross References
Ezra 2:63
The governor told them that they were not to partake of the most holy food, until there should be a priest to consult Urim and Thummim.

Ezra 2:65
besides their male and female servants, of whom there were 7,337, and they had 200 male and female singers.

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