Ezra 2:64
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The whole company numbered 42,360,

King James Bible
The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,

Darby Bible Translation
The whole congregation together was forty-two thousand three hundred and sixty,

World English Bible
The whole assembly together was forty-two thousand three hundred sixty,

Young's Literal Translation
All the assembly together is four myriad two thousand three hundred sixty,

Ezra 2:64 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

The Tirshatha - This is generally supposed to be Nehemiah, or the person who was the commandant; see Nehemiah 8:9; Nehemiah 10:1, for the word appears to be the name of an office. The Vulgate and Septuagint write it Atershatha, the Syriac and Arabic render it the princes of Judah. Some suppose the word to be Persian, but nothing like it of the same import occurs in that language at present. If, as Castel supposed, it signifies austerity, or that fear which is unpressed by the authority of a governor, it may come from ters, Fear, or tersh, Acid, the former from tarsidan, to Fear or Dread.

Should not eat of the most holy things - There was a high priest then, but no Urim and Thummim, these having been lost in the captivity.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

forty (Though the sum total, both here and in Nehemiah, is equal, namely,

42,360, yet the particulars reckoned up only make

29,818 in Ezra, and

31,089 in Nehemiah; and we find that Nehemiah mentions

1765 persons who are not in Ezra, and Ezra has

494 not mentioned in Nehemiah. This last circumstance, which seems to render all hope of reconciling them impossible, Mr. Alting thinks is the very point by which they can be reconciled; for, if we add Ezra's surplus to the sum in Nehemiah, and Nehemiah's surplus to the number in Ezra, they will both amount to

31,583; which subtracted from

42,360, leaves a deficiency of

10,777, which are not named because they did not belong to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, or to the priests, but to the other Israelitish tribes.)

Ezra 9:8 And now for a little space grace has been showed from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape...

Nehemiah 7:66-69 The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and three score...

Isaiah 10:20-22 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob...

Jeremiah 23:3 And I will gather the remnant of my flock out of all countries where I have driven them, and will bring them again to their folds...

Library
Altar and Temple
'And when the seventh month was come, and the children of Israel were in the cities, the people gathered themselves together as one man to Jerusalem. 2. Then stood up Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and his brethren the priests, and Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and his brethren, and builded the altar of the God of Israel, to offer burnt offerings thereon, as it is written in the law of Moses the man of God. 3. And they set the altar upon his bases; for fear was upon them because of the people of those
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

The Historical Books.
1. In the Pentateuch we have the establishment of the Theocracy, with the preparatory and accompanying history pertaining to it. The province of the historical books is to unfold its practiced working, and to show how, under the divine superintendence and guidance, it accomplished the end for which it was given. They contain, therefore, primarily, a history of God's dealings with the covenant people under the economy which he had imposed upon them. They look at the course of human events on the
E. P. Barrows—Companion to the Bible

Cross References
Ezra 2:63
The governor ordered them not to eat any of the most sacred food until there was a priest ministering with the Urim and Thummim.

Ezra 2:65
besides their 7,337 male and female slaves; and they also had 200 male and female singers.

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