Galatians 3:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Are you so foolish? Having begun by the Spirit, are you now being perfected by the flesh?

King James Bible
Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?

American Standard Version
Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now perfected in the flesh?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Are you so foolish, that, whereas you began in the Spirit, you would now be made perfect by the flesh?

English Revised Version
Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now perfected in the flesh?

Webster's Bible Translation
Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?

Weymouth New Testament
Are you so foolish? Having begun by the Spirit, are you now going to reach perfection through what is external?

Galatians 3:3 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

So foolish

Explained by what follows. Has your folly reached such a pitch as to reverse the true order of things? Comp. 1 Corinthians 15:46.

Having begun (ἐναρξάμενοι)

Po. Comp. Philippians 1:6; 2 Corinthians 8:6. Having commenced your Christian life. The verb is common in Class. in the sense of the beginning a sacrifice or other religious ceremony; but it is not likely that any such figurative suggestion is attached to it here, as Lightfoot.

In the Spirit (πνεύματι)

Or, by means of the Spirit. The Holy Spirit, as the inspirer and regulator of the life.

Are ye made perfect (ἐπιτελεῖσθε)

The word is found in connection with ἀνάρχεσθαι to begin, in 2 Corinthians 8:6; Philippians 1:6. The A.V. and Rev. render here in the passive voice. The active voice, always in N.T. with the object expressed, means to bring to completion. See Romans 15:28; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Philippians 1:6; Hebrews 8:5. The passive only 1 Peter 5:9. It is true that the verb in the middle voice is not found in either N.T. or lxx; but it is not uncommon in Class. and answers better to the middle ἀναρξάμενοι having begun. It implies more than bringing to an end; rather to a consummation. Rend.: having begun in the spirit are ye coming to completion in the flesh? The last phrase has an ironical tinge, suggesting the absurdity of expecting perfection on the Jewish basis of legal righteousness. The present tense indicates that they have already begun upon this attempt.

The flesh

The worldly principle or element of life, represented by the legal righteousness of the Jew.

Galatians 3:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

having.

Galatians 4:7-10 Why you are no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ...

Galatians 5:4-8 Christ is become of no effect to you, whoever of you are justified by the law; you are fallen from grace...

Galatians 6:12-14 As many as desire to make a fair show in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised...

Hebrews 7:16-19 Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life...

Hebrews 9:2,9,10 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the show bread...

Cross References
Ezekiel 18:24
But when a righteous person turns away from his righteousness and does injustice and does the same abominations that the wicked person does, shall he live? None of the righteous deeds that he has done shall be remembered; for the treachery of which he is guilty and the sin he has committed, for them he shall die.

Galatians 3:2
Let me ask you only this: Did you receive the Spirit by works of the law or by hearing with faith?

Galatians 3:4
Did you suffer so many things in vain--if indeed it was in vain?

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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