Galatians 3:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Did you suffer so many things in vain—if indeed it was in vain?

King James Bible
Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if it be yet in vain.

American Standard Version
Did ye suffer so many things in vain? if it be indeed in vain.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Have you suffered so great things in vain? If it be yet in vain.

English Revised Version
Did ye suffer so many things in vain? if it be indeed in vain.

Webster's Bible Translation
Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if it is yet in vain.

Weymouth New Testament
Have you endured such sufferings to no purpose--if indeed it has been to no purpose?

Galatians 3:4 Parallel
Vincent's Word Studies

Have ye suffered (ἐπάθετε)

Or, did ye suffer. The exact sense is doubtful. By some it is held that the reference is to sufferings endured by the Galatian Christians either through heathen persecutions or Judaising emissaries. There is, however, no record in this Epistle or elsewhere of the Galatians having suffered special persecutions on account of their Christian profession. Others take the verb in a neutral sense, have ye experienced, or with a definite reference to the experience of benefits. In this neutral sense it is used in Class. from Homer down, and is accordingly joined with both κακῶς evilly, and εὖ well. Paul habitually used it in the sense of suffering evil, and there is no decisive instance, either in N.T. or lxx, of the neutral sense. In Class., where it is used of the experience of benefits, it is always accompanied by some qualifying word. When it stands alone it signifies to suffer evil. The evidence on the whole makes very strongly for the meaning suffer; in which case the reference is, probably, to the annoyances suffered from Judaising Christians. It must be said, on the other hand, that a reference to such annoyances seems far-fetched. If we could translate did ye experience (so Weizscker, Lipsius, Sieffert), the reference would be to the impartation of the gifts of the Spirit.

In vain (εἰκῇ)

So that ye have fallen from the faith and missed the inheritance of suffering and the rich fruitage of your spiritual gifts. See Matthew 5:10-12; Romans 8:17; 2 Corinthians 4:17.

If it be yet in vain (εἴ γε καὶ εἰκῇ)

The A.V. misses the force of the particles. Καὶ should be closely joined with εἰκῇ, with the sense of really. If, that is, it be really in vain.

Galatians 3:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


Ezekiel 18:24 But when the righteous turns away from his righteousness, and commits iniquity...

Hebrews 6:4-6 For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift...

Hebrews 10:32-39 But call to remembrance the former days, in which, after you were illuminated, you endured a great fight of afflictions...

2 Peter 2:20-22 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ...

2 John 1:8 Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which we have worked, but that we receive a full reward.

so many. or, so great.

Cross References
Ezekiel 18:24
But when a righteous person turns away from his righteousness and does injustice and does the same abominations that the wicked person does, shall he live? None of the righteous deeds that he has done shall be remembered; for the treachery of which he is guilty and the sin he has committed, for them he shall die.

1 Corinthians 15:2
and by which you are being saved, if you hold fast to the word I preached to you--unless you believed in vain.

Galatians 3:3
Are you so foolish? Having begun by the Spirit, are you now being perfected by the flesh?

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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