Galatians 4:29
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
But just as at that time he who was born according to the flesh persecuted him who was born according to the Spirit, so also it is now.

King James Bible
But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.

American Standard Version
But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, so also it is now.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But as then he, that was born according to the flesh, persecuted him that was after the spirit; so also it is now.

English Revised Version
But as then he that was born after the flesh persecuted him that was born after the Spirit, even so it is now.

Webster's Bible Translation
But as then he that was born according to the flesh persecuted him that was born according to the Spirit, even so it is now.

Weymouth New Testament
Yet just as, at that time, the child born in the common course of nature persecuted the one whose birth was due to the power of the Spirit, so it is now.

Galatians 4:29 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Notwithstanding this higher grade of sonship, the children of promise, the spiritual children of Abraham, are persecuted by the Jews, the mere bodily children of Abraham, as Isaac was persecuted by Ishmael.

Persecuted (ἐδίωκε)

Comp. Genesis 21:9, where Ishmael is said to have mocked Isaac (lxx, παίζοντα μετὰ): but the Jewish tradition related that Ishmael said to Isaac: "Let us go and seek our portion in the field." And Ishmael took his bow and arrows and shot Isaac, pretending that he was in sport. Paul evidently meant something more than jeering.

After the Spirit (κατὰ πνεῦμα)

The divine Spirit, which was the living principle of the promise. Comp. Romans 4:17. The Spirit is called "the Spirit of the promise," Ephesians 1:13.

Galatians 4:29 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

he that.

Genesis 21:9 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born to Abraham, mocking.

after the Spirit.

John 3:5 Jesus answered, Truly, truly, I say to you, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.

John 15:9 As the Father has loved me, so have I loved you: continue you in my love.

Romans 8:1,13 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit...

even.

Galatians 5:11 And I, brothers, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offense of the cross ceased.

Galatians 6:12-14 As many as desire to make a fair show in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised...

Matthew 23:34-37 Why, behold, I send to you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them you shall kill and crucify...

1 Thessalonians 2:14,15 For you, brothers, became followers of the churches of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus...

Hebrews 10:33,34 Partly, whilst you were made a spectacle both by reproaches and afflictions; and partly...

Cross References
Genesis 21:9
But Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne to Abraham, laughing.

Galatians 4:23
But the son of the slave was born according to the flesh, while the son of the free woman was born through promise.

Galatians 5:11
But if I, brothers, still preach circumcision, why am I still being persecuted? In that case the offense of the cross has been removed.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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