Galatians 4:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not gods.

King James Bible
Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods.

American Standard Version
Howbeit at that time, not knowing God, ye were in bondage to them that by nature are no gods:

Douay-Rheims Bible
But then indeed, not knowing God, you served them, who, by nature, are not gods.

English Revised Version
Howbeit at that time, not knowing God, ye were in bondage to them which by nature are no gods:

Webster's Bible Translation
However then, when ye knew not God, ye did service to them which by nature are no gods.

Weymouth New Testament
But at one time, you Gentiles, having no knowledge of God, were slaves to gods which in reality do not exist.

Galatians 4:8 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Over against their filial freedom in Christ, Paul sets their lapse into subjection to the elements of the world (Galatians 4:3).

Knew not God

See on 2 Thessalonians 1:8.

Ye did service (ἐδουλεύσατε)

Better, were in bondage or were slaves.

By nature (φύσει)

Not denying their existence (comp. 1 Corinthians 8:5) but their deity. Emphasis on by nature. Comp. 1 Corinthians 10:20.

Galatians 4:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

when.

Exodus 5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.

Jeremiah 10:25 Pour out your fury on the heathen that know you not, and on the families that call not on your name: for they have eaten up Jacob...

John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.

Acts 17:23,30 For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD...

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind...

1 Corinthians 1:21 For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God...

Ephesians 2:11,12 Why remember, that you being in time past Gentiles in the flesh...

Ephesians 4:18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them...

1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

1 John 3:1 Behold, what manner of love the Father has bestowed on us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knows us not...

ye did.

Joshua 24:2,15 And Joshua said to all the people, Thus said the LORD God of Israel, Your fathers dwelled on the other side of the flood in old time...

Psalm 115:4-8 Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands...

Psalm 135:15-18 The idols of the heathen are silver and gold, the work of men's hands...

Isaiah 44:9-20 They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses...

Jeremiah 10:3-16 For the customs of the people are vain: for one cuts a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the ax...

Acts 14:12 And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker.

Acts 17:29 For as much then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like to gold, or silver, or stone...

Romans 1:23 And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four footed beasts...

1 Corinthians 8:4 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice to idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world...

1 Corinthians 10:19,20 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing...

1 Corinthians 12:2 You know that you were Gentiles, carried away to these dumb idols, even as you were led.

1 Thessalonians 1:9 For they themselves show of us what manner of entering in we had to you...

1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have worked the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts...

Cross References
2 Chronicles 13:9
Have you not driven out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and made priests for yourselves like the peoples of other lands? Whoever comes for ordination with a young bull or seven rams becomes a priest of what are not gods.

Isaiah 37:19
and have cast their gods into the fire. For they were no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone. Therefore they were destroyed.

Jeremiah 2:11
Has a nation changed its gods, even though they are no gods? But my people have changed their glory for that which does not profit.

Jeremiah 5:7
"How can I pardon you? Your children have forsaken me and have sworn by those who are no gods. When I fed them to the full, they committed adultery and trooped to the houses of whores.

Jeremiah 16:20
Can man make for himself gods? Such are not gods!"

1 Corinthians 1:21
For since, in the wisdom of God, the world did not know God through wisdom, it pleased God through the folly of what we preach to save those who believe.

1 Corinthians 8:4
Therefore, as to the eating of food offered to idols, we know that "an idol has no real existence," and that "there is no God but one."

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