Galatians 4:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Formerly, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those who by nature are not gods.

King James Bible
Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods.

Darby Bible Translation
But then indeed, not knowing God, ye were in bondage to those who by nature are not gods;

World English Bible
However at that time, not knowing God, you were in bondage to those who by nature are not gods.

Young's Literal Translation
But then, indeed, not having known God, ye were in servitude to those not by nature gods,

Galatians 4:8 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

When ye knew not God - Though it is evident, from the complexion of the whole of this epistle, that the great body of the Christians in the Churches of Galatia were converts from among the Jews or proselytes to Judaism; yet from this verse it appears that there were some who had been converted from heathenism; unless we suppose that the apostle here particularly addresses those who had been proselytes to Judaism and thence converted to Christianity; which appears to be most likely from the following verses.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

when.

Exodus 5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.

Jeremiah 10:25 Pour out your fury on the heathen that know you not, and on the families that call not on your name: for they have eaten up Jacob...

John 1:10 He was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not.

Acts 17:23,30 For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with this inscription, TO THE UNKNOWN GOD...

Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind...

1 Corinthians 1:21 For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God...

Ephesians 2:11,12 Why remember, that you being in time past Gentiles in the flesh...

Ephesians 4:18 Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them...

1 Thessalonians 4:5 Not in the lust of concupiscence, even as the Gentiles which know not God:

2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

1 John 3:1 Behold, what manner of love the Father has bestowed on us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knows us not...

ye did.

Joshua 24:2,15 And Joshua said to all the people, Thus said the LORD God of Israel, Your fathers dwelled on the other side of the flood in old time...

Psalm 115:4-8 Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands...

Psalm 135:15-18 The idols of the heathen are silver and gold, the work of men's hands...

Isaiah 44:9-20 They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses...

Jeremiah 10:3-16 For the customs of the people are vain: for one cuts a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the ax...

Acts 14:12 And they called Barnabas, Jupiter; and Paul, Mercurius, because he was the chief speaker.

Acts 17:29 For as much then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like to gold, or silver, or stone...

Romans 1:23 And changed the glory of the incorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and four footed beasts...

1 Corinthians 8:4 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice to idols, we know that an idol is nothing in the world...

1 Corinthians 10:19,20 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing...

1 Corinthians 12:2 You know that you were Gentiles, carried away to these dumb idols, even as you were led.

1 Thessalonians 1:9 For they themselves show of us what manner of entering in we had to you...

1 Peter 4:3 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have worked the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts...

Library
May 7. "I Travail in Birth Again Until Christ be Formed in You" (Gal. Iv. 19).
"I travail in birth again until Christ be formed in you" (Gal. iv. 19). It is a blessed moment when we are born again and a new heart is created in us after the image of God. It is a more blessed moment when in this new heart Christ Himself is born and the Christmas time is reproduced in us as we, in some real sense, become incarnations of the living Christ. This is the deepest and holiest meaning of Christianity. It is expressed in Paul's prayer for the Galatians. "My little children, for whom I
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Adoption --The Spirit and the Cry
The divinity of each of these sacred persons is also to be gathered from the text and its connection. We do not doubt tee the loving union of all in the work of deliverance. We reverence the Father, without whom we had not been chosen or adopted: the Father who hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. We love and reverence the Son by whose most precious blood we have been redeemed, and with whom we are one in a mystic and everlasting union: and
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 24: 1878

The Gospel Message, Good Tidings
[As it is written] How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the Gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! T he account which the Apostle Paul gives of his first reception among the Galatians (Galatians 4:15) , exemplifies the truth of this passage. He found them in a state of ignorance and misery; alienated from God, and enslaved to the blind and comfortless superstitions of idolatry. His preaching, accompanied with the power of the Holy Spirit, had a great and marvellous effect.
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 2

How Can I Obtain Faith?
May the Spirit of God assist us while we meditate upon the way by which faith cometh. This shall be followed by a brief indication of certain obstructions which often lie in that way; and then we will conclude by dwelling upon the importance that faith should come to us by that appointed road. I. First, then, THE WAY BY WHICH FAITH COMES TO MEN. "Faith cometh by hearing." It may help to set the truth out more clearly, if we say, negatively, that it does not come by any other process than by hearing;--not
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 18: 1872

Cross References
2 Chronicles 13:9
But didn't you drive out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and make priests of your own as the peoples of other lands do? Whoever comes to consecrate himself with a young bull and seven rams may become a priest of what are not gods.

Isaiah 37:19
They have thrown their gods into the fire and destroyed them, for they were not gods but only wood and stone, fashioned by human hands.

Jeremiah 2:11
Has a nation ever changed its gods? (Yet they are not gods at all.) But my people have exchanged their glorious God for worthless idols.

Jeremiah 5:7
"Why should I forgive you? Your children have forsaken me and sworn by gods that are not gods. I supplied all their needs, yet they committed adultery and thronged to the houses of prostitutes.

Jeremiah 16:20
Do people make their own gods? Yes, but they are not gods!"

1 Corinthians 1:21
For since in the wisdom of God the world through its wisdom did not know him, God was pleased through the foolishness of what was preached to save those who believe.

1 Corinthians 8:4
So then, about eating food sacrificed to idols: We know that "An idol is nothing at all in the world" and that "There is no God but one."

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