Genesis 10:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites. Afterward the clans of the Canaanites dispersed.

King James Bible
And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.

American Standard Version
and the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanite spread abroad.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Aradian, the Samarite, and the Hamathite: and afterwards the families of the Chanaanites were spread abroad.

English Revised Version
and the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanite spread abroad.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites dispersed.

Genesis 10:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

From Canaan descended "Zidon his first-born, and Heth." Although Zidon occurs in Genesis 10:19 and throughout the Old Testament as the name of the oldest capital of the Phoenicians, here it must be regarded as the name of a person, not only because of the apposition "his first-born," and the verb ילד, "begat," but also because the name of a city does not harmonize with the names of the other descendants of Canaan, the analogy of which would lead us to expect the nomen gentile "Sidonian" (Judges 3:3, etc.); and lastly, because the word Zidon, from צוּד to hunt, to catch, is not directly applicable to a sea-port and commercial town, and there are serious objections upon philological grounds to Justin's derivation, "quam a piscium ubertate Sidona appellaverunt, nam piscem Phoenices Sidon vocant" (var. hist. 18, 3). Heth is also the name of a person, from which the term Hittite (Genesis 25:9; Numbers 13:29), equivalent to "sons of Heth" (Genesis 23:5), is derived. "The Jebusite:" inhabitants of Jebus, afterwards called Jerusalem. "The Amorite:" not the inhabitants of the mountain or heights, for the derivation from אמיר, "summit," is not established, but a branch of the Canaanites, descended from Emor (Amor), which was spread far and wide over the mountains of Judah and beyond the Jordan in the time of Moses, so that in Genesis 15:16; Genesis 48:22, all the Canaanites are comprehended by the name. "The Girgashites," Γεργεσαῖος (lxx), are also mentioned in Genesis 15:21; Deuteronomy 7:1, and Joshua 24:11; but their dwelling-place is unknown, as the reading Γεργεσηνοί in Matthew 8:28 is critically suspicious. "The Hivites" dwelt in Sichem (Genesis 34:2), at Gibeon (Joshua 9:7), and at the foot of Hermon (Joshua 11:3); the meaning of the word is uncertain. "The Arkites:" inhabitants of Ἀρκή, to the north of Tripolis at the foot of Lebanon, the ruins of which still exist (vid., Robinson). "The Sinite:" the inhabitants of Sin or Sinna, a place in Lebanon not yet discovered. "The Arvadite," or Aradians, occupied from the eighth century before Christ, the small rocky island of Arados to the north of Tripolis. "The Zemarite:" the inhabitants of Simyra in Eleutherus. "The Hamathite:" the inhabitants or rather founders of Hamath on the most northerly border of Palestine (Numbers 13:21; Numbers 34:8), afterwards called Epiphania, on the river Orontes, the present Hamh, with 100,000 inhabitants. The words in Genesis 10:18, "and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad," mean that they all proceeded from one local centre as branches of the same tribe, and spread themselves over the country, the limits of which are given in two directions, with evident reference to the fact that it was afterwards promised to the seed of Abraham for its inheritance, viz., from north to south, - "from Sidon, in the direction (lit., as thou comest) towards Gerar (see Genesis 20:1), unto Gaza," the primitive Avvite city of the Philistines (Deuteronomy 2:23), now called Guzzeh, at the S.W. corner of Palestine, - and thence from west to east, in the direction towards Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim (see Genesis 19:24) to Lesha," i.e., Calirrhoe, a place with sulphur baths, on the eastern side of the Dead Sea, in Wady Serka Maein (Seetzen and Ritter).

Genesis 10:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Arvadite.

Ezekiel 27:8 The inhabitants of Zidon and Arvad were your mariners: your wise men, O Tyrus, that were in you, were your pilots.

Zemarite.

Joshua 18:22 And Betharabah, and Zemaraim, and Bethel,

2 Chronicles 13:4 And Abijah stood up on mount Zemaraim, which is in mount Ephraim, and said, Hear me, you Jeroboam, and all Israel;

Hamathite.

Numbers 34:8 From mount Hor you shall point out your border to the entrance of Hamath; and the goings forth of the border shall be to Zedad:

2 Samuel 8:9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

2 Kings 17:24,30 And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim...

Isaiah 10:9 Is not Calno as Carchemish? is not Hamath as Arpad? is not Samaria as Damascus?

Ezekiel 47:16,17 Hamath, Berothah, Sibraim, which is between the border of Damascus and the border of Hamath; Hazarhatticon...

Zechariah 9:2 And Hamath also shall border thereby; Tyrus, and Zidon, though it be very wise.

Cross References
Genesis 10:17
the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites,

Genesis 10:19
And the territory of the Canaanites extended from Sidon in the direction of Gerar as far as Gaza, and in the direction of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha.

Joshua 19:35
The fortified cities are Ziddim, Zer, Hammath, Rakkath, Chinnereth,

1 Chronicles 1:16
the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the Hamathites.

Ezekiel 27:8
The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad were your rowers; your skilled men, O Tyre, were in you; they were your pilots.

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Abroad Afterward Afterwards Arvadite Arvadites Ar'vadites Canaanite Canaanites Clans Directions Dispersed Families Far Hamathite Hamathites Ha'mathites Later Scattered Spread Themselves Wide Zemarite Zemarites Zem'arites
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Abroad Afterward Afterwards Arvadite Arvadites Ar'vadites Canaanite Canaanites Clans Directions Dispersed Families Far Hamathite Hamathites Ha'mathites Later Scattered Spread Themselves Wide Zemarite Zemarites Zem'arites
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