Genesis 10:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

King James Bible
And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

American Standard Version
And the sons of Javan: Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the sons of Javan: Elisa and Tharsis, Cetthim, and Dodanim.

English Revised Version
And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

Genesis 10:4 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Descendants of Javan. Elishah suggests Elis, and is said by Josephus to denote the Aeolians, the oldest of the Thessalian tribes, whose culture was Ionian in its origin; Kiepert, however, thinks of Sicily. Tarshish (in the Old Testament the name of the colony of Tartessus in Spain) is referred by Knobel to the Etruscans or Tyrsenians, a Pelasgic tribe of Greek derivation; but Delitzsch objects, that the Etruscans were most probably of Lydian descent, and, like the Lydians of Asia Minor, who were related to the Assyrians, belonged to the Shemites. Others connect the name with Tarsus in Cilicia. But the connection with the Spanish Tartessus must be retained, although, so long as the origin of this colony remains in obscurity, nothing further can be determined with regard to the name. Kittim embraces not only the Citiaei, Citienses in Cyprus, with the town Cition, but, according to Knobel and Delitzsch, probably "the Carians, who settled in the lands at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea; for which reason Ezekiel (Genesis 27:6) speaks of the "isles of Chittim." Dodanim (Dardani): according to Delitzsch, "the tribe related to the Ionians and dwelling with them from the very first, which the legend has associated with them in the two brothers Jasion and Dardanos;" according to Knobel, "the whole of the Illyrian or north Grecian tribe."

Genesis 10:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge


1666. B.C.

2338. Kittim.

Numbers 24:24 And ships shall come from the coast of Chittim, and shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber, and he also shall perish for ever.

Isaiah 23:1,12 The burden of Tyre. Howl, you ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in...

Daniel 11:30 For the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return...

Chittim. Dodanim. or, Rodanim.

Cross References
Genesis 10:5
From these the coastland peoples spread in their lands, each with his own language, by their clans, in their nations.

Numbers 24:24
But ships shall come from Kittim and shall afflict Asshur and Eber; and he too shall come to utter destruction."

1 Chronicles 1:7
The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Rodanim.

Isaiah 23:1
The oracle concerning Tyre. Wail, O ships of Tarshish, for Tyre is laid waste, without house or harbor! From the land of Cyprus it is revealed to them.

Ezekiel 27:6
Of oaks of Bashan they made your oars; they made your deck of pines from the coasts of Cyprus, inlaid with ivory.

Ezekiel 27:7
Of fine embroidered linen from Egypt was your sail, serving as your banner; blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah was your awning.

Ezekiel 27:12
"Tarshish did business with you because of your great wealth of every kind; silver, iron, tin, and lead they exchanged for your wares.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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