Genesis 10:4
New International Version
The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites and the Rodanites.

New Living Translation
The descendants of Javan were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Rodanim.

English Standard Version
The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

Berean Study Bible
And the sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites, and the Rodanites.

King James Bible
And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

New King James Version
The sons of Javan were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

New American Standard Bible
The sons of Javan were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

NASB 1995
The sons of Javan were Elishah and Tarshish, Kittim and Dodanim.

NASB 1977
And the sons of Javan were Elishah and Tarshish, Kittim and Dodanim.

Amplified Bible
the sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

Christian Standard Bible
And Javan’s sons: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And Javan's sons: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

American Standard Version
And the sons of Javan: Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the children of Yavan: Elisha and Tarshish and Katheem and Doraneem.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the sons of Jovan, Elisa, and Tharseis, Cetians, Rhodians.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the sons of Javan: Elisa and Tharsis, Cetthim, and Dodanim.

English Revised Version
And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

Good News Translation
The descendants of Javan were the people of Elishah, Spain, Cyprus, and Rhodes;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Javan's descendants were the people from Elishah, Tarshish, Cyprus, and Rhodes.

International Standard Version
Javan's descendants included Elisha, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the sons of Javan: Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

Literal Standard Version
And sons of Javan [are] Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

NET Bible
The sons of Javan were Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittim, and the Dodanim.

New Heart English Bible
The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Rodanim.

World English Bible
The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

Young's Literal Translation
And sons of Javan are Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Japhethites
3The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. 4And the sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites, and the Rodanites. 5From these, the maritime peoples separated into their territories, according to their languages, by clans within their nations.…

Cross References
Genesis 10:5
From these, the maritime peoples separated into their territories, according to their languages, by clans within their nations.

Numbers 24:24
Ships will come from the coasts of Cyprus; they will subdue Asshur and Eber, but they too will perish forever."

1 Chronicles 1:7
And the sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittites, and the Rodanites.

Isaiah 23:1
This is the burden against Tyre: Wail, O ships of Tarshish, for Tyre is laid waste, without house or harbor. Word has reached them from the land of Cyprus.

Ezekiel 27:6
Of oaks from Bashan they made your oars; of wood from the coasts of Cyprus they made your deck, inlaid with ivory.

Ezekiel 27:7
Of embroidered fine linen from Egypt they made your sail, which served as your banner. Of blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah they made your awning.

Ezekiel 27:12
Tarshish was your merchant because of your great wealth of goods; they exchanged silver, iron, tin, and lead for your wares.

Ezekiel 27:25
The ships of Tarshish carried your merchandise. And you were filled with heavy cargo in the heart of the sea.

Daniel 11:30
Ships of Kittim will come against him, and he will lose heart. Then he will turn back and rage against the holy covenant and do damage. So he will return and show favor to those who forsake the holy covenant.


Treasury of Scripture

And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

A.

Numbers 24:24
And ships shall come from the coast of Chittim, and shall afflict Asshur, and shall afflict Eber, and he also shall perish for ever.

Isaiah 23:1,12
The burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Chittim it is revealed to them…

Daniel 11:30
For the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant.

Chittim.









(4) Javan has four main divisions:--

1. Elishah, a maritime people of Greece. Traces of the name occur in Aeolis and in Elis, a district of the Peloponessus. Some boldly identify with Hellas. The isles of Elishah are mentioned in Ezekiel 27:7.

2. Tarshish. At so early a period this could scarcely be Tartessus, but is more probably the Tyrseni, or Tyrrheni, a race once powerful in Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, and finally in Spain. Probably Tartessus, at the mouth of the Guadalquiver, in Spain, was founded by them, and took from them its name. At this time they; were apparently a small tribe of the Javanites; but while Elishah followed the sea-coast and colonised Greece, Tarshish took a course so far inland to the north of the Danube that it did not reach the sea until it had come to the northern districts of Italy.

3. Kittim. A plural, like Madai. The Kittim were a maritime race, who colonised Cyprus, the chief city of which was Kitium, and probably other islands and coast-districts of the Mediterranean. There was a Kitium also in Macedonia; and Alexander is called King of the Kittim in 1 Maccabees 1:1.

4. Dodanim. Another plural. The right reading is probably Rodanim, as in many MSS. in 1Chronicles 1:7 and in the LXX., and the Samaritan here. R and D are so constantly interchanged in proper names. owing to the similarity of their shape, that no dependence can be placed upon the reading. The Rodanim would be the Rhodians.

Verse 4. - And the sons of Javan; Elizhah. The isles of Elishah are praised by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 27:7) for their blue and purple; supposed to have been Elis in the Peloponnesus, famous for its purple dyes (Bochart); AEolis (Josephus, Knobel); Hellas (Michaelis, Rosenmüller, Kalisch); without doubt a maritime people of Grecian stock ('Speaker's Commentary'). And Tarshish. Tarsus in Cilicia (Josephus); but rather Tartessus in Spain (Eusehius, Michaelis, Bochart, Kalisch). Biblical notices represent Tarshish as a wealthy and flourishing seaport town towards the west (vide 1 Kings 10:22; Psalm 48:7; Psalm 72:10; Isaiah 60:9; Isaiah 66:19; Jeremiah 10:9; Ezekiel 27:12). Kittim. Chittim (Numbers 24:24); Citium in Cyprus (Josephus), though latterly the name appears to have been extended to Citium in Macedonia (Alexander the Great is called the king of Chittim, 1 Macc. 1:1 1 Macc. 8:5), and the colonies which settled on the shores of Italy and Greece (Bochart, Keil, Kalisch). Isaiah 23:1, 12; Daniel 11:30 describe it as a maritime people. And Dodanim. Dordona in Epirus (Michaelis, Rosenmüller); the Dardaniaus, or Trojan's (Gesenius); the Daunians of South Italy (Kalisch); the Rhodani in Gaul, reading as in 1 Chronicles 1:7 (Bochart). Josephus omits the name, and Scripture does not again mention it.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
And the sons
וּבְנֵ֥י (ū·ḇə·nê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Javan:
יָוָ֖ן (yā·wān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3120: Javan -- a son of Japheth, also his descendants and their land

Elishah,
אֱלִישָׁ֣ה (’ĕ·lî·šāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 473: Elishah -- a son of Javan, also his descendants and their land

Tarshish,
וְתַרְשִׁ֑ישׁ (wə·ṯar·šîš)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 8659: Tarshish -- a son of Javan, also a port on the Mediterranean, also a Benjamite

Kittim,
כִּתִּ֖ים (kit·tîm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3794: Kittim -- a son of Javan, also his descendants and their land

and Dodanim.
וְדֹדָנִֽים׃ (wə·ḏō·ḏā·nîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's 1721: Dodanim -- a son of Javan, also his desc


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OT Law: Genesis 10:4 The sons of Javan: Elishah Tarshish Kittim (Gen. Ge Gn)
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