Genesis 16:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And Hagar bore Abram a son, and Abram called the name of his son, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael.

King James Bible
And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.

American Standard Version
And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called the name of his son, whom Hagar bare, Ishmael.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Agar brought forth a son to Abram: who called his name Ismael.

English Revised Version
And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called the name of his son, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Hagar bore Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bore, Ishmael.

Genesis 16:15 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Hagar no doubt intended to escape to Egypt by a road used from time immemorial, that ran from Hebron past Beersheba, "by the way of Shur." - Shur, the present Jifar, is the name given to the north-western portion of the desert of Arabia (cf. Exodus 15:22). There the angel of the Lord found her by a well, and directed her to return to her mistress, and submit to her; at the same time he promised her the birth of a son, and an innumerable multiplication of her descendants. As the fruit of her womb was the seed of Abram, she was to return to his house and there bear him a son, who, though not the seed promised by God, would be honoured for Abram's sake with the blessing of an innumerable posterity. For this reason also Jehovah appeared to her in the form of the Angel of Jehovah. הרה is adj. verb. as in Genesis 38:24, etc.: "thou art with child and wilt bear;" ילדתּ for ילדת (Genesis 17:19) is found again in Judges 13:5, Judges 13:7. This son she was to call Ishmael ("God hears"), "for Jehovah hath hearkened to thy distress." עני afflictionem sine dubio vocat, quam Hagar afflictionem sentiebat esse, nempe conditionem servitem et quod castigata esset a Sara (Luther). It was Jehovah, not Elohim, who had heard, although the latter name was most naturally suggested as the explanation of Ishmael, because the hearing, i.e., the multiplication of Ishmael's descendants, was the result of the covenant grace of Jehovah. Moreover, in contrast with the oppression which has had endured and still would endure, she received the promise that her son would endure no such oppression. "He will be a wild ass of a man." The figure of a פּרא, onager, that wild and untameable animal, roaming at its will in the desert, of which so highly poetic a description is given in Job 39:5-8, depicts most aptly "the Bedouin's boundless love of freedom as he rides about in the desert, spear in hand, upon his camel or his horse, hardy, frugal, revelling in the varied beauty of nature, and despising town life in every form;" and the words, "his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him," describe most truly the incessant state of feud, in which the Ishmaelites live with one another or with their neighbours. "He will dwell before the face of all his brethren." פּני על denotes, it is true, to the east of (cf. Genesis 25:18), and this meaning is to be retained here; but the geographical notice of the dwelling-place of the Ishmaelites hardly exhausts the force of the expression, which also indicated that Ishmael would maintain an independent standing before (in the presence of) all the descendants of Abraham. History has confirmed this promise. The Ishmaelites have continued to this day in free and undiminished possession of the extensive peninsula between the Euphrates, the Straits of Suez, and the Red Sea, from which they have overspread both Northern Africa and Southern Asia.

Genesis 16:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

A.M.

2094. B.C.

1910. Hagar.

Genesis 16:11 And the angel of the LORD said to her, Behold, you are with child and shall bear a son, and shall call his name Ishmael...

Genesis 25:12 Now these are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's handmaid, bore to Abraham:

1 Chronicles 1:28 The sons of Abraham; Isaac, and Ishmael.

Galatians 4:22,23 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a female slave, the other by a free woman...

Ishmael.

Genesis 17:18,20,25,26 And Abraham said to God, O that Ishmael might live before you!...

Genesis 21:9-21 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born to Abraham, mocking...

Genesis 25:9,12 And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite...

Genesis 28:9 Then went Esau to Ishmael, and took to the wives which he had Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael Abraham's son, the sister of Nebajoth...

Genesis 37:27 Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be on him; for he is our brother and our flesh...

Cross References
Galatians 4:22
For it is written that Abraham had two sons, one by a slave woman and one by a free woman.

Genesis 16:14
Therefore the well was called Beer-lahai-roi; it lies between Kadesh and Bered.

Genesis 16:16
Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram.

Genesis 25:12
These are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham's son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's servant, bore to Abraham.

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