Genesis 38:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
In the course of time the wife of Judah, Shua’s daughter, died. When Judah was comforted, he went up to Timnah to his sheepshearers, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.

King James Bible
And in process of time the daughter of Shuah Judah's wife died; and Judah was comforted, and went up unto his sheepshearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.

American Standard Version
And in process of time Shua's daughter, the wife of Judah, died; and Judah was comforted, and went up unto his sheep-shearers to Timnah, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And after many days were past, the daughter of Sue the wife of Juda died: and when he had taken comfort after his mourning, he went up to Thamnas, to the shearers of his sheep, he and Hiras the Odollamite the shepherd of his flock.

English Revised Version
And in process of time Shua's daughter, the wife of Judah, died; and Judah was comforted, and went up unto his sheepshearers to Timnah, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.

Webster's Bible Translation
And in process of time, the daughter of Shuah Judah's wife died: and Judah was comforted, and went up to his sheep-shearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.

Genesis 38:12 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When Ger was grown up, according to ancient custom (cf. Genesis 21:21; Genesis 34:4) his father gave him a wife, named Thamar, probably a Canaanite, of unknown parentage. But Ger was soon put to death by Jehovah on account of his wickedness. Judah then wished Onan, as the brother-in-law, to marry the childless widow of his deceased brother, and raise up seed, i.e., a family, for him. But as he knew that the first-born son would not be the founder of his own family, but would perpetuate the family of the deceased and receive his inheritance, he prevented conception when consummating the marriage by spilling the semen. ארצה שׁחת, "destroyed to the ground (i.e., let it fall upon the ground), so as not to give seed to his brother" (נתן for תּת only here and Numbers 20:21). This act not only betrayed a want of affection to his brother, combined with a despicable covetousness for his possession and inheritance, but was also a sin against the divine institution of marriage and its object, and was therefore punished by Jehovah with sudden death. The custom of levirate marriage, which is first mentioned here, and is found in different forms among Indians, Persians, and other nations of Asia and Africa, was not founded upon a divine command, but upon an ancient tradition, originating probably in Chaldea. It was not abolished, however, by the Mosaic law (Deuteronomy 25:5.), but only so far restricted as not to allow it to interfere with the sanctity of marriage; and with this limitation it was enjoined as a duty of affection to build up the brother's house, and to preserve his family and name (see my Bibl. Archologie, 108).

Genesis 38:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

in process of time. Heb. the days were multiplied. comforted.

Genesis 24:67 And Isaac brought her into his mother Sarah's tent, and took Rebekah, and she became his wife; and he loved her...

2 Samuel 13:39 And the soul of king David longed to go forth to Absalom: for he was comforted concerning Amnon, seeing he was dead.

sheep shearers.

Genesis 31:19 And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel had stolen the images that were her father's.

1 Samuel 25:4-8,36 And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep...

2 Samuel 13:23-29 And it came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheep shearers in Baalhazor, which is beside Ephraim...

Timnath. Timnath is, in all probability, that in the border of Judah, between Jerusalem and Diospolis, given to Dan, and mentioned in the history of Samson as belonging to the Philistines.
1

Joshua 15:10,35,37 And the border compassed from Baalah westward to mount Seir, and passed along to the side of mount Jearim, which is Chesalon...

Timnah.

Joshua 19:43 And Elon, and Thimnathah, and Ekron,

Thimnathah.

Judges 14:1 And Samson went down to Timnath, and saw a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines.

Cross References
Genesis 38:1
It happened at that time that Judah went down from his brothers and turned aside to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.

Joshua 15:10
And the boundary circles west of Baalah to Mount Seir, passes along to the northern shoulder of Mount Jearim (that is, Chesalon), and goes down to Beth-shemesh and passes along by Timnah.

Joshua 15:57
Kain, Gibeah, and Timnah: ten cities with their villages.

2 Samuel 13:23
After two full years Absalom had sheepshearers at Baal-hazor, which is near Ephraim, and Absalom invited all the king's sons.

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Adullam Adullamite Bath-Shua Comforted Considerable Course Cutting Daughter Died End Ended Friend Grief Hirah Judah Judah's Loss Mourning Multiplied Process Recovered Shearing Sheep Sheepshearers Sheep-Shearers Shua Shuah Shua's Time Timnah Timnath Wife
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Adullam Adullamite Bath-Shua Comforted Considerable Course Cutting Daughter Died End Ended Friend Grief Hirah Judah Judah's Loss Mourning Multiplied Process Recovered Shearing Sheep Sheepshearers Sheep-Shearers Shua Shuah Shua's Time Timnah Timnath Wife
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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