Genesis 38:13
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
And when Tamar was told, “Your father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep,”

King James Bible
And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold thy father in law goeth up to Timnath to shear his sheep.

American Standard Version
And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold, thy father-in-law goeth up to Timnah to shear his sheep.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And it was told Thamar that her father in law was come up to Thamnas to shear his sheep.

English Revised Version
And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold, thy father in law goeth up to Timnah to shear his sheep.

Webster's Bible Translation
And it was told to Tamar, saying, Behold, thy father-in-law goeth up to Timnath, to shear his sheep.

Genesis 38:13 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

When Ger was grown up, according to ancient custom (cf. Genesis 21:21; Genesis 34:4) his father gave him a wife, named Thamar, probably a Canaanite, of unknown parentage. But Ger was soon put to death by Jehovah on account of his wickedness. Judah then wished Onan, as the brother-in-law, to marry the childless widow of his deceased brother, and raise up seed, i.e., a family, for him. But as he knew that the first-born son would not be the founder of his own family, but would perpetuate the family of the deceased and receive his inheritance, he prevented conception when consummating the marriage by spilling the semen. ארצה שׁחת, "destroyed to the ground (i.e., let it fall upon the ground), so as not to give seed to his brother" (נתן for תּת only here and Numbers 20:21). This act not only betrayed a want of affection to his brother, combined with a despicable covetousness for his possession and inheritance, but was also a sin against the divine institution of marriage and its object, and was therefore punished by Jehovah with sudden death. The custom of levirate marriage, which is first mentioned here, and is found in different forms among Indians, Persians, and other nations of Asia and Africa, was not founded upon a divine command, but upon an ancient tradition, originating probably in Chaldea. It was not abolished, however, by the Mosaic law (Deuteronomy 25:5.), but only so far restricted as not to allow it to interfere with the sanctity of marriage; and with this limitation it was enjoined as a duty of affection to build up the brother's house, and to preserve his family and name (see my Bibl. Archologie, 108).

Genesis 38:13 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Timnath.

Judges 14:1 And Samson went down to Timnath, and saw a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines.

shear.

Genesis 31:19 And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel had stolen the images that were her father's.

1 Samuel 25:2,11 And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep...

Cross References
Joshua 15:10
And the boundary circles west of Baalah to Mount Seir, passes along to the northern shoulder of Mount Jearim (that is, Chesalon), and goes down to Beth-shemesh and passes along by Timnah.

Joshua 15:57
Kain, Gibeah, and Timnah: ten cities with their villages.

Judges 14:1
Samson went down to Timnah, and at Timnah he saw one of the daughters of the Philistines.

1 Samuel 25:2
And there was a man in Maon whose business was in Carmel. The man was very rich; he had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. He was shearing his sheep in Carmel.

1 Chronicles 2:4
His daughter-in-law Tamar also bore him Perez and Zerah. Judah had five sons in all.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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