Genesis 4:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Behold, you have driven me today away from the ground, and from your face I shall be hidden. I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.”

King James Bible
Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.

American Standard Version
Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the ground; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth; and it will come to pass, that whosoever findeth me will slay me.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold thou dost cast me out this day from the face of the earth, and I shall be hidden from thy face, and I shall be a vagabond and a fugitive on the earth: everyone, therefore, that findeth me, shall kill me.

English Revised Version
Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the ground; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that whosoever findeth me shall slay me.

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, thou hast driven me this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it will come to pass, that every one that findeth me will slay me.

Genesis 4:14 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

"And now (sc., because thou hast done this) be cursed from the earth." From: i.e., either away from the earth, driven forth so that it shall no longer afford a quiet resting-place (Gerlach, Delitzsch, etc.), or out of the earth, through its withdrawing its strength, and thus securing the fulfilment of perpetual wandering (Baumgarten, etc.). It is difficult to choose between the two; but the clause, "which hath opened her mouth," etc. seems rather to favour the latter. Because the earth has been compelled to drink innocent blood, it rebels against the murderer, and when he tills it, withdraws its strength, so that the soil yields no produce; just as the land of Canaan is said to have spued out the Canaanites, on account of their abominations (Leviticus 18:28). In any case, the idea that "the soil, through drinking innocent blood, became an accomplice in the sin of murder," has no biblical support, and is not confirmed by Isaiah 26:21 or Numbers 35:33. The suffering of irrational creatures through the sin of man is very different from their participating in his sin. "A fugitive and vagabond (ונד נע, i.e., banished and homeless) shalt thou be in the earth." Cain is so affected by this curse, that his obduracy is turned into despair, "My sin," he says in Genesis 4:13, "is greater than can be borne." עון נשׁא signifies to take away and bear sin or guilt, and is used with reference both to God and man. God takes guilt away by forgiving it (Exodus 34:7); man carries it away and bears it, by enduring its punishment (cf. Numbers 5:31). Luther, following the ancient versions, has adopted the first meaning; but the context sustains the second: for Cain afterwards complains, not of the greatness of the sin, but only of the severity of the punishment. "Behold, Thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth, and from Thy face shall I be hid;...and it shall come to pass that every one that findeth me shall slay me." The adamah, from the face of which the curse of Jehovah had driven Cain, was Eden (cf. Genesis 4:16), where he had carried on his agricultural pursuits, and where God had revealed His face, i.e., His presence, to the men after their expulsion from the garden; so that henceforth Cain had to wander about upon the wide world, homeless and far from the presence of God, and was afraid lest any one who found him might slay him. By "every one that findeth me" we are not to understand omnis creatura, as though Cain had excited the hostility of all creatures, but every man; not in the sense, however, of such as existed apart from the family of Adam, but such as were aware of his crime, and knew him to be a murderer. For Cain is evidently afraid of revenge on the part of relatives of the slain, that is to say, of descendants of Adam, who were either already in existence, or yet to be born. Though Adam might not at this time have had "many grandsons and great-grandson," yet according to Genesis 4:17 and Genesis 5:4, he had undoubtedly other children, who might increase in number, and sooner or later might avenge Abel's death. For, that blood shed demands blood in return, "is a principle of equity written in the heart of every man; and that Cain should see that earth full of avengers is just like a murderer, who sees avenging spirits (Ἐρινύες) ready to torture him on every hand."

Genesis 4:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

driven.

Job 15:20-24 The wicked man travails with pain all his days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor...

Proverbs 14:32 The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous has hope in his death.

Proverbs 28:1 The wicked flee when no man pursues: but the righteous are bold as a lion.

Isaiah 8:22 And they shall look to the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish; and they shall be driven to darkness.

Hosea 13:3 Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud and as the early dew that passes away...

from thy.

Genesis 4:16 And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelled in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.

Job 21:14,15 Therefore they say to God, Depart from us; for we desire not the knowledge of your ways...

Psalm 51:11-14 Cast me not away from your presence; and take not your holy spirit from me...

Psalm 143:7 Hear me speedily, O LORD: my spirit fails: hide not your face from me, lest I be like to them that go down into the pit.

Matthew 25:41,46 Then shall he say also to them on the left hand, Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire...

2 Thessalonians 1:9 Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power;

fugitive.

Deuteronomy 28:65 And among these nations shall you find no ease, neither shall the sole of your foot have rest...

Psalm 109:10 Let his children be continually vagabonds, and beg: let them seek their bread also out of their desolate places.

See

Genesis 4:12 When you till the ground, it shall not from now on yield to you her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shall you be in the earth.

that.

Genesis 4:15 And the LORD said to him, Therefore whoever slays Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark on Cain...

Genesis 9:5,6 And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man...

Leviticus 26:17,36 And I will set my face against you, and you shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you...

Numbers 17:12,13 And the children of Israel spoke to Moses, saying, Behold, we die, we perish, we all perish...

Numbers 35:19,21,27 The revenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meets him, he shall slay him...

2 Samuel 14:7 And, behold, the whole family is risen against your handmaid, and they said, Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him...

Job 15:20-24 The wicked man travails with pain all his days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor...

Proverbs 28:1 The wicked flee when no man pursues: but the righteous are bold as a lion.

Cross References
Genesis 3:24
He drove out the man, and at the east of the garden of Eden he placed the cherubim and a flaming sword that turned every way to guard the way to the tree of life.

Genesis 4:13
Cain said to the LORD, "My punishment is greater than I can bear.

Numbers 35:19
The avenger of blood shall himself put the murderer to death; when he meets him, he shall put him to death.

Deuteronomy 28:64
"And the LORD will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other, and there you shall serve other gods of wood and stone, which neither you nor your fathers have known.

Jeremiah 52:3
For because of the anger of the LORD it came to the point in Jerusalem and Judah that he cast them out from his presence. And Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

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