Genesis 40:3
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
and he put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, in the prison where Joseph was confined.

King James Bible
And he put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where Joseph was bound.

American Standard Version
And he put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where Joseph was bound.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He sent them to the prison of the commander of the soldiers, in which Joseph also was prisoner,

English Revised Version
And he put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where Joseph was bound.

Webster's Bible Translation
And he put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where Joseph was bound.

Genesis 40:3 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Joseph in Prison. - Potiphar was enraged at what he heard, and put Joseph into the prison where (אשׁר for שׁם אשׁר, Genesis 40:3 like Genesis 35:13) the king's prisoners (state-prisoners) were confined. הסּהר בּית: lit., the house of enclosure, from סהר, to surround or enclose (ὀχύρωμα, lxx); the state-prison surrounded by a wall. This was a very moderate punishment. For according to Diod. Sic. (i. 78) the laws of the Egyptians were πικροὶ περὶ τῶν γυναιῶν νόμοι. An attempt at adultery was to be punished with 1000 blows, and rape upon a free woman still more severely. It is possible that Potiphar was not fully convinced of his wife's chastity, and therefore did not place unlimited credence in what she said.

(Note: Credibile est aliquod fuisse indicium, quo Josephum innocentem esse Potiphari constiteret; neque enim servi vita tanti erat ut ei parceretur in tam gravi delicto. Sed licet innocuum, in carcere tamen detinebat, ut uxoris honori et suo consuleret (Clericus). The chastity of Egyptian women has been in bad repute from time immemorial (Diod. Sic. i. 59; Herod. ii. 111). Even in the middle ages the Fatimite Hakim thought it necessary to adopt severe measures against their immorality (Bar-Hebraei, chron. p. 217), and at the present day, according to Burckhardt (arab. Sprichwrter, pp. 222, 227), chastity is "a great rarity" among women of every rank in Cairo.)

But even in that case it was the mercy of the faithful covenant God, which now as before (Genesis 37:20.) rescued Joseph's life.

Genesis 40:3 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the place.

Genesis 39:20,23 And Joseph's master took him, and put him into the prison, a place where the king's prisoners were bound...

where Joseph was bound. Or, where Joseph was confined, for he doubtless had his personal liberty. This place, we learn from the preceding chapter, (ver.

Genesis 40:20 And it came to pass the third day, which was Pharaoh's birthday, that he made a feast to all his servants...

,) was the king's prison. All the officers in the employment of the ancient kings of Egypt, according to Diodorus Siculus, were taken from the most illustrious families of the priesthood in the country; no slave or common person being ever permitted to serve in the presence of the king. As these persons were of the most noble families, it is natural to expect they would be put, when accused, into the state prison.

Cross References
Genesis 39:1
Now Joseph had been brought down to Egypt, and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, the captain of the guard, an Egyptian, had bought him from the Ishmaelites who had brought him down there.

Genesis 39:20
And Joseph's master took him and put him into the prison, the place where the king's prisoners were confined, and he was there in prison.

Genesis 39:22
And the keeper of the prison put Joseph in charge of all the prisoners who were in the prison. Whatever was done there, he was the one who did it.

Genesis 40:4
The captain of the guard appointed Joseph to be with them, and he attended them. They continued for some time in custody.

Genesis 41:10
When Pharaoh was angry with his servants and put me and the chief baker in custody in the house of the captain of the guard,

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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