Habakkuk 1:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
So the law is paralyzed, and justice never goes forth. For the wicked surround the righteous; so justice goes forth perverted.

King James Bible
Therefore the law is slacked, and judgment doth never go forth: for the wicked doth compass about the righteous; therefore wrong judgment proceedeth.

American Standard Version
Therefore the law is slacked, and justice doth never go forth; for the wicked doth compass about the righteous; therefore justice goeth forth perverted.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore the law is torn in pieces, and judgment cometh not to the end: because the wicked prevaileth against the just, therefore wrong judgment goeth forth.

English Revised Version
Therefore the law is slacked, and judgment doth never go forth: for the wicked doth compass about the righteous; therefore judgment goeth forth perverted.

Webster's Bible Translation
Therefore the law is slackened, and judgment doth never go forth: for the wicked doth encompass the righteous; therefore wrong judgment proceedeth.

Habakkuk 1:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

This judicial interposition on the part of God is occasioned by the sin of Israel. Micah 1:5. "For the apostasy of Jacob (is) all this, and for the sins of the house of Israel. Who is Jacob's apostasy? is it not Samaria? And who Judah's high places? is it not Jerusalem? Micah 1:6. Therefore I make Samaria into a stone-heap of the field, into plantations of vines; and I pour her stones into the valley, and I will lay bare her foundations. Micah 1:7. And all her stone images will be beaten to pieces, and all her lovers' gifts be burned with fire, and all her idols will I make into a waste: for she has gathered them of prostitute's hire, and to prostitute's hire shall they return." "All this" refers to the coming of Jehovah to judgment announced in Micah 1:3, Micah 1:4. This takes place on account of the apostasy and the sins of Israel. ב (for) used to denote reward or wages, as in 2 Samuel 3:27 compared with 2 Samuel 3:30. Jacob and Israel in Micah 1:5 are synonymous, signifying the whole of the covenant nation, as we may see from the fact that in Micah 1:5 Jacob and not Israel is the epithet applied to the ten tribes in distinction from Judah. מי, who? - referring to the author. The apostasy of Israel originates with Samaria; the worship on the high places with Jerusalem. The capitals of the two kingdoms are the authors of the apostasy, as the centres and sources of the corruption which has spread from them over the kingdoms. The allusion to the bâmōth of the illegal worship of the high places, which even the most godly kings were unable to abolish (see at 1 Kings 15:14), shows, moreover, that פּשׁע denotes that religious apostasy from Jehovah which was formally sanctioned in the kingdom of the ten tribes by the introduction of the calf-worship. But because this apostasy commenced in the kingdom of the ten tribes, the punishment would fall upon this kingdom first, and Samaria would be utterly destroyed. Stone-heaps of the field and vineyard plantations harmonize badly, in Hitzig's view: he therefore proposes to alter the text. But there is no necessity for this. The point of comparison is simply that Samaria will be so destroyed, that not a single trace of a city will be left, and the site thereof will become like a ploughed field or plain. השּׂדה is added to עי, a heap of ruins or stones, to strengthen it. Samaria shall become like a heap, not of ruins of building stones, but of stones collected from the field. למטּעי כרם, i.e., into arable land upon which you can plant vineyards. The figure answers to the situation of Samaria upon a hill in a very fruitful region, which was well adapted for planting vineyards (see at Amos 3:9). The situation of the city helps to explain the casting of its stones into the valley. Laying bare the foundations denotes destruction to the very foundation (cf. Psalm 137:7). On the destruction of the city all its idols will be annihilated. Pesı̄lı̄m, idols, as in Isaiah 10:10; not wooden idols, however, to which the expression yukkattū, smitten to pieces, would not apply, but stone idols, from pâsal (Exodus 34:1). By the lovers' gifts ('ethnân, see at Hosea 9:1) we are to understand, not "the riches of the city or their possessions, inasmuch as the idolaters regarded their wealth and prosperity as a reward from their gods, according to Hosea 2:7, Hosea 2:14" (Rashi, Hitzig, and others), but the temple gifts, "gifts suspended in the temples and sacred places in honour of the gods" (Rosenmller), by which the temple worship with its apparatus were maintained; so that by 'ethnân we may understand the entire apparatus of religious worship. For the parallelism of the clauses requires that the word should be restricted to this. עצבּים are also idolatrous images. "To make them into a waste," i.e., not only to divest them of their ornament, but so utterly to destroy them that the place where they once stood becomes waste. The next clause, containing the reason, must not be restricted to the ‛ătsabbı̄m, as Hitzig supposes, but refers to the two clauses of the first hemistich, so that pesı̄lı̄m and ‛ătsabbı̄m are to be supplied as objects to qibbâtsâh (she gathered), and to be regarded as the subject to yâshūbhū (shall return). Samaria gathered together the entire apparatus of her idolatrous worship from prostitute's gifts (the wages of prostitution), namely, through gifts presented by the idolaters. The acquisition of all this is described as the gain of prostitute's wages, according to the scriptural view that idolatry was spiritual whoredom. There is no ground for thinking of literal wages of prostitution, or money which flowed into the temples from the voluptuous worship of Aphrodite, because Micah had in his mind not literal (heathenish) idolatry, but simply the transformation of the Jehovah-worship into idolatry by the worship of Jehovah under the symbols of the golden calves. These things return back to the wagers of prostitution, i.e., they become this once more (cf. Genesis 3:19) by being carried away by the enemies, who conquer the city and destroy it, and being applied to their idolatrous worship. On the capture of cities, the idols and temple treasures were carried away (cf. Isaiah 46:1-2; Daniel 1:3).

Habakkuk 1:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the law.

Psalm 11:3 If the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous do?

Psalm 119:126 It is time for you, LORD, to work: for they have made void your law.

Mark 7:9 And he said to them, Full well you reject the commandment of God, that you may keep your own tradition.

Romans 3:31 Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yes, we establish the law.

for.

1 Kings 21:13 And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him: and the men of Belial witnessed against him, even against Naboth...

Job 21:7 Why do the wicked live, become old, yes, are mighty in power?

Psalm 22:16 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

Psalm 58:1,2 Do you indeed speak righteousness, O congregation? do you judge uprightly, O you sons of men...

Psalm 59:2,4 Deliver me from the workers of iniquity, and save me from bloody men...

Psalm 82:1-5 God stands in the congregation of the mighty; he judges among the gods...

Psalm 94:3,20,21 LORD, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked triumph...

Isaiah 1:21-23 How is the faithful city become an harlot! it was full of judgment; righteousness lodged in it; but now murderers...

Isaiah 59:2-8,13-15 But your iniquities have separated between you and your God, and your sins have hid his face from you, that he will not hear...

Jeremiah 5:27-29 As a cage is full of birds, so are their houses full of deceit: therefore they are become great, and waxen rich...

Jeremiah 12:1,6 Righteous are you, O LORD, when I plead with you: yet let me talk with you of your judgments: Why does the way of the wicked prosper...

Jeremiah 26:8,21-23 Now it came to pass, when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking all that the LORD had commanded him to speak to all the people...

Jeremiah 37:14-16 Then said Jeremiah, It is false; I fall not away to the Chaldeans. But he listened not to him: so Irijah took Jeremiah...

Jeremiah 38:4-6 Therefore the princes said to the king, We beseech you, let this man be put to death...

Ezekiel 22:25-30 There is a conspiracy of her prophets in the middle thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls...

Hosea 10:4 They have spoken words, swearing falsely in making a covenant: thus judgment springs up as hemlock in the furrows of the field.

Amos 5:7,12 You who turn judgment to wormwood, and leave off righteousness in the earth...

Micah 2:1,2 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil on their beds! when the morning is light, they practice it...

Micah 3:1-3 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and you princes of the house of Israel; Is it not for you to know judgment...

Micah 7:2-4 The good man is perished out of the earth: and there is none upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood...

Matthew 23:34-36 Why, behold, I send to you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them you shall kill and crucify...

Matthew 26:59-66 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death...

Matthew 27:1,2,25,26 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death...

Acts 7:52,59 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which showed before of the coming of the Just One...

Acts 23:12-14 And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse...

James 2:6,7 But you have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats...

wrong. or, wrested.

Exodus 23:2,6 You shall not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shall you speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment...

Deuteronomy 16:19 You shall not wrest judgment; you shall not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift does blind the eyes of the wise...

Ezekiel 9:9 Then said he to me, The iniquity of the house of Israel and Judah is exceeding great, and the land is full of blood...

Cross References
Psalm 22:12
Many bulls encompass me; strong bulls of Bashan surround me;

Psalm 58:1
Do you indeed decree what is right, you gods? Do you judge the children of man uprightly?

Psalm 58:2
No, in your hearts you devise wrongs; your hands deal out violence on earth.

Psalm 119:126
It is time for the LORD to act, for your law has been broken.

Isaiah 1:21
How the faithful city has become a whore, she who was full of justice! Righteousness lodged in her, but now murderers.

Isaiah 5:20
Woe to those who call evil good and good evil, who put darkness for light and light for darkness, who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter!

Isaiah 59:12
For our transgressions are multiplied before you, and our sins testify against us; for our transgressions are with us, and we know our iniquities:

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