Hebrews 3:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, on the day of testing in the wilderness,

King James Bible
Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

American Standard Version
Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, Like as in the day of the trial in the wilderness,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation; in the day of temptation in the desert,

English Revised Version
Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, Like as in the day of the temptation in the wilderness,

Webster's Bible Translation
Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:

Weymouth New Testament
do not harden your hearts as your forefathers did in the time of the provocation on the day of the temptation in the Desert,

Hebrews 3:8 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Harden not (μὴ σκληρύνητε)

In N.T. mostly in this epistle. Comp. Acts 19:9; Romans 9:18, see note. The group of kindred words consists of σκληρός hard (see on Matthew 25:24; see on Jde 1:14); σκλψρότης hardness (Romans 2:5); σκληρύνειν to harden (Acts 19:9; Romans 9:18); and the compounds σκληροκαρδία hardness of heart (Matthew 19:8; Mark 10:5), and σκληροτράχηλος stiff-necked (Acts 7:5). All occur in lxx, with the addition of σκληρῶς hardly, painfully (not in N.T.).

In the provocation (ἐν τῷ παραπικρασμῷ)

Only here and Hebrews 3:15. In lxx only Psalm 94:8. The verb παραπικραίνεινto provoke, only in Hebrews 3:16. Often in lxx. The simple verb πικραίνειν to make bitter, Colossians 3:19; Revelation 8:11; Revelation 10:9, Revelation 10:10. From πικρός bitter, pungent: hence to stir up to bitterness, to irritate. Comp. lxx Ezekiel 2:4.

In the day (κατὰ τὴν ἡμέραν)

Κατὰ in a temporal sense, as Acts 12:1; Acts 19:23; Acts 27:27. Comp. κατ' ἀρχάς in the beginning, Hebrews 1:10.

Of temptation (τοῦ πειρασμοῦ)

Rend. "of the temptation," referring to a definite event, the murmuring against Moses at Rephidim on account of the lack of water, Exodus 17:1-7. In that passage the lxx gives for the two proper names Massah and Meribah, πειρασμὸς temptation, which is correct, and λοιδόρησις railing or reviling, which is loose, since Meribah signifies strife. In Psalm 94, lxx renders Meribah παραπικρασμός provocation, which is inexact, and Massah πειρασμὸς temptation, which is correct.

Hebrews 3:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Harden.

Hebrews 3:12,13 Take heed, brothers, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God...

Exodus 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and listened not to them; as the LORD had said.

1 Samuel 6:6 Why then do you harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? when he had worked wonderfully among them...

2 Kings 17:14 Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers...

2 Chronicles 30:8 Now be you not stiff necked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves to the LORD, and enter into his sanctuary...

2 Chronicles 36:13 And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck...

Nehemiah 9:16 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and listened not to your commandments,

Job 9:4 He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who has hardened himself against him, and has prospered?

Proverbs 28:14 Happy is the man that fears always: but he that hardens his heart shall fall into mischief.

Proverbs 29:1 He, that being often reproved hardens his neck, shall suddenly be destroyed, and that without remedy.

Jeremiah 7:26 Yet they listened not to me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened their neck: they did worse than their fathers.

Ezekiel 3:7-9 But the house of Israel will not listen to you; for they will not listen to me...

Daniel 5:20 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne...

Zechariah 7:11,12 But they refused to listen, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear...

Matthew 13:15 For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed...

Acts 19:9 But when divers were hardened, and believed not, but spoke evil of that way before the multitude, he departed from them...

Romans 2:5,6 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation...

as.

Numbers 14:11,22,23 And the LORD said to Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me...

Deuteronomy 9:22-24 And at Taberah, and at Massah, and at Kibrothhattaavah, you provoked the LORD to wrath...

Psalm 78:56 Yet they tempted and provoked the most high God, and kept not his testimonies:

of.

Exodus 17:7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel...

Deuteronomy 6:16 You shall not tempt the LORD your God, as you tempted him in Massah.

Psalm 78:18 And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust.

Psalm 106:14 But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert.

1 Corinthians 10:9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.

Cross References
Psalm 95:8
do not harden your hearts, as at Meribah, as on the day at Massah in the wilderness,

Acts 7:36
This man led them out, performing wonders and signs in Egypt and at the Red Sea and in the wilderness for forty years.

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