Hosea 10:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
They utter mere words; with empty oaths they make covenants; so judgment springs up like poisonous weeds in the furrows of the field.

King James Bible
They have spoken words, swearing falsely in making a covenant: thus judgment springeth up as hemlock in the furrows of the field.

American Standard Version
They speak vain words, swearing falsely in making covenants: therefore judgment springeth up as hemlock in the furrows of the field.

Douay-Rheims Bible
You speak words of an unprofitable vision, and you shall make a covenant: and judgment shall spring up as bitterness in the furrows of the field.

English Revised Version
They speak vain words, swearing falsely in making covenants: therefore judgment springeth up as hemlock in the furrows of the field.

Webster's Bible Translation
They have spoken words, swearing falsely in making a covenant: thus judgment springeth up as hemlock in the furrows of the field.

Hosea 10:4 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The End of the Hostile King

As has been already seen, the expressions in Daniel 11:40-43 regarding this king do not agree with Antiochus Epiphanes, so also the statements regarding his end are in contradiction to the historical facts regarding the end of the Syrian king. When the hostile king took possession of Egypt and its treasures, and made the Lybians and Cushites subject to him, tidings from the east and the north overwhelm him with terror. The masc. יבהלהוּ stands ad sensum related to the persons who occasion the reports. The reports excited his anger, so that he goes forth to destroy many. We have to think thus on the reports of revolt and insurrections in the east and the north of his kingdom, which came to his ears in Egypt. On this ground Hitzig, with other interpreters, refuses to refer the statement in Daniel 11:44 to the expedition of Antiochus against the Parthians and Armenians (Tacit. hist. Daniel 11:8, and App. Syr. c. 45, 46; 1 Macc. 3:37), because Antiochus did not undertake this expedition from Egypt; and rather, in regard to the east, thinks on the tidings from Jerusalem of the rebellion of Judea (2 Macc. 5:11ff.; 1 Macc. 1:24), and in regard to the north, on the very problematical expedition against the Aradiaei, without observing, however, that no Scripture writer designates Jerusalem as lying in the east of Egypt, But besides, Antiochus, since he has occupied for some years beyond the Euphrates, and there met with his death, could not shortly before his end lead an expedition out of Egypt against Aradus. What Porphyry says

(Note: The words are: Pugnans contra Aegyptios et Lybias, Aethiopiasque pertransiens, audiet sibi ab aquilone et oriente praelia concitari, unde et regrediens capit Aradios resistentes et omnem in littore Phoenicis vastavit provinciam; confestimque pergit ad Artaxiam regem Armeniae, qui de orientis partibus movebatur.)

(in Jerome under Daniel 11:44) regarding an expedition of Antiochus undertaken from Egypt and Lybia against the Aradiaei and the Armenian king Artaxias, he has gathered only from this verse and from notices regarding the wars of Antiochus against the Aradiaei and king Artaxias (after whose imprisonment, according to App. Syr. c. 46, he died), without having any historical evidence for it. But even though the statement of Porphyry were better established, yet it would not agree with Daniel 11:45; for when the king goes forth, in consequence of the report brought to him, to destroy many, he plants, according to Daniel 11:45, his palace-tent near to the holy mount, and here comes to his end; thus meeting with his destruction in the Holy Land not far from Jerusalem, while Antiochus, according to Polybius and Porphyry, died in the Persian city of Tabae on his return from Persia to Babylon.

Hosea 10:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

swearing.

Hosea 6:7 But they like men have transgressed the covenant: there have they dealt treacherously against me.

2 Kings 17:3,4 Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents...

Ezekiel 17:13-19 And has taken of the king's seed, and made a covenant with him, and has taken an oath of him: he has also taken the mighty of the land...

Romans 1:31 Without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:

2 Timothy 3:3 Without natural affection, truce breakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

thus.

Deuteronomy 29:18 Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turns away this day from the LORD our God...

Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment...

Isaiah 59:13-15 In transgressing and lying against the LORD, and departing away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt...

Amos 5:7 You who turn judgment to wormwood, and leave off righteousness in the earth,

Amos 6:12 Shall horses run on the rock? will one plow there with oxen? for you have turned judgment into gall...

Acts 8:23 For I perceive that you are in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity.

Hebrews 12:15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you...

Revelation 8:10,11 And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 31:16
And the LORD said to Moses, "Behold, you are about to lie down with your fathers. Then this people will rise and whore after the foreign gods among them in the land that they are entering, and they will forsake me and break my covenant that I have made with them.

Deuteronomy 31:17
Then my anger will be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them and hide my face from them, and they will be devoured. And many evils and troubles will come upon them, so that they will say in that day, 'Have not these evils come upon us because our God is not among us?'

2 Kings 17:3
Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria. And Hoshea became his vassal and paid him tribute.

2 Kings 17:4
But the king of Assyria found treachery in Hoshea, for he had sent messengers to So, king of Egypt, and offered no tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year. Therefore the king of Assyria shut him up and bound him in prison.

Ezekiel 17:13
And he took one of the royal offspring and made a covenant with him, putting him under oath (the chief men of the land he had taken away),

Hosea 4:2
there is swearing, lying, murder, stealing, and committing adultery; they break all bounds, and bloodshed follows bloodshed.

Amos 5:7
O you who turn justice to wormwood and cast down righteousness to the earth!

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