Isaiah 10:29
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
they have crossed over the pass; at Geba they lodge for the night; Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul has fled.

King James Bible
They are gone over the passage: they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramah is afraid; Gibeah of Saul is fled.

American Standard Version
they are gone over the pass; they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramah trembleth; Gibeah of Saul is fled.

Douay-Rheims Bible
They have passed in haste, Gaba is our lodging: Rama was astonished, Gabaath of Saul fled away.

English Revised Version
they are gone over the pass; they have taken up their lodging at Geba: Ramah trembleth; Gibeah of Saul is fled.

Webster's Bible Translation
They have gone over the passage: they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramah is afraid; Gibeah of Saul hath fled.

Isaiah 10:29 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

To Him the remnant of Israel would turn, but only the remnant. "For if thy people were even as the sea-sand, the remnant thereof will turn: destruction is firmly determined, flowing away righteousness. For the Lord, Jehovah of hosts, completes the finishing stroke and that which is firmly determined, within the whole land." As the words are not preceded by any negative clause, ci 'im are not combined in the sense of sed or nisi; but they belong to two sentences, and signify nam si (for if). If the number of the Israelites were the highest that had been promised, only the remnant among them, or of them (bō partitive, like the French en), would turn, or, as the nearer definition ad Deum is wanting here, come back to their right position. With regard to the great mass, destruction was irrevocably determined (râchatz, τέμνειν, then to resolve upon anything, ἀποτόμως, 1 Kings 20:40); and this destruction "overflowed with righteousness," or rather "flowed on (shōtēph, as in Isaiah 28:18) righteousness," i.e., brought forth righteousness as it flowed onwards, so that it was like a swell of the penal righteousness of God (shâtaph, with the accusative, according to Ges. 138, Anm. 2). That cillâyōn is not used here in the sense of completion any more than in Deuteronomy 28:65, is evident from Isaiah 10:23, where câlâh (fem. of câleh, that which vanishes, then the act of vanishing, the end) is used interchangeably with it, and necherâtzâh indicates judgment as a thing irrevocably decided (as in Isaiah 28:22, and borrowed from these passages in Daniel 9:27; Daniel 11:36). Such a judgment of extermination the almighty Judge had determined to carry fully out (‛ōseh in the sense of a fut. instans) within all the land (b'kereb, within, not b'thok, in the midst of), that is to say, one that would embrace the whole land and all the people, and would destroy, if not every individual without exception, at any rate the great mass, except a very few.

Isaiah 10:29 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the passage

1 Samuel 13:23 And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.

1 Samuel 14:4 And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side...

Geba

Joshua 21:17 And out of the tribe of Benjamin, Gibeon with her suburbs, Geba with her suburbs,

1 Kings 15:23 The rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might, and all that he did, and the cities which he built...

Ramah

Joshua 18:24,25 And Chepharhaammonai, and Ophni, and Gaba; twelve cities with their villages...

1 Samuel 7:17 And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar to the LORD.

1 Samuel 15:34 Then Samuel went to Ramah; and Saul went up to his house to Gibeah of Saul.

Jeremiah 31:15 Thus said the LORD; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, and bitter weeping...

Hosea 5:8 Blow you the cornet in Gibeah, and the trumpet in Ramah: cry aloud at Bethaven, after you, O Benjamin.

gibeah

Judges 19:12-15 And his master said to him, We will not turn aside here into the city of a stranger, that is not of the children of Israel...

1 Samuel 11:4 Then came the messengers to Gibeah of Saul, and told the tidings in the ears of the people: and all the people lifted up their voices...

1 Samuel 13:2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel...

Hosea 9:9 They have deeply corrupted themselves, as in the days of Gibeah: therefore he will remember their iniquity, he will visit their sins.

Hosea 10:9 O Israel, you have sinned from the days of Gibeah: there they stood...

Cross References
Joshua 18:24
Chephar-ammoni, Ophni, Geba--twelve cities with their villages:

Joshua 18:25
Gibeon, Ramah, Beeroth,

Joshua 21:17
then out of the tribe of Benjamin, Gibeon with its pasturelands, Geba with its pasturelands,

1 Samuel 7:17
Then he would return to Ramah, for his home was there, and there also he judged Israel. And he built there an altar to the LORD.

1 Samuel 10:26
Saul also went to his home at Gibeah, and with him went men of valor whose hearts God had touched.

1 Samuel 13:16
And Saul and Jonathan his son and the people who were present with them stayed in Geba of Benjamin, but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.

1 Samuel 13:23
And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash.

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Afraid Camp Crossed Fear Fled Flight Geba Gibeah Gib'e-Ah Gibeath-Shaul Lodging Mountain Night Passage Ramah Resting-Place Saul Shaking Terrified Tonight Trembled Trembles Trembleth
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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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