Isaiah 40:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
An idol! A craftsman casts it, and a goldsmith overlays it with gold and casts for it silver chains.

King James Bible
The workman melteth a graven image, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth silver chains.

American Standard Version
The image, a workman hath cast it , and the goldsmith overlayeth it with gold, and casteth for it'silver chains.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Hath the workman cast a graven statue? or hath the goldsmith formed it with gold, or the silversmith with plates of silver?

English Revised Version
The graven image, a workman melted it, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth for it silver chains.

Webster's Bible Translation
The workman melteth a graven image, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth silver chains.

Isaiah 40:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

A second question follows in Isaiah 40:13, Isaiah 40:14. "Who regulated the Spirit of Jehovah, and (who) instructed Him as His counsellor? With whom took He counsel, and who would have explained to Him and instructed Him concerning the path of right, and taught Him knowledge, and made known to Him a prudent course?" The first question called to mind the omnipotence of Jehovah; this recalls His omniscience, which has all fulness in itself, and therefore precludes all instruction from without. "The Spirit of Jehovah" is the Spirit which moved upon the waters at the creation, and by which chaos was reduced to order. "Who," inquires this prophet - "who furnished this Spirit with the standard, according to which all this was to be done?" תּכּן as in Isaiah 40:12, to bring into conformity with rule, and so to fit for regulated working. Instead of mercha tifchah athnach, which suggests the Targum rendering, "quis direxit spiritum? Jehova" (vid., Proverbs 16:2), it would be more correct to adopt the accentuation tifchah munach athnach (cf., Exodus 21:24; Exodus 23:9), and there are certain codices in which we find this (see Dachselt). In Isaiah 40:13 we might follow the Septuagint translation, καὶ τίς αὐτοῦ σύμβουλος ἐγένετο ὃς σύμβιβᾶ (Romans 11:34; 1 Corinthians 2:16, συμβιβάσει) αὐτόν, but in this case we miss the verb היה. The rendering we have given above is not so harsh, and the accentuation is indifferent here, since silluk is never written without tifchahif only a single word precedes it. In Isaiah 40:14 the reciprocal נוע is connected with את equals אם. The futt. cons. retain their literal meaning: with whom did He consult, so that he supplied Him with understanding in consequence (hēbhı̄n, generally to understand, here in a causative sense). The verbs of instruction are sometimes construed with בּ of the lesson taught, sometimes with a double accusative. In reply to the questions in Isaiah 40:13, Isaiah 40:14, which are essentially one, Israel must acknowledge that its God is the possessor of absolute might, and also of absolute wisdom.

Isaiah 40:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 37:18,19 Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations, and their countries...

Isaiah 41:6,7 They helped every one his neighbor; and every one said to his brother, Be of good courage...

Isaiah 44:10-12 Who has formed a god, or molten a graven image that is profitable for nothing...

Isaiah 46:6,7 They lavish gold out of the bag, and weigh silver in the balance, and hire a goldsmith; and he makes it a god: they fall down, yes...

Exodus 32:2-4 And Aaron said to them, Break off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters...

Judges 17:4 Yet he restored the money to his mother; and his mother took two hundred shekels of silver, and gave them to the founder...

Psalm 115:4-8 Their idols are silver and gold, the work of men's hands...

Psalm 135:15,18 The idols of the heathen are silver and gold, the work of men's hands...

Jeremiah 10:3-5,9 For the customs of the people are vain: for one cuts a tree out of the forest, the work of the hands of the workman, with the ax...

Hosea 8:6 For from Israel was it also: the workman made it; therefore it is not God: but the calf of Samaria shall be broken in pieces.

Habakkuk 2:18,19 What profits the graven image that the maker thereof has graven it; the molten image, and a teacher of lies...

Cross References
Psalm 115:4
Their idols are silver and gold, the work of human hands.

Isaiah 2:8
Their land is filled with idols; they bow down to the work of their hands, to what their own fingers have made.

Isaiah 2:20
In that day mankind will cast away their idols of silver and their idols of gold, which they made for themselves to worship, to the moles and to the bats,

Isaiah 30:22
Then you will defile your carved idols overlaid with silver and your gold-plated metal images. You will scatter them as unclean things. You will say to them, "Be gone!"

Isaiah 41:7
The craftsman strengthens the goldsmith, and he who smooths with the hammer him who strikes the anvil, saying of the soldering, "It is good"; and they strengthen it with nails so that it cannot be moved.

Isaiah 44:10
Who fashions a god or casts an idol that is profitable for nothing?

Isaiah 44:12
The ironsmith takes a cutting tool and works it over the coals. He fashions it with hammers and works it with his strong arm. He becomes hungry, and his strength fails; he drinks no water and is faint.

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