Isaiah 40:19
New International Version
As for an idol, a metalworker casts it, and a goldsmith overlays it with gold and fashions silver chains for it.

New Living Translation
Can he be compared to an idol formed in a mold, overlaid with gold, and decorated with silver chains?

English Standard Version
An idol! A craftsman casts it, and a goldsmith overlays it with gold and casts for it silver chains.

Berean Study Bible
To an idol that a craftsman casts and a metalworker overlays with gold and fits with silver chains?

King James Bible
The workman melteth a graven image, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth silver chains.

New King James Version
The workman molds an image, The goldsmith overspreads it with gold, And the silversmith casts silver chains.

New American Standard Bible
As for the idol, a craftsman casts it, A goldsmith plates it with gold, And a silversmith fashions chains of silver.

NASB 1995
As for the idol, a craftsman casts it, A goldsmith plates it with gold, And a silversmith fashions chains of silver.

NASB 1977
As for the idol, a craftsman casts it, A goldsmith plates it with gold, And a silversmith fashions chains of silver.

Amplified Bible
As for the cast image (idol), a metalworker casts it, A goldsmith overlays it with gold And a silversmith casts its silver chains.

Christian Standard Bible
An idol?—something that a smelter casts and a metalworker plates with gold and makes silver chains for?

Holman Christian Standard Bible
To an idol?--something that a smelter casts, and a metalworker plates with gold and makes silver welds for it?

American Standard Version
The image, a workman hath cast it , and the goldsmith overlayeth it with gold, and casteth for it'silver chains.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
An image is what a carpenter made, and a goldsmith overlaid it in gold and refined silver

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Has not the artificer made an image, or the goldsmith having melted gold, gilt it over, and made it a similitude?

Contemporary English Version
Is an idol at all like God? It is made of bronze with a thin layer of gold, and decorated with silver.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Hath the workman cast a graven statue? or hath the goldsmith formed it with gold, or the silversmith with plates of silver?

English Revised Version
The graven image, a workman melted it, and the goldsmith spreadeth it over with gold, and casteth for it silver chains.

Good News Translation
He is not like an idol that workers make, that metalworkers cover with gold and set in a base of silver.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Craftsmen make idols. Goldsmiths cover them with gold. Silversmiths make silver chains for them.

International Standard Version
To an idol? A craftsman makes the image, and a goldsmith overlays it with gold and casts silver chains.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The image perchance, which the craftsman hath melted, And the goldsmith spread over with gold, The silversmith casting silver chains?

Literal Standard Version
An artisan has poured out the carved image, "" And a refiner spreads it over with gold, "" And he is refining chains of silver.

NET Bible
A craftsman casts an idol; a metalsmith overlays it with gold and forges silver chains for it.

New Heart English Bible
A workman has cast an image, and the goldsmith overlays it with gold, and casts silver chains for it.

World English Bible
A workman has cast an image, and the goldsmith overlays it with gold, and casts silver chains for it.

Young's Literal Translation
The graven image poured out hath a artisan, And a refiner with gold spreadeth it over, And chains of silver he is refining.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Here is Your God!
18To whom will you liken God? To what image will you compare Him? 19To an idol that a craftsman casts and a metalworker overlays with gold and fits with silver chains? 20To one bereft of an offering who chooses wood that will not rot, who seeks a skilled craftsman to set up an idol that will not topple?…

Cross References
Psalm 115:4
Their idols are silver and gold, made by the hands of men.

Isaiah 2:8
Their land is full of idols; they bow down to the work of their hands, to what their fingers have made.

Isaiah 2:20
In that day men will cast away to the moles and bats their idols of silver and gold--the idols they made to worship.

Isaiah 30:22
So you will desecrate your silver-plated idols and your gold-plated images. You will throw them away like menstrual cloths, saying to them, "Be gone!"

Isaiah 41:7
The craftsman encourages the goldsmith, and he who wields the hammer cheers him who strikes the anvil, saying of the welding, "It is good." He nails it down so it will not be toppled.

Isaiah 44:10
Who fashions a god or casts an idol which profits him nothing?

Isaiah 44:12
The blacksmith takes a tool and labors over the coals; he fashions an idol with hammers and forges it with his strong arms. Yet he grows hungry and loses his strength; he fails to drink water and grows faint.

Isaiah 46:6
They pour out their bags of gold and weigh out silver on scales; they hire a goldsmith to fashion it into a god, so they can bow down and worship.

Jeremiah 10:4
They adorn it with silver and gold and fasten it with hammer and nails, so that it will not totter.

Jeremiah 10:9
Hammered silver is brought from Tarshish, and gold from Uphaz--the work of a craftsman from the hands of a goldsmith. Their clothes are blue and purple, all fashioned by skilled workers.

Daniel 5:4
As they drank the wine, they praised their gods of gold and silver, bronze and iron, wood and stone.

Habakkuk 2:18
What use is an idol, that a craftsman should carve it--or an image, a teacher of lies? For its maker trusts in his own creation; he makes idols that cannot speak.

Habakkuk 2:19
Woe to him who says to wood, 'Awake!' or to silent stone, 'Arise!' Can it give guidance? Behold, it is overlaid with gold and silver, yet there is no breath in it at all."


Treasury of Scripture

The workman melts a graven image, and the goldsmith spreads it over with gold, and casts silver chains.

Isaiah 37:18,19
Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations, and their countries, …

Isaiah 41:6,7
They helped every one his neighbour; and every one said to his brother, Be of good courage…

Isaiah 44:10-12
Who hath formed a god, or molten a graven image that is profitable for nothing? …









(19) The workman melteth . . .--The reign of Ahaz, not to speak of that of Manasseh, must have supplied the prophet with his picture of the idol factory not less fully than if he had lived in Babylon or Nineveh.

Spreadeth it over with gold.--The image of lead was covered over, as in the well-known story of Phidias's "Zeus," with plates of gold. The "silver chains" fastened it to the wall.

Verse 19. - The workman melteth a graven image; rather, the workman casteth an image (comp. Isaiah 41:7; Isaiah 44:9-17; Isaiah 46:6, 7). Israel's tendency to idolatry has been touched on in the earlier prophecies once or twice (Isaiah 2:8, 20; Isaiah 31:7); but in the later chapters idolatry is assailed with a frequency, a pungency, and a vigour that are new, and that imply a change, either in the prophet's circumstances or in his standpoint. Perhaps it is enough to suppose that, placing himself ideally among the captives, Isaiah sees that the Babylonian idolatry will be, or at any rate may be, a snare to them, and provides an antidote against the subtle poison. The special antidote which he employs is ridicule, and the first ground of his ridicule is the genesis or formation of an image. It is made by man himself, out of known material substances. Either a figure is cast in some inferior metal, and then coated with gold and finished with the graving tool, or a mere block of wood is taken and cut into shape. Can it be supposed that such things are "likenesses" of God, or that he is comparable to them? Casteth silver chains; as ornaments to be worn by the images, which were often dressed (see Thucyd., 2:13; Baruch 6:9-12).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
To an idol
הַפֶּ֙סֶל֙ (hap·pe·sel)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6459: An idol, image

that a craftsman
חָרָ֔שׁ (ḥā·rāš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2796: A fabricator, any material

casts
נָסַ֣ךְ (nā·saḵ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5258: To pour out, a libation, to cast, to anoint a, king

and a metalworker
וְצֹרֵ֖ף (wə·ṣō·rêp̄)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6884: To smelt, refine, test

overlays
יְרַקְּעֶ֑נּוּ (yə·raq·qə·‘en·nū)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7554: To pound the earth, to expand, to overlay

with gold
בַּזָּהָ֣ב (baz·zā·hāḇ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

and fits with
צוֹרֵֽף׃ (ṣō·w·rêp̄)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 6884: To smelt, refine, test

silver
כֶּ֖סֶף (ke·sep̄)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3701: Silver, money

chains?
וּרְתֻק֥וֹת (ū·rə·ṯu·qō·wṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's 7577: Something fastened, a chain


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OT Prophets: Isaiah 40:19 A workman has cast an image (Isa Isi Is)
Isaiah 40:18
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