Isaiah 3:3
New International Version
the captain of fifty and the man of rank, the counselor, skilled craftsman and clever enchanter.

New Living Translation
army officers and high officials, advisers, skilled sorcerers, and astrologers.

English Standard Version
the captain of fifty and the man of rank, the counselor and the skillful magician and the expert in charms.

Berean Study Bible
the commander of fifty and the dignitary, the counselor, the cunning magician, and the clever enchanter.

King James Bible
The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counseller, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator.

New King James Version
The captain of fifty and the honorable man, The counselor and the skillful artisan, And the expert enchanter.

New American Standard Bible
The captain of fifty and the esteemed person, The counselor and the expert artisan, And the skillful enchanter.

NASB 1995
The captain of fifty and the honorable man, The counselor and the expert artisan, And the skillful enchanter.

NASB 1977
The captain of fifty and the honorable man, The counselor and the expert artisan, And the skillful enchanter.

Amplified Bible
The captain of fifty and the man of honor, The counselor and the expert artisan, And the skillful enchanter.

Christian Standard Bible
commanders of fifty and dignitaries, counselors, cunning magicians, and necromancers.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
the commander of 50 and the dignitary, the counselor, cunning magician, and necromancer."

American Standard Version
the captain of fifty, and the honorable man, and the counsellor, and the expert artificer, and the skilful enchanter.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the Captain of fifty and the honored faces and the Counselor and the wise Carpenter and the discerning ones in counsel

Brenton Septuagint Translation
the captain of fifty also, and the honourable counsellor, and the wise artificer, and the intelligent hearer.

Contemporary English Version
officials and advisors, fortunetellers and others who tell the future.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The captain over fifty, and the honourable in countenance, and the counsellor, and the architect, and the skilful in eloquent speech.

English Revised Version
the captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the skilful enchanter.

Good News Translation
their military and civilian leaders, their politicians and everyone who uses magic to control events.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
military leaders and civilian leaders, counselors, skilled workers, and experts in magic.

International Standard Version
the commander of fifty and the man of rank, and the counselor, the expert magician, and the medium.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The captain of fifty, and the man of rank, And the counsellor, and the cunning charmer, and the skilful enchanter.

Literal Standard Version
Head of fifty, and accepted of faces, "" And counselor, and wise craftsmen, "" And discerning charmer.

NET Bible
captains of groups of fifty, the respected citizens, advisers and those skilled in magical arts, and those who know incantations.

New Heart English Bible
And I will make youths to be their leaders, and capricious children shall rule over them.

World English Bible
the captain of fifty, the honorable man, the counselor, the skilled craftsman, and the clever enchanter.

Young's Literal Translation
Head of fifty, and accepted of faces, And counsellor, and the wise of artificers, And the intelligent of charmers.

Additional Translations ...
Context
A Judgment Against Judah
2the mighty man and the warrior, the judge and the prophet, the soothsayer and the elder, 3the commander of fifty and the dignitary, the counselor, the cunning magician, and the clever enchanter. 4“I will make mere lads their leaders, and children will rule over them.”…

Cross References
Job 22:8
while the land belonged to a mighty man, and a man of honor lived on it.

Isaiah 3:2
the mighty man and the warrior, the judge and the prophet, the soothsayer and the elder,

Isaiah 3:4
"I will make mere lads their leaders, and children will rule over them."

Isaiah 5:13
Therefore My people will go into exile for their lack of understanding; their dignitaries are starving and their masses are parched with thirst.

Isaiah 9:15
The head is the elder and honorable man, and the tail is the prophet who teaches lies.


Treasury of Scripture

The captain of fifty, and the honorable man, and the counselor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator.

captain

Exodus 18:21
Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

Deuteronomy 1:15
So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and captains over fifties, and captains over tens, and officers among your tribes.

1 Samuel 8:12
And he will appoint him captains over thousands, and captains over fifties; and will set them to ear his ground, and to reap his harvest, and to make his instruments of war, and instruments of his chariots.

the honourable man.

Judges 8:18
Then said he unto Zebah and Zalmunna, What manner of men were they whom ye slew at Tabor? And they answered, As thou art, so were they; each one resembled the children of a king.

eloquent orator.

Exodus 4:10,14-16
And Moses said unto the LORD, O my Lord, I am not eloquent, neither heretofore, nor since thou hast spoken unto thy servant: but I am slow of speech, and of a slow tongue…









(3) The captain of fifty, and the honourable man.--The first title implies a division like that of Exodus 18:21, of which "fifty" was all but the minimum unit. So we have the three "captains of fifty" in 2Kings 1:9-15. The "honourable man" (literally, eminent in countenance) would seem to occupy a position in the civil service of the State analogous to that of the "captain of fifty" in the military.

The counsellor, and the cunning artificer.--From the modern stand-point the two classes seem at opposite extremes of the social order. The latter, however (literally, masters in arts), would seem to have occupied a higher position in the East, like that of military or civil engineers or artists with us. So in 2Kings 24:14, Jeremiah 24:1, the "craftsmen and the smiths" are grouped with the "men of might" who were carried to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar, and contrasted with the poor who were left behind. The military works of Uzziah had doubtless given a prominence to the "cunning men" who were employed on them (2Chronicles 26:15). By some critics, however, the word is taken as equal to "magician."

The eloquent orator.--Literally, skilled in speech. The Authorised Version suggests the idea of the power of such skill in controlling the debates of popular assemblies. Here, however, the thought is rather that of one who says the right words at the right time; or possibly the enchanter who has his formulae (the word implies the whisper of incantations, as in Isaiah 8:19) ready at command for all occasions.

Verse 3. - The captain of fifty. "Captains of fifties" were scarcely at this period "civil officers" (Cheyne). They represent simply the lowest grade of officers in the army (2 Kings 1:9, 11, 13). Honorable. The same expression is used again in Isaiah 9:15. It occurs also in 2 Kings 5. I and Job 22:8. The cunning artificer. "All the craftsmen and smiths" in Jerusalem were carried away by Nebuchadnezzar in the captivity of Jehoiachin (2 Kings 24:14; cf. Jeremiah 24:1). They were among the most valuable of the population, in time of war no less than of peace, since on them depended the construction and repair of the military engines which were regarded as of so much importance (2 Chronicles 26:15). The eloquent orator; rather, the expert enchanter (comp. Ecclesiastes 10:11; Jeremiah 8:17).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
the commander
שַׂר־ (śar-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

of fifty
חֲמִשִּׁ֖ים (ḥă·miš·šîm)
Number - common plural
Strong's 2572: Fifty

and the dignitary,
וּנְשׂ֣וּא (ū·nə·śū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular construct
Strong's 5375: To lift, carry, take

the counselor,
וְיוֹעֵ֛ץ (wə·yō·w·‘êṣ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 3289: To advise, to deliberate, resolve

the cunning
וַחֲכַ֥ם (wa·ḥă·ḵam)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine singular construct
Strong's 2450: Wise

magician,
חֲרָשִׁ֖ים (ḥă·rā·šîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 2798: Ge-harashim -- 'craftsmen', a man of Judah

and the clever
וּנְב֥וֹן (ū·nə·ḇō·wn)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Participle - masculine singular construct
Strong's 995: To separate mentally, understand

enchanter.
לָֽחַשׁ׃ (lā·ḥaš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3908: A whisper, a private prayer, an incantation, an amulet


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OT Prophets: Isaiah 3:3 The captain of fifty the honorable man (Isa Isi Is)
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