Isaiah 55:4
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Behold, I made him a witness to the peoples, a leader and commander for the peoples.

King James Bible
Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.

American Standard Version
Behold, I have given him for a witness to the peoples, a leader and commander to the peoples.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Behold I have given him for a witness to the people, for a leader and a master to the Gentiles.

English Revised Version
Behold, I have given him for a witness to the peoples, a leader and commander to the peoples.

Webster's Bible Translation
Behold, I have given him for a witness to the people, a leader and commander to the people.

Isaiah 55:4 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

In perfect keeping with this grace through righteousness, Jerusalem will then stand firm and impregnable. "Through righteousness wilt thou be fortified: be far from anxiety, for thou hast nothing to fear; and from terror, for it will not come near thee. Behold, men crowd together in crowds; my will is not there. Who crowd together against thee? - he shall fall by thee." Both the thought and action of Jerusalem will be righteousness then, and it will thereby acquire strength; תּכּונני is a pausal future hithpalel, with the ת of the reflective opening syllable assimilated (Ges. 53, 2, b). With this reciprocal influence of its moral character and imparted glory, it can, and is to keep far away from all thought of oppression and terror; for, through divine grace and a corresponding divine nature, it has nothing to fear. הן (Isaiah 54:15), when pointing to any transaction as possible (as, for example, in Job 12:14; Job 23:8), acquires almost the significance of a conditional particle (Ewald, 103, g). The equally hypothetical parallel clause is clothed in the form of an interrogative. For the verb gūr, the meaning "to gather together" (related to אגר), more especially to join together with hostile intention (cf., συνάγεσθαι, Revelation 19:19; Revelation 20:8), is sustained by Psalm 56:7; Psalm 59:4; and with גּרה, lacessere, it has nothing to do (Hitzig and Ewald). אתּך has the force of contra te, as in the case of verbs of combat. The first apodosis is this: "but it takes place entirely away from me," i.e., without and against my will; מאותי equals מאתּי (as in Isaiah 59:21), and אותם equals אתּם, are no sure signs of a later usage; for this alternation of the two forms of את is met with as early as Joshua 14:12. The second apodosis is, "he will fall upon (or against) thee," or, as we should say, "founder," or "be wrecked." It is far more likely that this is the meaning of the words, than that they mean "he will fall to thy lot" (על נפל, like ל נפל elsewhere, to fall to a person); for the context here is a totally different one from Isaiah 45:14, and we look for nothing more than a declaration of the utter failure and ruin of the undertaking.

Isaiah 55:4 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I have

John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish...

John 18:37 Pilate therefore said to him, Are you a king then? Jesus answered, You say that I am a king. To this end was I born...

1 Timothy 6:13 I give you charge in the sight of God, who vivifies all things, and before Christ Jesus...

Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth...

Revelation 3:14 And to the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things said the Amen, the faithful and true witness...

a leader

Isaiah 49:8-10 Thus said the LORD, In an acceptable time have I heard you, and in a day of salvation have I helped you: and I will preserve you...

Psalm 2:6 Yet have I set my king on my holy hill of Zion.

Jeremiah 30:9 But they shall serve the LORD their God, and David their king, whom I will raise up to them.

Ezekiel 34:23,24 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them...

Daniel 9:25 Know therefore and understand...

Hosea 3:5 Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek the LORD their God, and David their king...

Micah 5:2-4 But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, though you be little among the thousands of Judah...

Matthew 2:6 And you Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, are not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of you shall come a Governor...

Matthew 28:18-20 And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, All power is given to me in heaven and in earth...

John 10:3,27 To him the porter opens; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calls his own sheep by name, and leads them out...

John 12:26 If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honor.

John 13:13 You call me Master and Lord: and you say well; for so I am.

2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ:

Ephesians 5:24 Therefore as the church is subject to Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in every thing.

Hebrews 2:10 For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory...

Hebrews 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation to all them that obey him;

Cross References
Psalm 18:43
You delivered me from strife with the people; you made me the head of the nations; people whom I had not known served me.

Isaiah 16:5
then a throne will be established in steadfast love, and on it will sit in faithfulness in the tent of David one who judges and seeks justice and is swift to do righteousness."

Jeremiah 30:9
But they shall serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them.

Ezekiel 34:24
And I, the LORD, will be their God, and my servant David shall be prince among them. I am the LORD; I have spoken.

Ezekiel 37:24
"My servant David shall be king over them, and they shall all have one shepherd. They shall walk in my rules and be careful to obey my statutes.

Ezekiel 37:25
They shall dwell in the land that I gave to my servant Jacob, where your fathers lived. They and their children and their children's children shall dwell there forever, and David my servant shall be their prince forever.

Daniel 9:25
Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in a troubled time.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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