Jeremiah 40:2
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The captain of the guard took Jeremiah and said to him, “The LORD your God pronounced this disaster against this place.

King James Bible
And the captain of the guard took Jeremiah, and said unto him, The LORD thy God hath pronounced this evil upon this place.

American Standard Version
And the captain of the guard took Jeremiah, and said unto him, Jehovah thy God pronounced this evil upon this place;

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the general of the army taking Jeremias, said to him: The Lord thy God hath pronounced this evil upon this place,

English Revised Version
And the captain of the guard took Jeremiah, and said unto him, the LORD thy God pronounced this evil upon this place:

Webster's Bible Translation
And the captain of the guard took Jeremiah, and said to him, The LORD thy God hath pronounced this evil upon this place.

Jeremiah 40:2 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Nebuchadnezzar gave orders regarding Jeremiah, through Nebuzaradan, the chief of the body-guards: "Take him, and set thine eyes upon him, and do him no harm; but, just as he telleth thee, so do with him." In obedience to this command, "Nebuzaradan, the chief of the body-guards, sent-and Nebushasban the head chamberlain, and Nergal-sharezer the chief magician, and all (the other) chief men of the king of Babylon-they sent and took Jeremiah out of the court of the prison, and delivered him over to Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, to take him out to the house. Thus he dwelt among the people." - On the names of the Chaldean grandees, see on Jeremiah 39:3. Instead of the chief chamberlain (רב־סריס) Sarsechim, there is here named, as occupying this office, Nebushasban, who, it seems, along with Nebuzaradan, was not sent from Riblah till after the taking of Jerusalem, when Sarsechim was relieved.

We cannot come to any certain conclusion regarding the relation in which the two persons or names stand to one another, since Nebushasban is only mentioned in Jeremiah 39:13, just as Sarsechim is mentioned only in Jeremiah 39:3. Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the man who had already on a former occasion given protection to Jeremiah (Jeremiah 26:24), was, according to Jeremiah 40:5, placed by the king of Babylon over the cities of Judah, i.e., was nominated the Chaldean governor over Judah and the Jews who were left in the land. To him, as such, Jeremiah is here (Jeremiah 39:14) delivered, that he may take him into the house. בּית is neither the temple (Hitzig) nor the palace, the king's house (Graf), but the house in which Gedaliah resided as the governor; and we find here הבּית, not בּביתו, since the house was neither the property nor the permanent dwelling-place of Gedaliah. - According to this account, Jeremiah seems to have remained in the court of the prison till Nebuchadnezzar came, to have been liberated by Nebuzaradan only at the command of the king, and to have been sent to Gedaliah the governor. But this is contradicted by the account in Jeremiah 40:1., according to which, Nebuzaradan liberated the prophet in Ramah, where he had been kept, confined by manacles, among the captives of Judah that were to be carried to Babylon: Nebuzaradan sent for him, and gave him his liberty. This contradiction has arisen simply from the intense brevity with which, in this verse, the fate of Jeremiah at the capture and destruction of Jerusalem is recorded; it is easy to settle the difference in this way: - When the city was taken, those inhabitants, especially males, who had not carried arms, were seized by the Chaldeans and carried out of the city to Ramah, where they were held prisoners till the decision of the king regarding their fate should be made known. Jeremiah shared this lot with his fellow-countrymen. When, after this, Nebuzaradan came to Jerusalem to execute the king's commands regarding the city and its inhabitants, at the special order of his monarch, he sent for Jeremiah the prophet, taking him out from among the crowd of prisoners who had been already carried away to Ramah, loosed him from his fetters, and gave him permission to choose his place of residence. This liberation of Jeremiah from his confinement might, in a summary account, be called a sending for him out of the court of the prison, even though the prophet, at the exact moment of his liberation, was no longer in the court of the prison of the palace at Jerusalem, but had been already carried away to Ramah as a captive.

Jeremiah 40:2 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The Lord.

Jeremiah 22:8,9 And many nations shall pass by this city, and they shall say every man to his neighbor, Why has the LORD done thus to this great city...

Deuteronomy 29:24-28 Even all nations shall say, Why has the LORD done thus to this land? what means the heat of this great anger...

1 Kings 9:8,9 And at this house, which is high, every one that passes by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss; and they shall say...

2 Chronicles 7:20-22 Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name...

Lamentations 2:15-17 All that pass by clap their hands at you; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, saying...

Cross References
Leviticus 26:14
"But if you will not listen to me and will not do all these commandments,

Deuteronomy 28:15
"But if you will not obey the voice of the LORD your God or be careful to do all his commandments and his statutes that I command you today, then all these curses shall come upon you and overtake you.

Deuteronomy 29:24
all the nations will say, 'Why has the LORD done thus to this land? What caused the heat of this great anger?'

Deuteronomy 31:17
Then my anger will be kindled against them in that day, and I will forsake them and hide my face from them, and they will be devoured. And many evils and troubles will come upon them, so that they will say in that day, 'Have not these evils come upon us because our God is not among us?'

Deuteronomy 32:19
"The LORD saw it and spurned them, because of the provocation of his sons and his daughters.

Jeremiah 22:8
"'And many nations will pass by this city, and every man will say to his neighbor, "Why has the LORD dealt thus with this great city?"

Jeremiah 22:9
And they will answer, "Because they have forsaken the covenant of the LORD their God and worshiped other gods and served them."'"

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