Jeremiah 51:11
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Sharpen the arrows! Take up the shields! The LORD has stirred up the spirit of the kings of the Medes, because his purpose concerning Babylon is to destroy it, for that is the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance for his temple.

King James Bible
Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his device is against Babylon, to destroy it; because it is the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple.

American Standard Version
Make sharp the arrows; hold firm the shields: Jehovah hath stirred up the spirit of the kings of the Medes; because his purpose is against Babylon, to destroy it: for it is the vengeance of Jehovah, the vengeance of his temple.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Sharpen the arrows, fill the quivers, the Lord hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: and his mind is against Babylon to destroy it, because it is the vengeance of the Lord, the vengeance of his temple.

English Revised Version
Make sharp the arrows; hold firm the shields: the LORD hath stirred up the spirit of the kings of the Medes; because his device is against Babylon, to destroy it: for it is the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple.

Webster's Bible Translation
Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his purpose is against Babylon, to destroy it; because it is the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple.

Jeremiah 51:11 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

Because of the righteousness of Israel, Babylon is to be irretrievably destroyed. Jeremiah 51:5. "For Israel is not forsaken, nor Judah of his God, of Jahveh of hosts; but their land is full of guilt because of the Holy One of Israel. Jeremiah 51:6. Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and save ye every one his life: do not perish for her iniquity; because it is a time of vengeance for Jahveh; He renders to her what she has committed. Jeremiah 51:7. Babylon [was] a golden cup in the hand of Jahveh, that intoxicated all the earth. Nations have drunk of her wine, therefore nations are mad. Jeremiah 51:8. Babylon has fallen suddenly and been broken: howl over her: take balsam for her pain; perhaps she may be healed. Jeremiah 51:9. 'We have tried to heal Babylon, but she is not healed. Leave her, and let us go each one to his own land; for her judgment reaches unto heaven, and is lifted up to the clouds.' Jeremiah 51:10. Jahveh hath brought forth our righteousnesses; come, and let us declare in Zion the doing of Jahveh our God. Jeremiah 51:11. Sharpen the arrow, fill the shields: Jahveh hath roused the spirit of the kings of Media; for His counsel is against Babylon, to destroy it; because it is the vengeance of Jahveh, the vengeance of His temple. Jeremiah 51:12. Against the walls of Babylon raise a standard; strengthen the watch, set watchmen, prepare the ambushes: for Jahveh hath both devised and done what He spake against the inhabitants of Babylon. Jeremiah 51:13. O thou that dwellest upon many waters, rich in treasures, thine end hath sworn by Himself, 'Surely I have filled thee with men, as [with] the locust; and they shall raise a shout of joy against thee.'"

The offence of Babylon against the Holy One of Israel demands its destruction. In Jeremiah 51:5, two reasons are given for God's determination to destroy Babylon. The Lord is induced to this (1) by His relation to Israel and Judah, whom Babylon will not let go; (2) by the grave offence of Babylon. Israel is לא אלמן, "not widowed," forsaken by his God; i.e., Jahveh, the God of hosts, has not rejected His people for ever, so as not to trouble Himself any more about them; cf. Isaiah 50:1; Isaiah 54:4. "Their land" - the land of the Chaldeans - "is full of guilt before the Holy One of Israel," partly through their relation to Israel (Jeremiah 50:21), partly through their idolatry (Isaiah 50:2, 38). מן does not mean here "on the side of," but "on account of," because they do not acknowledge Jahveh as the Holy One of Israel.

Jeremiah 51:11 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Make

Jeremiah 46:4,9 Harness the horses; and get up, you horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, and put on the brigandines...

Jeremiah 50:9,14,25,28,29 For, see, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon an assembly of great nations from the north country...

Isaiah 21:5 Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink: arise, you princes, and anoint the shield.

bright [heb] pure
the Lord hath

Jeremiah 51:27,28 Set you up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her...

1 Kings 11:14,23 And the LORD stirred up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king's seed in Edom...

1 Chronicles 5:26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria...

2 Chronicles 36:22 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished...

Ezra 1:1 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled...

Isaiah 10:26 And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a whip for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb...

Isaiah 13:17 Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and as for gold, they shall not delight in it.

Isaiah 13:18 Their bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb...

Isaiah 21:2 A grievous vision is declared to me; the treacherous dealer deals treacherously, and the spoiler spoils. Go up, O Elam: besiege...

Isaiah 41:25 I have raised up one from the north, and he shall come: from the rising of the sun shall he call on my name...

Isaiah 45:1,5 Thus said the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have held, to subdue nations before him...

Isaiah 46:11 Calling a ravenous bird from the east, the man that executes my counsel from a far country: yes, I have spoken it...

Revelation 17:16,17 And the ten horns which you saw on the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked...

the spirit Of Cyaxares king of Media, called `Darius the Mede' in scripture; and Cyrus his nephew, king of persia, presumptive heir of the throne of his uncle.

his device

Jeremiah 51:12,29 Set up the standard on the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes...

Jeremiah 50:45 Therefore hear you the counsel of the LORD, that he has taken against Babylon; and his purposes...

the vengeance

Jeremiah 51:24,35 And I will render to Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight...

Jeremiah 50:15,28 Shout against her round about: she has given her hand: her foundations are fallen, her walls are thrown down...

Psalm 74:3-11 Lift up your feet to the perpetual desolations; even all that the enemy has done wickedly in the sanctuary...

Psalm 83:3-9 They have taken crafty counsel against your people, and consulted against your hidden ones...

Habakkuk 2:17-20 For the violence of Lebanon shall cover you, and the spoil of beasts, which made them afraid, because of men's blood...

Zechariah 12:2,3 Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling to all the people round about...

Zechariah 14:2,12 For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished...

Cross References
Leviticus 26:25
And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall execute vengeance for the covenant. And if you gather within your cities, I will send pestilence among you, and you shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy.

Isaiah 13:17
Behold, I am stirring up the Medes against them, who have no regard for silver and do not delight in gold.

Isaiah 45:1
Thus says the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have grasped, to subdue nations before him and to loose the belts of kings, to open doors before him that gates may not be closed:

Jeremiah 25:25
all the kings of Zimri, all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of Media;

Jeremiah 46:3
"Prepare buckler and shield, and advance for battle!

Jeremiah 46:4
Harness the horses; mount, O horsemen! Take your stations with your helmets, polish your spears, put on your armor!

Jeremiah 46:9
Advance, O horses, and rage, O chariots! Let the warriors go out: men of Cush and Put who handle the shield, men of Lud, skilled in handling the bow.

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