Job 15:21
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Dreadful sounds are in his ears; in prosperity the destroyer will come upon him.

King James Bible
A dreadful sound is in his ears: in prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him.

American Standard Version
A sound of terrors is in his ears; In prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The sound of dread is always in his ears: and when there is peace, he always suspecteth treason.

English Revised Version
A sound of terrors is in his ears; in prosperity the spoiler shall come upon him:

Webster's Bible Translation
A dreadful sound is in his ears: in prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him.

Job 15:21 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

14 What is mortal man that he should be pure,

And that he who is born of woman should be righteous?

15 He trusteth not His holy ones,

And the heavens are not pure in His eyes:

16 How much less the abominable and corrupt,

Man, who drinketh iniquity as water!

The exclamation in Job 15:14 is like the utterance: mortal man and man born flesh of flesh cannot be entirely sinless. Even "the holy ones" and "the heavens" are not. The former are, as in Job 5:1, according to Job 4:18, the angels as beings of light (whether קדשׁ signifies to be light from the very first, spotlessly pure, or, vid., Psalter, i. 588f., to be separated, distinct, and hence exalted above what is common); the latter is not another expression for the אנגּלי מרומא (Targ.), the "angels of the heights," but שׁמים is the word used for the highest spheres in which they dwell (comp. Job 25:5); for the angels are certainly not corporeal, but, like all created things, in space, and the Scriptures everywhere speak of angels and the starry heavens together. Hence the angels are called the morning stars in Job 38:7, and hence both stars and angels are called צבא השׁמים and צבאות (vid., Genesis. S. 128). Even the angels and the heavens are finite, and consequently are not of a nature absolutely raised above the possibility of sin and contamination.

Eliphaz repeats here what he has already said, Job 4:18.; but he does it intentionally, since he wishes still more terribly to describe human uncleanness to Job (Oetinger). In that passage אף was merely the sign of an anti-climax, here כּי אף is quanto minus. Eliphaz refers to the hereditary infirmity and sin of human nature in Job 15:14, here (Job 15:16) to man's own free choice of that which works his destruction. He uses the strongest imaginable words to describe one actualiter and originaliter corrupted. נתעב denotes one who is become an abomination, or the abominated equals abominable (Ges. 134, 1); נאלח, one thoroughly corrupted (Arabic alacha, in the medial VIII conjugation: to become sour, which reminds one of ζύμη, Rabb. שׂאר שׁבּעסּה, as an image of evil, and especially of evil desire). It is further said of him (an expression which Elihu adopts, Job 34:7), that he drinks up evil like water. The figure is like Proverbs 26:6, comp. on Psalm 73:10, and implies that he lusts after sin, and that it is become a necessity of his nature, and is to his nature what water is to the thirsty. Even Job does not deny this corruption of man (Job 14:4), but the inferences which the friends draw in reference to him he cannot acknowledge. The continuation of Eliphaz' speech shows how they render this acknowledgment impossible to him.

Job 15:21 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

dreadful sound. Heb. sound of fears

Job 18:11 Terrors shall make him afraid on every side, and shall drive him to his feet.

Genesis 3:9,10 And the LORD God called to Adam, and said to him, Where are you...

Leviticus 26:36 And on them that are left alive of you I will send a faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies...

2 Kings 7:6 For the LORD had made the host of the Syrians to hear a noise of chariots, and a noise of horses, even the noise of a great host...

Proverbs 1:26,27 I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when your fear comes...

in prosperity

Job 1:13-19 And there was a day when his sons and his daughters were eating and drinking wine in their oldest brother's house...

Job 20:5-7,22-24 That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment...

Leviticus 26:36 And on them that are left alive of you I will send a faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies...

1 Samuel 25:36-38 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart was merry within him...

Psalm 73:18-20 Surely you did set them in slippery places: you cast them down into destruction...

Psalm 92:7 When the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish; it is that they shall be destroyed for ever:

Acts 12:21-23 And on a set day Herod, arrayed in royal apparel, sat on his throne, and made an oration to them...

1 Thessalonians 5:3 For when they shall say, Peace and safety; then sudden destruction comes on them, as travail on a woman with child...

the destroyer

1 Corinthians 10:10 Neither murmur you, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.

Revelation 9:11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon...

Cross References
1 Thessalonians 5:3
While people are saying, "There is peace and security," then sudden destruction will come upon them as labor pains come upon a pregnant woman, and they will not escape.

Job 15:24
distress and anguish terrify him; they prevail against him, like a king ready for battle.

Job 18:11
Terrors frighten him on every side, and chase him at his heels.

Job 18:14
He is torn from the tent in which he trusted and is brought to the king of terrors.

Job 20:21
There was nothing left after he had eaten; therefore his prosperity will not endure.

Job 20:25
It is drawn forth and comes out of his body; the glittering point comes out of his gallbladder; terrors come upon him.

Job 22:10
Therefore snares are all around you, and sudden terror overwhelms you,

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