Job 15:22
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He does not believe that he will return out of darkness, and he is marked for the sword.

King James Bible
He believeth not that he shall return out of darkness, and he is waited for of the sword.

American Standard Version
He believeth not that he shall return out of darkness, And he is waited for of the sword.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He believeth not that he may return from darkness to light, looking round about for the sword on every side.

English Revised Version
He believeth not that he shall return out of darkness, and he is waited for of the sword:

Webster's Bible Translation
He believeth not that he shall return out of darkness, and he is waited for by the sword.

Job 15:22 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

14 What is mortal man that he should be pure,

And that he who is born of woman should be righteous?

15 He trusteth not His holy ones,

And the heavens are not pure in His eyes:

16 How much less the abominable and corrupt,

Man, who drinketh iniquity as water!

The exclamation in Job 15:14 is like the utterance: mortal man and man born flesh of flesh cannot be entirely sinless. Even "the holy ones" and "the heavens" are not. The former are, as in Job 5:1, according to Job 4:18, the angels as beings of light (whether קדשׁ signifies to be light from the very first, spotlessly pure, or, vid., Psalter, i. 588f., to be separated, distinct, and hence exalted above what is common); the latter is not another expression for the אנגּלי מרומא (Targ.), the "angels of the heights," but שׁמים is the word used for the highest spheres in which they dwell (comp. Job 25:5); for the angels are certainly not corporeal, but, like all created things, in space, and the Scriptures everywhere speak of angels and the starry heavens together. Hence the angels are called the morning stars in Job 38:7, and hence both stars and angels are called צבא השׁמים and צבאות (vid., Genesis. S. 128). Even the angels and the heavens are finite, and consequently are not of a nature absolutely raised above the possibility of sin and contamination.

Eliphaz repeats here what he has already said, Job 4:18.; but he does it intentionally, since he wishes still more terribly to describe human uncleanness to Job (Oetinger). In that passage אף was merely the sign of an anti-climax, here כּי אף is quanto minus. Eliphaz refers to the hereditary infirmity and sin of human nature in Job 15:14, here (Job 15:16) to man's own free choice of that which works his destruction. He uses the strongest imaginable words to describe one actualiter and originaliter corrupted. נתעב denotes one who is become an abomination, or the abominated equals abominable (Ges. 134, 1); נאלח, one thoroughly corrupted (Arabic alacha, in the medial VIII conjugation: to become sour, which reminds one of ζύμη, Rabb. שׂאר שׁבּעסּה, as an image of evil, and especially of evil desire). It is further said of him (an expression which Elihu adopts, Job 34:7), that he drinks up evil like water. The figure is like Proverbs 26:6, comp. on Psalm 73:10, and implies that he lusts after sin, and that it is become a necessity of his nature, and is to his nature what water is to the thirsty. Even Job does not deny this corruption of man (Job 14:4), but the inferences which the friends draw in reference to him he cannot acknowledge. The continuation of Eliphaz' speech shows how they render this acknowledgment impossible to him.

Job 15:22 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

He believeth not

Job 6:11 What is my strength, that I should hope? and what is my end, that I should prolong my life?

Job 9:16 If I had called, and he had answered me; yet would I not believe that he had listened to my voice.

2 Kings 6:33 And while he yet talked with them, behold, the messenger came down to him: and he said, Behold, this evil is of the LORD...

Isaiah 8:21,22 And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall be hungry...

Matthew 27:5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.

and he is

Job 20:24,25 He shall flee from the iron weapon, and the bow of steel shall strike him through...

Cross References
Job 15:23
He wanders abroad for bread, saying, 'Where is it?' He knows that a day of darkness is ready at his hand;

Job 15:30
he will not depart from darkness; the flame will dry up his shoots, and by the breath of his mouth he will depart.

Job 19:29
be afraid of the sword, for wrath brings the punishment of the sword, that you may know there is a judgment."

Job 27:14
If his children are multiplied, it is for the sword, and his descendants have not enough bread.

Job 33:18
he keeps back his soul from the pit, his life from perishing by the sword.

Job 36:12
But if they do not listen, they perish by the sword and die without knowledge.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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