Job 19:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He has walled up my way, so that I cannot pass, and he has set darkness upon my paths.

King James Bible
He hath fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and he hath set darkness in my paths.

American Standard Version
He hath walled up my way that I cannot pass, And hath set darkness in my paths.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath hedged in my path round about, and I cannot pass, and in my way he hath set darkness.

English Revised Version
He hath fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and hath set darkness in my paths.

Webster's Bible Translation
He hath fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and he hath set darkness in my paths.

Job 19:8 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

1 Then began Job, and said:

2 How long will ye vex my soul,

And crush me with your words?

3 These ten times have ye reproached me;

Without being ashamed ye astound me.

4 And if I have really erred,

My error rests with myself.

5 If ye will really magnify yourselves against me,

And prove my reproach to me:

6 Know then that Eloah hath wronged me,

And hath compassed me with His net.

This controversy is torture to Job's spirit; enduring in himself unutterable agony, both bodily and spiritually, and in addition stretched upon the rack by the three friends with their united strength, he begins his answer with a well-justified quousque tandem. תּגיוּן (Norzi: תּוגיוּן) is fut. energicum from הוּגה (יגה), with the retention of the third radical., Ges. 75, rem. 16. And in וּתדכּאוּנני (Norzi: וּתדכּוּנני with quiescent Aleph) the suff. is attached to the n of the fut. energicum, Ges. 60, rem. 3; the connecting vowel is a, and the suff. is ani, without epenthesis, not anni or aneni, Ges. 58, 5. In Job 19:3 Job establishes his How long? Ten times is not to be taken strictly (Saad.), but it is a round number; ten, from being the number of the fingers on the human hand, is the number of human possibility, and from its position at the end of the row of numbers (in the decimal system) is the number of that which is perfected (vid., Genesis, S. 640f.); as not only the Sanskrit daan is traceable to the radical notion "to seize, embrace," but also the Semitic עשר is traceable to the radical notion "to bind, gather together" (cogn. קשׁר). They have already exhausted what is possible in reproaches, they have done their utmost. Renan, in accordance with the Hebr. expression, transl.: Voil (זה, as e.g., Genesis 27:36) la dixime fois que vous m'insultez. The ἅπ. γεγρ. תּהכּרוּ is connected by the Targ. with הכּיר (of respect of persons equals partiality), by the Syr. with כּרא (to pain, of crvecoeur), by Raschi and Parchon with נכּר (to mistake) or התנכּר (to alienate one's self), by Saadia (vid., Ewald's Beitr. S. 99) with עכר (to dim, grieve);

(Note: Reiske interprets according to the Arabic ‛kr, denso et turbido agmine cum impetu ruitis in me.)

he, however, compares the Arab. hkr, stupere (which he erroneously regards as differing only in sound from Arab. qhr, to overpower, oppress); and Abulwalid (vid., Rdiger in Thes. p. 84 suppl.) explains Arab. thkrûn mn-nı̂, ye gaze at me, since at the same time he mentions as possible that הכר may be equals Arab. khr, to treat indignantly, insultingly (which is only a different shade in sound of Arab. hkr,

continued...

Job 19:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

fenced

Job 3:23 Why is light given to a man whose way is hid, and whom God has hedged in?

Psalm 88:8 You have put away my acquaintance far from me; you have made me an abomination to them: I am shut up, and I cannot come forth.

Lamentations 3:7,9 He has hedged me about, that I cannot get out: he has made my chain heavy...

Hosea 2:6 Therefore, behold, I will hedge up your way with thorns, and make a wall, that she shall not find her paths.

set

Joshua 24:7 And when they cried to the LORD, he put darkness between you and the Egyptians, and brought the sea on them, and covered them...

Proverbs 4:19 The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble.

Isaiah 50:10 Who is among you that fears the LORD, that obeys the voice of his servant, that walks in darkness, and has no light?...

Jeremiah 13:16 Give glory to the LORD your God, before he cause darkness, and before your feet stumble on the dark mountains, and...

Jeremiah 23:12 Why their way shall be to them as slippery ways in the darkness: they shall be driven on, and fall therein...

John 8:12 Then spoke Jesus again to them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that follows me shall not walk in darkness...

Cross References
Job 3:23
Why is light given to a man whose way is hidden, whom God has hedged in?

Job 23:17
yet I am not silenced because of the darkness, nor because thick darkness covers my face.

Job 30:26
But when I hoped for good, evil came, and when I waited for light, darkness came.

Lamentations 3:5
he has besieged and enveloped me with bitterness and tribulation;

Lamentations 3:7
He has walled me about so that I cannot escape; he has made my chains heavy;

Lamentations 3:9
he has blocked my ways with blocks of stones; he has made my paths crooked.

Hosea 2:6
Therefore I will hedge up her way with thorns, and I will build a wall against her, so that she cannot find her paths.

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