Job 20:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
For he has crushed and abandoned the poor; he has seized a house that he did not build.

King James Bible
Because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor; because he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not;

American Standard Version
For he hath oppressed and forsaken the poor; He hath violently taken away a house, and he shall not build it up.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Because he broke in and stripped the poor: he hath violently taken away a house which he did not build.

English Revised Version
For he hath oppressed and forsaken the poor; he hath violently taken away an house, and he shall not build it up.

Webster's Bible Translation
Because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor; because he hath violently taken away a house which he did not build.

Job 20:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

12 If wickedness tasted sweet in his mouth,

He hid it under his tongue;

13 He carefully cherished it and did not let it go,

And retained it in his palate:

14 His bread is now changed in his bowels,

It is the gall of vipers within him.

15 He hath swallowed down riches and now he spitteth them out,

God shall drive them out of his belly.

16 He sucked in the poison of vipers,

The tongue of the adder slayeth him.

The evil-doer is, in Job 20:12, likened to an epicure; he keeps hold of wickedness as long as possible, like a delicate morsel that is retained in the mouth (Renan: comme un bonbon qu'on laisse fondre dans la bouche), and seeks to enjoy it to the very last. המתּיק, to make sweet, has here the intransitive signification dulcescere, Ew. 122, c. הכחיד, to remove from sight, signifies elsewhere to destroy, here to conceal (as the Piel, Job 6:10; Job 15:18). חמל, to spare, is construed with על, which is usual with verbs of covering and protecting. The conclusion of the hypothetical antecedent clauses begins with Job 20:14; the perf. נהפּך (with Kametz by Athnach) describes the suddenness of the change; the מרורת which follows is not equivalent to למרורת (Luther: His food shall be turned to adder's gall in his body), but Job 20:14 expresses the result of the change in a substantival clause. The bitter and poisonous are synonymous in the ancient languages; hence we find the meanings poison and gall (Job 20:25) in מררה, and ראשׁ signifies both a poisonous plant which is known by its bitterness, and the poison of plants like to the poison of serpents (Job 20:16; Deuteronomy 32:33). חיל (Job 20:15) is property, without the accompanying notion of forcible acquisition (Hirz.), which, on the contrary, is indicated by the בּלע. The following fut. consec. is here not aor., but expressive of the inevitable result which the performance of an act assuredly brings: he must vomit back the property which he has swallowed down; God casts it out of his belly, i.e., (which is implied in בּלע, expellere) forcibly, and therefore as by the pains of colic. The lxx, according to whose taste the mention of God here was contrary to decorum, trans. ἐξ οἰκίας (read κοιλίας, according to Cod. Alex.) αὐτοῦ ἐξελκύσει αὐτὸν ἄγγελος (Theod. δυνάστης). The perf., Job 20:15, is in Job 20:16 changed into the imperf. fut. יינק, which more strongly represents the past action as that which has gone before what is now described; and the ασυνδέτως, fut. which follows, describes the consequence which is necessarily and directly involved in it. Psalm 140:4 may be compared with Job 20:16, Proverbs 23:32 with Job 20:16. He who sucked in the poison of low desire with a relish, will meet his punishment in that in which he sinned: he is destroyed by the poisonous deadly bite of the serpent, for the punishment of sin is fundamentally nothing but the nature of sin itself brought fully out.

Job 20:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Because

Job 21:27,28 Behold, I know your thoughts, and the devices which you wrongfully imagine against me...

Job 22:6 For you have taken a pledge from your brother for nothing, and stripped the naked of their clothing.

Job 24:2-12 Some remove the landmarks; they violently take away flocks, and feed thereof...

Job 31:13-22,38,39 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me...

Job 35:9 By reason of the multitude of oppressions they make the oppressed to cry: they cry out by reason of the arm of the mighty.

1 Samuel 12:3,4 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose donkey have I taken...

Psalm 10:18 To judge the fatherless and the oppressed, that the man of the earth may no more oppress.

Psalm 12:5 For the oppression of the poor, for the sighing of the needy, now will I arise, said the LORD...

Proverbs 14:31 He that oppresses the poor reproaches his Maker: but he that honors him has mercy on the poor.

Proverbs 22:22,23 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate...

Ecclesiastes 4:1 So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed...

Ecclesiastes 5:8 If you see the oppression of the poor, and violent perverting of judgment and justice in a province, marvel not at the matter...

Ezekiel 22:29 The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yes...

Amos 4:1-3 Hear this word, you cows of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy...

James 2:6,13 But you have despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment seats...

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, cries...

oppressed. Heb. crushed

Deuteronomy 28:33 The fruit of your land, and all your labors, shall a nation which you know not eat up...

Lamentations 3:34 To crush under his feet all the prisoners of the earth.

he hath violently

Job 18:15 It shall dwell in his tabernacle, because it is none of his: brimstone shall be scattered on his habitation.

Job 24:2 Some remove the landmarks; they violently take away flocks, and feed thereof.

1 Kings 21:19 And you shall speak to him, saying, Thus said the LORD, Have you killed, and also taken possession? And you shall speak to him, saying...

Isaiah 5:7,8 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment...

Micah 2:2,9 And they covet fields, and take them by violence; and houses, and take them away: so they oppress a man and his house...

Cross References
Job 24:2
Some move landmarks; they seize flocks and pasture them.

Job 31:16
"If I have withheld anything that the poor desired, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail,

Job 35:9
"Because of the multitude of oppressions people cry out; they call for help because of the arm of the mighty.

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