Job 22:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
saying, ‘Surely our adversaries are cut off, and what they left the fire has consumed.’

King James Bible
Whereas our substance is not cut down, but the remnant of them the fire consumeth.

American Standard Version
Saying , Surely they that did rise up against us are cut off, And the remnant of them the fire hath consumed.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Is not their exaltation cut down, and hath not fire devoured the remnants of them?

English Revised Version
Saying, Surely they that did rise up against us are cut off, and the remnant of them the fire hath consumed.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whereas our substance is not cut down, but the remnant of them the fire consumeth.

Job 22:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

12 Is not Eloah high as the heavens?

See but the head of the stars, how exalted!

13 So then thou thinkest: "What doth God know?

Can He judge through the thick cloud?

14 Clouds veil Him that He seeth not,

And in the vault of heaven He walketh at His pleasure."

Because Job has denied the distribution of worldly fortune, of outward prosperity and adversity, according to the law of the justice that recompenses like for like, Eliphaz charges him with that unbelief often mentioned in the Psalms (Psalm 73:11; Psalm 94:7; comp. Isaiah 29:15; Ezekiel 8:12), which denies to the God in heaven, as Epicurus did to the gods who lead a blessed life in the spaces between the worlds, a knowledge of earthly things, and therefore the preliminary condition for a right comprehension of them. The mode of expression here is altogether peculiar. גּבהּ שׁמים is not acc. loci, as the like accusatives in combination with the verb שׁכן, Isaiah 57:15, may be taken: the substantival clause would lead one to expect בּגבהּ, or better בּגבהי (Job 11:8); it is rather (similar to Job 11:8) nomin. praedicati: Eloah is the height of the heavens equals heaven-high, as high as the heavens, therefore certainly highly, and indeed very highly, exalted above this earth. In this sense it is continued with Waw explic.: and behold ( equals behold then) the head of the stars, that, or how (כּי as in Genesis 49:15; 1 Samuel 14:29, quod equals quam) exalted they are. וּראה has Asla (Kadma) in correct texts, and רמו is written רמּוּ (râmmu) with a so-called Dag. affectuosum (Olsh. 83, b). It may be received as certain that ראשׁ, the head (vertex), beside ראה (not ספר), does not signify the sum (Aben-Ezra). But it is questionable whether the genitive that follows ראשׁ is gen. partitivus: the highest among the stars (Ew., Hirz., Schlottm.), or gen. epexegeticus: the head, i.e., (in relation to the rest of the universe) the height, which is formed by the stars, or even which they occupy (Ges. coelum stellatum); the partitive rendering is to be preferred, for the Semitic perception recognises, as the plural שׁמים implies, nearer and more distant celestial spheres. The expression "head of the stars" is therefore somewhat like fastigium coeli (the extreme height, i.e., the middle of the vault of heaven), or culmen aereum (of the aether separating the strata of air above); the summit of the stars rising up into the extremest spheres is intended (we should say: the fixed stars, or to use a still more modern expression, the milky way), as also the רמו naturally refers to ראשׁ כוכבים as one notion (summitas astrorum equals summa astra).

The connection of what follows with Waw is not adversative (Hirz., Ew., and others: and yet thou speakest), it is rather consecutive (Hahn: and since thou speakest; better: and in consequence of this thou speakest; or: thus speakest thou, thinkest thou then). The undeniable truth that God is exalted, and indeed absolute in His exaltation, is misapplied by Job to the false conclusion: what does God know, or (since the perf. in interrogative sentences frequently corresponds to the Latin conjunctive, vid., on Psalm 11:3) how should God know, or take knowledge, i.e., of anything that happens on earth? In Job 22:13 the potential takes the place of this modal perfect: can He rule judicially behind the dark clouds, i.e., over the world below from which He is shut out? בּעד (of like verbal origin with the Arab. b‛da, post, prop. distance, separation, succession, but of wider use) signifies here, as in Job 1:10; Job 9:7, behind, pone, with the secondary notion of being encompassed or covered by that which shuts off. Far from having an unlimited view of everything earthly from His absolute height, it is veiled from His by the clouds, so that He sees not what occurs here below, and unconcerned about it He walks the circle of the heavens (that which vaults the earth, the inhabitants of which seem to Him, according to Isaiah 40:22, as grasshoppers); התלּך is here, after the analogy of Kal, joined with the accus. of the way over which He walks at His pleasure: orbem coelum obambulat. By such unworthy views of the Deity, Job puts himself on a par with the godless race that was swept away by the flood in ancient days, without allowing himself to be warned by this example of punishment.

Job 22:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

our substance. or, our estate

Job 4:7 Remember, I pray you, who ever perished, being innocent? or where were the righteous cut off?

Job 8:3,4 Does God pervert judgment? or does the Almighty pervert justice...

Job 15:5,6 For your mouth utters your iniquity, and you choose the tongue of the crafty...

Job 20:18,19 That which he labored for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be...

Job 21:27,28 Behold, I know your thoughts, and the devices which you wrongfully imagine against me...

Luke 13:1-5 There were present at that season some that told him of the Galilaeans, whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices...

the remnant. or, their excellency. the fire

Job 1:16 While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The fire of God is fallen from heaven, and has burned up the sheep...

Job 20:26 All darkness shall be hid in his secret places: a fire not blown shall consume him...

Genesis 19:24 Then the LORD rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven;

Luke 17:29,30 But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all...

2 Peter 2:6,7 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned them with an overthrow...

Cross References
Genesis 31:15
Are we not regarded by him as foreigners? For he has sold us, and he has indeed devoured our money.

Job 15:30
he will not depart from darkness; the flame will dry up his shoots, and by the breath of his mouth he will depart.

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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