Job 22:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
If you return to the Almighty you will be built up; if you remove injustice far from your tents,

King James Bible
If thou return to the Almighty, thou shalt be built up, thou shalt put away iniquity far from thy tabernacles.

American Standard Version
If thou return to the Almighty, thou shalt be built up, If thou put away unrighteousness far from thy tents.

Douay-Rheims Bible
If thou wilt return to the Almighty, thou shalt be built up, and shalt put away iniquity far from thy tabernacle.

English Revised Version
If thou return to the Almighty, thou shalt be built up; if thou put away unrighteousness far from thy tents.

Webster's Bible Translation
If thou shalt return to the Almighty, thou shalt be built up, thou shalt put away iniquity far from thy tabernacles.

Job 22:23 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

15 Wilt thou observe the way of the ancient world,

Which evil men have trodden,

16 Who were withered up before their time,

Their foundation was poured out as a stream,

17 Who said unto God: Depart from us!

And what can the Almighty do to them?

18 And notwithstanding He had filled their houses with good-

The counsel of the wicked be far from me!

While in Psalm 139:24 דרך עולם prospectively signifies a way of eternal duration (comp. Ezekiel 26:20, עם עולם, of the people who sleep the interminably long sleep of the grave), ארח עולם signifies here retrospectively the way of the ancient world, but not, as in Jeremiah 6:16; Jeremiah 18:15, the way of thinking and acting of the pious forefathers which put their posterity to shame, but of a godless race of the ancient world which stands out as a terrible example to posterity. Eliphaz asks if Job will observe, i.e., keep (שׁמר as in Psalm 18:22), this way trodden by people (מתי, comp. אנשׁי, Job 34:36) of wickedness. Those worthless ones were withered up, i.e., forcibly seized and crushed, ולא־עת, when it was not yet time (ולא after the manner of a circumstantial clause: quum nondum, as Psalm 139:16), i.e., when according to God's creative order their time was not yet come. On קמּטוּ,

(Note: This קמטו, according to the Masora, is the middle word of the book of Job (חצי הספר).)

vid., on Job 16:8; lxx correctly, συνελήφθησαν ἄωροι, nevertheless συλλαμβάνειν is too feeble as a translation of קמט; for as Arab. qbṣ signifies to take with the tip of the finer, whereas Arab. qbḍ signifies to take with the whole bent hand, so קמט, in conformity to the dull, emphatic final consonant, signifies "to bind firmly together." In Job 22:16 יוּצק is not perf. Pual for יצּק (Ew. 83, b), for this exchange, contrary to the law of vowels, of the sharp form with the lengthened form is without example; it must at least have been written יוּצּק (comp. Judges 18:29). It is fut. Hoph., which, according to Job 11:15, might be יצּק; here, however, it is with a resolving, not assimilation, of the Jod, as in Leviticus 21:10. The fut. has the signification of the imperfect which it acquires in an historic connection. It is not to be translated: their place became a stream which has flowed away (Hirz.), for the היה which would be required by such an interpretation could not be omitted; also not: flumen effusum est in fundamentum eorum (Rosenm., Hahn, and others), which would be ליסודם, and would still be very liable to be misunderstood; also not: whose foundation was a poured-out stream (Umbr., Olsh.), for then there would be one attributive clause inserted in the other; but: their solid ground became fluid like a stream (Ew., Hlgst., Schlottm.), so that נהר, after the analogy of the verbs with two accusative, Ges. 139, 2, is a so-called second acc. of the obj. which by the passive becomes a nominative (comp. Job 28:2), although it might also be an apposition of the following subj. placed first: a stream (as such, like such a one) their solid ground was brought into a river; the ground on which they and their habitations stood was placed under water and floated away: without doubt the flood is intended; reference to this perfectly accords with the patriarchal pre-and extra-Israelitish standpoint of the book of Job; and the generation of the time of the flood (דור המבול) is accounted in the holy scriptures of the Old and New Testament as a paragon of godlessness, the contemporaries of Noah are the απειθοῦντες, סוררים, κατ ̓ ἐξοχήν (comp. 1 Peter 3:20 with Psalm 68:19).

Accordingly they are now here also further described (Job 22:17) as those who said to God, "Depart from us," and what could the Almighty do to them (למו instead of לנוּ, which was to be expected, since, as in Job 19:28, there is a change from the oratio directa to obliqua)! Olshausen explains with Hahn: "with respect to what thou sayest: and what then does the Almighty do to them (for it)? He fills their houses with prosperity, while the counsel of the wicked is far from me (notwithstanding I am unfortunate)." But this explanation is as forced (since ומה without a אמרת or תאמר standing with it is taken as the word of Job) as it is contrary to the syntax (since the circumstantial clause with והוא is not recognised, and on the other hand ועצת וגו, instead of which it ought at least to have been וּממּנּי וגו, is regarded as such an one). No indeed, just this is an exceedingly powerful effect, that Eliphaz describes those godless ones who dismiss God with סור ממנו, to whom, according to Job's assertion, Job 21:13., undimmed prosperity is portioned out, by referring to a memorable fact as that which has fallen under the strict judgment of God; and that with the very same words with which Job, Job 21:16, declines communion with such prosperous evil-doers: "the counsel of the wicked be far from me," he will have nothing more to do, not with the wicked alone, but, with a side glance at Job, even with those who place themselves on a level with them by a denial of the just government of God in the world. פּעל ל, as the following circumstantial clause shows, is intended like Psalm 68:29, comp. Job 31:20; Isaiah 26:12 : how can the Almighty then help or profit them? Thus they asked, while He had filled their houses with wealth - Eliphaz will have nothing to do with this contemptible misconstruction of the God who proves himself so kind to those who dwell below on the earth, but who, though He is rewarded with ingratitude, is so just. The truly godly are not terrified like Job 17:8, that retributive justice is not to be found in God's government of the world; on the contrary, they rejoice over its actual manifestation in their own case, which makes them free, and therefore so joyous.

Job 22:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

return

Job 8:5,6 If you would seek to God betimes, and make your supplication to the Almighty...

Job 11:13,14 If you prepare your heart, and stretch out your hands toward him...

Isaiah 55:6,7 Seek you the LORD while he may be found, call you on him while he is near...

Hosea 14:1,2 O Israel, return to the LORD your God; for you have fallen by your iniquity...

Zechariah 1:3 Therefore say you to them, Thus said the LORD of hosts; Turn you to me, said the LORD of hosts, and I will turn to you...

Acts 26:20 But showed first to them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaea, and then to the Gentiles...

built up

Job 12:14 Behold, he breaks down, and it cannot be built again: he shuts up a man, and there can be no opening.

Jeremiah 31:4 Again I will build you, and you shall be built, O virgin of Israel: you shall again be adorned with your tabrets...

Colossians 2:7 Rooted and built up in him, and established in the faith, as you have been taught, abounding therein with thanksgiving.

Jude 1:20 But you, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost,

thou shalt

Job 11:14 If iniquity be in your hand, put it far away, and let not wickedness dwell in your tabernacles.

Job 18:15 It shall dwell in his tabernacle, because it is none of his: brimstone shall be scattered on his habitation.

Joshua 7:13-16 Up, sanctify the people, and say, Sanctify yourselves against to morrow: for thus said the LORD God of Israel...

Isaiah 33:15 He that walks righteously, and speaks uprightly; he that despises the gain of oppressions, that shakes his hands from holding of bribes...

Zechariah 5:3,4 Then said he to me, This is the curse that goes forth over the face of the whole earth...

put

2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God stands sure, having this seal, The Lord knows them that are his. And...

Cross References
Job 8:5
If you will seek God and plead with the Almighty for mercy,

Job 11:13
"If you prepare your heart, you will stretch out your hands toward him.

Job 11:14
If iniquity is in your hand, put it far away, and let not injustice dwell in your tents.

Isaiah 19:22
And the LORD will strike Egypt, striking and healing, and they will return to the LORD, and he will listen to their pleas for mercy and heal them.

Isaiah 31:6
Turn to him from whom people have deeply revolted, O children of Israel.

Zechariah 1:3
Therefore say to them, Thus declares the LORD of hosts: Return to me, says the LORD of hosts, and I will return to you, says the LORD of hosts.

Jump to Previous
Almighty Built Evil Far Humble Iniquity Low Making Mighty Puttest Remove Restored Ruler Tabernacles Tent Tents Unrighteousness Wickedness
Jump to Next
Almighty Built Evil Far Humble Iniquity Low Making Mighty Puttest Remove Restored Ruler Tabernacles Tent Tents Unrighteousness Wickedness
Links
Job 22:23 NIV
Job 22:23 NLT
Job 22:23 ESV
Job 22:23 NASB
Job 22:23 KJV

Job 22:23 Bible Apps
Job 22:23 Biblia Paralela
Job 22:23 Chinese Bible
Job 22:23 French Bible
Job 22:23 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Job 22:22
Top of Page
Top of Page