Job 27:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He builds his house like a moth’s, like a booth that a watchman makes.

King James Bible
He buildeth his house as a moth, and as a booth that the keeper maketh.

American Standard Version
He buildeth his house as the moth, And as a booth which the keeper maketh.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He hath built his house as a moth, and as a keeper he hath made a booth.

English Revised Version
He buildeth his house as the moth, and as a booth which the keeper maketh.

Webster's Bible Translation
He buildeth his house as a moth, and as a booth that the keeper maketh.

Job 27:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

8 For what is the hope of the godless, when He cutteth off,

When Eloah taketh away his soul?

9 Will God hear his cry

When distress cometh upon him?

10 Or can he delight himself in the Almighty,

Can he call upon Eloah at all times?

11 I will teach you concerning the hand of God,

I will not conceal the dealings of the Almighty.

12 Behold, ye have all seen it,

Why then do ye cherish foolish notions?

In comparing himself with the רשׁע, Job is conscious that he has a God who does not leave him unheard, in whom he delights himself, and to whom he can at all times draw near; as, in fact, Job's fellowship with God rests upon the freedom of the most intimate confidence. He is not one of the godless; for what is the hope of one who is estranged from God, when he comes to die? He has no God on whom his hope might establish itself, to whom it could cling. The old expositors err in many ways respecting Job 27:8, by taking בצע, abscindere (root בץ), in the sense of (opes) corradere (thus also more recently Rosenm. after the Targ., Syr., and Jer.), and referring ישׁל to שׁלה in the signification tranquillum esse (thus even Blumenfeld after Ralbag and others). נפשׁו is the object to both verbs, and בצע נפשׁ, abscindere animam, to cut off the thread of life, is to be explained according to Job 6:9; Isaiah 38:12. שׁלח נפשׁ, extrahere animam (from שׁלה, whence שׁליח Arab. salan, the after-birth, cogn. שׁלל . Arab. sll, נשׁל Arab. nsl, nṯl, nšl), is of similar signification, according to another figure, wince the body is conceived of as the sheath (נדנה, Daniel 7:15) of the soul

(Note: On the similar idea of the body, as the kosha (sheath) of the soul, among the Hindus, vid., Psychol. S. 227.)

(comp. Arab. sll in the universal signification evaginare ensem). The fut. apoc. Kal ישׁל ( equals ישׁל) is therefore in meaning equivalent to the intrans. ישּׁל, Deuteronomy 28:40 (according to Ew. 235, c, obtained from this by change of vowel), decidere; and Schnurrer's supposition that ישׁל, like the Arab. ysl, is equivalent to ישׁאל (when God demands it), or such a violent correction as De Lagarde's

(Note: Anm. zur griech. Uebers. der Proverbien (1863), S. VI.f., where the first reason given for this improvement of the text is this, that the usual explanation, according to which ישׁל and יבצע have the same subj. and obj. standing after the verb, is altogether contrary to Semitic usage. But this assertion is groundless, as might be supposed from the very beginning. Thus, e.g., the same obj. is found after two verbs in Job 20:19, and the same subj. and obj. in Nehemiah 3:20.)

continued...

Job 27:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

as a moth

Job 8:14,15 Whose hope shall be cut off, and whose trust shall be a spider's web...

Isaiah 51:8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be for ever...

as a booth

Isaiah 1:8 And the daughter of Zion is left as a cottage in a vineyard, as a lodge in a garden of cucumbers, as a besieged city.

Isaiah 38:12 My age is departed, and is removed from me as a shepherd's tent: I have cut off like a weaver my life...

Lamentations 2:6 And he has violently taken away his tabernacle, as if it were of a garden: he has destroyed his places of the assembly...

Cross References
Job 8:15
He leans against his house, but it does not stand; he lays hold of it, but it does not endure.

Job 18:14
He is torn from the tent in which he trusted and is brought to the king of terrors.

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