Job 27:19
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He goes to bed rich, but will do so no more; he opens his eyes, and his wealth is gone.

King James Bible
The rich man shall lie down, but he shall not be gathered: he openeth his eyes, and he is not.

American Standard Version
He lieth down rich, but he shall not be gathered to his fathers ; He openeth his eyes, and he is not.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The rich man when he shall sleep shall take away nothing with him: he shall open his eyes and find nothing.

English Revised Version
He lieth down rich, but he shall not be gathered; he openeth his eyes, and he is not.

Webster's Bible Translation
The rich man shall lie down, but he shall not be gathered: he openeth his eyes, and he is not.

Job 27:19 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

13 This is the lot of the wicked man with God,

And the heritage of the violent which they receive from the Almighty:

14 If his children multiply, it is for the sword,

And his offspring have not bread enough.

15 His survivors shall be buried by the pestilence,

And his widows shall not weep.

16 If he heapeth silver together as dust,

And prepareth garments for himself as mire:

17 He prepareth it, and the righteous clothe themselves,

And the innocent divide the silver among themselves.

18 He hath built as a moth his house,

And as a hut that a watchman setteth up.

We have already had the combination אדם רשׁע for אישׁ רשׁע in Job 20:29; it is a favourite expression in Proverbs, and reminds one of ἄνθρωπος ὁδίτης in Homer, and ἄνθρωπος σπείρωϚ, ἐχθρός, ἔμπορος, in the parables Matthew 13. Psik (Pasek) stands under רשׁע, to separate the wicked man and God, as in Proverbs 15:29 (Norzi). למו, exclusively peculiar to the book of Job in the Old Testament (here and Job 29:21; Job 38:40; Job 40:4), is ל rendered capable of an independent position by means of מו equals מה, Arab. mâ. The sword, famine, and pestilence are the three punishing powers by which the evil-doer's posterity, however numerous it may be, is blotted out; these three, חרב, רעב, and מות, appear also side by side in Jeremiah 15:2; מות, instead of ממותי, diris mortibus, is (as also Jeremiah 18:21) equivalent to דּבר in the same trio, Jeremiah 14:12; the plague is personified (as when it is called by an Arabian poet umm el-farit, the mother of death), and Vavassor correctly observes: Mors illos sua sepeliet, nihil praeterea honoris supremi consecuturos. Bttcher (de inferis, 72) asserts that במות can only signify pestilentiae tempore, or better, ipso mortis momento; but since בּ occurs by the passive elsewhere in the sense of ab or per, e.g., Numbers 36:2; Hosea 14:4, it can also by נקבר denote the efficient cause. Olshausen's correction במות לא יקברו, they will not be buried when dead (Jeremiah 16:4), is still less required; "to be buried by the pestilence" is equivalent to, not to be interred with the usual solemnities, but to be buried as hastily as possible.

Job 27:15 (common to our poet and the psalm of Asaph, 78:64, which likewise belongs to the Salomonic age) is also to be correspondingly interpreted: the women that he leaves behind do not celebrate the usual mourning rites (comp. Genesis 23:2), because the decreed punishment which, stroke after stroke, deprives them of husbands and children, prevents all observance of the customs of mourning, and because the shock stifles the feeling of pity. The treasure in gold which his avarice has heaped up, and in garments which his love of display has gathered together, come into the possession of the righteous and the innocent, who are spared when these three powers of judgment sweep away the evil-doer and his family. Dust and dirt (i.e., of the streets, חוצות) are, as in Zechariah 9:3, the emblem of a great abundance that depreciates even that which is valuable. The house of the ungodly man, though a palace, is, as the fate of the fabric shows, as brittle and perishable a thing, and can be as easily destroyed, as the fine spinning of a moth, עשׁ (according to the Jewish proverb, the brother of the סס), or even the small case which it makes from remnants of gnawed articles, and drags about with it; it is like a light hut, perhaps for the watchman of a vineyard (Isaiah 1:8), which is put together only for the season during which the grapes are ripening.

continued...

Job 27:19 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

shall lie

Job 14:13-15 O that you would hide me in the grave, that you would keep me secret, until your wrath be past, that you would appoint me a set time...

Job 21:23-26,30 One dies in his full strength, being wholly at ease and quiet...

Job 30:23 For I know that you will bring me to death, and to the house appointed for all living.

gathered

Genesis 49:10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come...

Jeremiah 8:2 And they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the host of heaven, whom they have loved, and whom they have served...

Matthew 3:12 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner...

Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets, and stone them which are sent to you...

he openeth

Job 20:7-9 Yet he shall perish for ever like his own dung: they which have seen him shall say, Where is he...

Psalm 58:9 Before your pots can feel the thorns, he shall take them away as with a whirlwind, both living, and in his wrath.

Psalm 73:19,20 How are they brought into desolation, as in a moment! they are utterly consumed with terrors...

he is not

Job 8:22 They that hate you shall be clothed with shame; and the dwelling place of the wicked shall come to nothing.

Job 14:10,12 But man dies, and wastes away: yes, man gives up the ghost, and where is he...

Job 24:24 They are exalted for a little while, but are gone and brought low; they are taken out of the way as all other...

*marg:

Cross References
Job 7:8
The eye of him who sees me will behold me no more; while your eyes are on me, I shall be gone.

Job 7:21
Why do you not pardon my transgression and take away my iniquity? For now I shall lie in the earth; you will seek me, but I shall not be."

Job 20:7
he will perish forever like his own dung; those who have seen him will say, 'Where is he?'

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