Job 3:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
After this Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth.

King James Bible
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

American Standard Version
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

Douay-Rheims Bible
After this Job opened his mouth, and cursed his day,

English Revised Version
After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

Webster's Bible Translation
After this Job opened his mouth, and cursed his day.

Job 3:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The Working Out of the Commission:

7, 8 Then Satan went forth from the presence of Jehovah, and smote Job with sore boils, from the sole of his foot to his crown. And he took him a potsherd to scrape himself with, and sat in the midst of ashes.

The description of this disease calls to mind Deuteronomy 28:35 with Deuteronomy 28:27, and is, according to the symptoms mentioned further on in the book, elephantiasis so called because the limbs become jointless lumps like elephants' legs), Arab. jḏâm, ‛gudhâm, Lat. lepra nodosa, the most fearful form of lepra, which sometimes seizes persons even of the higher ranks. Artapan (C. Mller, Fragm. iii. 222) says, that an Egyptian king was the first man who died of elephantiasis. Baldwin, king of Jerusalem, was afflicted with it in a very dangerous form.

(Note: Vid., the history in Heer, De elephantiasi Graecorum et Arabum, Breslay, 1842, and coloured plates in Trait de la Spdalskhed ou Elephantiasis des Grecs par Danielssen et Boeck, Paris, 1848, translated from the Norwegian; and in Hecker, Elephantiasis oder Lepra Arabica, Lahr, 1858 (with lithographs). "The means of cure," says Aretus the Cappadocian (vid., his writings translated by Mann, 1858, S. 221), "must be more powerful than the disease, if it is to be removed. But what cure can be successfully applied to the fearful evil of elephantiasis? It is not confined to one part, either internally or externally, but takes possession of the entire system. It is terrible and hideous to behold, for it gives a man the appearance of an animal. Every one dreads to live, and have any intercourse, with such invalids; they flee from them as from the plague, for infection is easily communicated by the breath. Where, in the whole range of pharmacy, can such a powerful remedy be found?")

The disease begins with the rising of tubercular boils, and at length resembles a cancer spreading itself over the whole body, by which the body is so affected, that some of the limbs fall completely away. Scraping with a potsherd will not only relieve the intolerable itching of the skin, but also remove the matter. Sitting among ashes is on account of the deep sorrow (comp. Jonah 3:6) into which Job is brought by his heavy losses, especially the loss of his children. The lxx adds that he sat on a dunghill outside the city: the dunghill is taken from the passage Psalm 113:7, and the "outside the city" from the law of the מצרע. In addition to the four losses, a fifth temptation, in the form of a disease incurable in the eye of man, is now come upon Job: a natural disease, but brought on by Satan, permitted, and therefore decreed, by God. Satan does not appear again throughout the whole book. Evil has not only a personal existence in the invisible world, but also its agents and instruments in this; and by these it is henceforth manifested.

Job 3:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

After.

Job 1:22 In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly.

Job 2:10 But he said to her, You speak as one of the foolish women speaks. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God...

opened.

Job 35:16 Therefore does Job open his mouth in vain; he multiplies words without knowledge.

Psalm 39:2,3 I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from good; and my sorrow was stirred...

Psalm 106:33 Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spoke unadvisedly with his lips.

cursed.

Job 3:3 Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night in which it was said, There is a man child conceived.

Job 1:11 But put forth your hand now, and touch all that he has, and he will curse you to your face.

Job 2:5,9 But put forth your hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse you to your face...

Jeremiah 20:14,15 Cursed be the day wherein I was born: let not the day wherein my mother bore me be blessed...

his day. That is, the day of his birth.

Cross References
Job 2:13
And they sat with him on the ground seven days and seven nights, and no one spoke a word to him, for they saw that his suffering was very great.

Job 3:2
And Job said:

Jeremiah 15:10
Woe is me, my mother, that you bore me, a man of strife and contention to the whole land! I have not lent, nor have I borrowed, yet all of them curse me.

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