Job 3:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Why did the knees receive me? Or why the breasts, that I should nurse?

King James Bible
Why did the knees prevent me? or why the breasts that I should suck?

American Standard Version
Why did the knees receive me? Or why the breast, that I should suck?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Why received upon the knees? why suckled at the breasts ?

English Revised Version
Why did the knees receive me? or why the breasts, that I should suck?

Webster's Bible Translation
Why did the knees receive me? or why the breasts that I should be nursed?

Job 3:12 Parallel
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

6 That night! let darkness seize upon it;

Let it not rejoice among the days of the year;

Let it not come into the number of the month.

7 Lo! let that night become barren;

Let no sound of gladness come to it.

8 Let those who curse the day curse it,

Who are skilled in stirring up leviathan.

9 Let the stars of its early twilight be darkened;

Let it long for light and there be none;

And let it not refresh itself with eyelids of the dawn.

Darkness is so to seize it, and so completely swallow it up, that it shall not be possible for it to pass into the light of day. It is not to become a day, to be reckoned as belonging to the days of the year and rejoice in the light thereof. יחדּ, for יחדּ, fut. Kal from חדה (Exodus 18:9), with Dagesh lene retained, and a helping Pathach (vid., Ges. 75, rem. 3, d); the reverse of the passage Genesis 49:6, where יחד, from יחד, uniat se, is found. It is to become barren, גּלמוּד, so that no human being shall ever be conceived and born, and greeted joyfully in it.

(Note: Fries understands רננה, song of the spheres (concentum coeli, Job 38:37, Vulg.); but this Hellenic conception is without support in holy Scripture.)

"Those who curse days" are magicians who know how to change days into dies infausti by their incantations. According to vulgar superstition, from which the imagery of Job 3:8 is borrowed, there was a special art of exciting the dragon, which is the enemy of sun and moon, against them both, so that, by its devouring them, total darkness prevails. The dragon is called in Hindu râhu; the Chinese, and also the natives of Algeria, even at the present day make a wild tumult with drums and copper vessels when an eclipse of the sun or moon occurs, until the dragon will release his prey.

(Note: On the dragon rhu, that swallows up sun and moon, vid., Pott, in the Hallische Lit. Zeitschr. 1849, No. 199; on the custom of the Chinese, Kuffer, Das chinesische Volk, S. 123. A similar custom among the natives of Algeria I have read of in a newspaper (1856). Moreover, the clouds which conceal the sky the Indians represent as a serpent. It is ahi, the cloud-serpent, which Indra chases away when he divides the clouds with his lightning. Vid., Westergaard in Weber's Indischer Zeitschr. 1855, S. 417.)


Job 3:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the knees.

Genesis 30:3 And she said, Behold my maid Bilhah, go in to her; and she shall bear on my knees, that I may also have children by her.

Genesis 50:23 And Joseph saw Ephraim's children of the third generation...

Isaiah 66:12 For thus said the LORD, Behold, I will extend peace to her like a river, and the glory of the Gentiles like a flowing stream...

Ezekiel 16:4,5 And as for your nativity, in the day you were born your navel was not cut, neither were you washed in water to supple you...

Cross References
Genesis 30:3
Then she said, "Here is my servant Bilhah; go in to her, so that she may give birth on my behalf, that even I may have children through her."

Job 3:11
"Why did I not die at birth, come out from the womb and expire?

Job 3:13
For then I would have lain down and been quiet; I would have slept; then I would have been at rest,

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