Job 3:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
with kings and counselors of the earth who rebuilt ruins for themselves,

King James Bible
With kings and counsellers of the earth, which built desolate places for themselves;

American Standard Version
With kings and counsellors of the earth, Who built up waste places for themselves;

Douay-Rheims Bible
With kings and consuls of the earth, who build themselves solitudes:

English Revised Version
With kings and counsellors of the earth, which built up waste places for themselves;

Webster's Bible Translation
With kings and counselors of the earth, who built desolate places for themselves;

Job 3:14 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

6 That night! let darkness seize upon it;

Let it not rejoice among the days of the year;

Let it not come into the number of the month.

7 Lo! let that night become barren;

Let no sound of gladness come to it.

8 Let those who curse the day curse it,

Who are skilled in stirring up leviathan.

9 Let the stars of its early twilight be darkened;

Let it long for light and there be none;

And let it not refresh itself with eyelids of the dawn.

Darkness is so to seize it, and so completely swallow it up, that it shall not be possible for it to pass into the light of day. It is not to become a day, to be reckoned as belonging to the days of the year and rejoice in the light thereof. יחדּ, for יחדּ, fut. Kal from חדה (Exodus 18:9), with Dagesh lene retained, and a helping Pathach (vid., Ges. 75, rem. 3, d); the reverse of the passage Genesis 49:6, where יחד, from יחד, uniat se, is found. It is to become barren, גּלמוּד, so that no human being shall ever be conceived and born, and greeted joyfully in it.

(Note: Fries understands רננה, song of the spheres (concentum coeli, Job 38:37, Vulg.); but this Hellenic conception is without support in holy Scripture.)

"Those who curse days" are magicians who know how to change days into dies infausti by their incantations. According to vulgar superstition, from which the imagery of Job 3:8 is borrowed, there was a special art of exciting the dragon, which is the enemy of sun and moon, against them both, so that, by its devouring them, total darkness prevails. The dragon is called in Hindu râhu; the Chinese, and also the natives of Algeria, even at the present day make a wild tumult with drums and copper vessels when an eclipse of the sun or moon occurs, until the dragon will release his prey.

(Note: On the dragon rhu, that swallows up sun and moon, vid., Pott, in the Hallische Lit. Zeitschr. 1849, No. 199; on the custom of the Chinese, Kuffer, Das chinesische Volk, S. 123. A similar custom among the natives of Algeria I have read of in a newspaper (1856). Moreover, the clouds which conceal the sky the Indians represent as a serpent. It is ahi, the cloud-serpent, which Indra chases away when he divides the clouds with his lightning. Vid., Westergaard in Weber's Indischer Zeitschr. 1855, S. 417.)

continued...

Job 3:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

kings.

Job 30:23 For I know that you will bring me to death, and to the house appointed for all living.

1 Kings 2:10 So David slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David.

1 Kings 11:43 And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead.

Psalm 49:6-10,14 They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches...

Psalm 89:48 What man is he that lives, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.

Ecclesiastes 8:8 There is no man that has power over the spirit to retain the spirit; neither has he power in the day of death...

Isaiah 14:10-16 All they shall speak and say to you, Are you also become weak as we? are you become like to us...

Ezekiel 27:18-32 Damascus was your merchant in the multitude of the wares of your making, for the multitude of all riches; in the wine of Helbon...

which built. Who erect splendid mausoleums, funeral monuments, etc. to keep their names from perishing, while their bodies are turned to corruption.

Job 15:28 And he dwells in desolate cities, and in houses which no man inhabits, which are ready to become heaps.

Isaiah 5:8 Woe to them that join house to house, that lay field to field, till there be no place...

Ezekiel 26:20 When I shall bring you down with them that descend into the pit, with the people of old time...

Cross References
Job 12:17
He leads counselors away stripped, and judges he makes fools.

Job 12:18
He looses the bonds of kings and binds a waistcloth on their hips.

Job 15:28
and has lived in desolate cities, in houses that none should inhabit, which were ready to become heaps of ruins;

Isaiah 58:12
And your ancient ruins shall be rebuilt; you shall raise up the foundations of many generations; you shall be called the repairer of the breach, the restorer of streets to dwell in.

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